Townsend's of Alveston Co Warwickshire, England
Synopsis: Townsend's of Alveston Co Warwickshire, England

Stratford-Upon-Avon District, Co Warwickshire Group Index
   
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This family burned brightly in Alveston from the mid 1500s to the late 1700s. The last known male member of this family living in the area died in 1793. For a few decades the family estate remained in a female line, however this branch appears to have died out in the 1810s and the family estate passed into other hands. By the mid 1800s much of the family estate was in the hands of the Webb family, a family with which the Townsends intermarried numerous times. Curiously enough, other parts of the old Townsend estates were in the hands of an unrelated Townsend family from the 1830s on, Joseph Townsend & his descendants. Joseph settled in Alveston from elsewhere in Warwickshire and there does not appear to be any connection between the two families, apart from the co-incidence of a shared surname. In the late 1700s William Townsend, an innkeeper, settled at Bridgetown, near Alveston. William was from Lighthorne, about 10-15km south-east of Alveston & Townsend's can be found there as early as the mid 1600s, again there is no evidence of a connection apart from a shared surname.
   

1. John Townsend,[252] Died 1546, Snitterfield, Co Warwickshire, England.[252] Will dated 10/10/1546, John Townsend of Snitterfield, bequeaths his freehold to his wife, Margaret, for life and to dispose of at her death as she thought best, expressing the wish that she and their son Thomas should occupy two parts of the farm jointly, and their younger son William should occupy the third part; among the three he distributed his corn and crop, beasts, horses, carts, and other things, reserving a cow for his daughter Joan, and a 'nose-calf' for her son (Joan was Mistress Dickson alias Waterman, and her son was Thomas, who succeeded his father as host of the Swan, another daughter, Mary, was married to John Staunton of Longbridge, near Warwick, and had a son, Thomas Staunton).[252] Freehold farmer.[252] Yeoman.[254]
Dated 1/10/1529, John Townesend, Richard Hawe of Warrewyk, gentleman, Richard Fysshar, under bailiff of Warrewyk, William Holbache, John Parker of Grove Park, Walter Nicolson & Richard Maydes were witnesses to a release from John Palmer of Snytteffeld, son and heir of John Palmer and Elizabeth his wife, and the aforesaid Elizabeth, daughter of John Harvye, formerly of Snyttefyld to Robert Ardernn of one tenement with divers lands and pastures adjacent and pertaining to the same lying in Snyttefyld between the tenement of Richard Hardyng and the land of the lord.[252,253]
Married Margaret.[252] Margaret died 1558, Snitterfield, Co Warwickshire, England.[252] Will dated 1/6/1558, Margaret Townsend of The Wold, Snytterfield,[252,255] widow, in which she "bequeathed the freehold to her son Thomas, with 'all the wood lying against the elms at the chamber-end', and a cow, and a few household things; and all the rest of her possessions, save a few personal gifts, she left to her son William ... Mistress Dickson obtained her mother's cap ... Thomas's wife the 'harnessed girdle of silver' and the rest of the Sunday garments .. god-daughter, Margaret Phillips of Chapel Street, Stratford, the silver-ring ... Alice Townsend a cow, a pair of sheets, a 'twilly' (bed-covering), a caldron, two pewter dishes, a pair of tache-hooks, and two 'partlets' ... Mary Staunton's children inherited a memorial groat apiece, and her husband was appointed supervisor of the testament ... Thomas's right to seven gold pieces (two angels and five crowns), given to him one day by his mother 'in the barn', is acknowledged by William."[252]
On 10/10/1546 was a beneficiary in her husband's will, being bequeathed a share of his "corn and crop, beasts, horses, carts, and other things" and the remaining 2/3rds of his freehold farm in Snitterfield, Co Warwickshire, to occupy and "dispose of at her death as she thought best".[252]
Dated between 1544-1551 in the Court of Chancery, Henry Grove and Helen his wife, late the wife of Thomas Cookes, plaintiffs, vs. Thomas Gryswold, husband of Joan late the wife of Ralph Bott, Margaret, executrix and late the wife of John Townesende, yeoman, William and Thomas Townesende and Richard Shawe, defendants re a messuage and lands in Solihull, Snitterfield, and Kington, Warwickshire, settled on the said Helen at her first marriage.[254]
Dated 10/10/1558, inventory of the goods of Margaret Townsend, deceased, Thomas Palmer, Thomas Mayowe, and Master Bott.[252]
Resided 1529, 1546, 1558, Snitterfield, Co Warwickshire, England.[252,253]

Children of John & Margaret Townsend:
*
i.
 
Thomas Townsend,[3,250,252] probably born between 1525-1540 (from DOB of issue & DOD). Eldest son.[252]

ii.

Joan Townsend,[252] born before 1530 (from DOB of issue). On 1/6/1558 Mistress Dickson obtained her mother's cap in the will of her mother.[252] Married Mr Waterman.[252] Married 2nd Mr Dickson.[252]
Children: (a)
 
Thomas Dickson, born before 1546.[252] Beneficiary in the will of John Townsend, 10/10/1546, being bequeathed a nose-calf.[252]

iii.

William Townsend,[172] probably born between 1525-1540 (from DOB of issue). Died between 1567-1570 (from DOB of issue & remarriage of his widow). Younger son.[252]
On 10/10/1546 was a beneficiary in his father's will, being bequeathed a 1/3rd part of his father's freehold in Snitterfield, along with a share of his father's "corn and crop, beasts, horses, carts, and other things".[252]
Dated between 1544-1551 in the Court of Chancery, Henry Grove and Helen his wife, late the wife of Thomas Cookes, plaintiffs, vs. Thomas Gryswold, husband of Joan late the wife of Ralph Bott, Margaret, executrix and late the wife of John Townesende, yeoman, William and Thomas Townesende and Richard Shawe, defendants re a messuage and lands in Solihull, Snitterfield, and Kington, Warwickshire, settled on the said Helen at her first marriage.[254]
On 1/6/1558 was bequeathed "all the rest of her possessions, save a few personal gifts" in his mother's will.[252]
In 1560 Thomas Stanton took William to court: "Thomas Staunton v. William Townesend to recover possession of four silver spoons valued at 30s., 2 Eliz."[172] In 1561, Thomas Stanton was still trying to retrieve his goods: "A similar mandate to take William Townesend to answer Thomas Staunton, 3 Eliz."[172]
Married Alice Townsend, c.1559.[252] {Married after William's mother died & his eldest son born by by 1560}
On 1/6/1558 Alice was bequeathed "a cow, a pair of sheets, a twilly [bed-covering], a caldron, two pewter dishes, a pair of tache-hooks, and two partlets in the will of her mother-in-law.[252] Alice married 2nd Edward Smith, 14/11/1570, Snitterfield, Co Warwickshire, England.[6]
Children: (a)
 
John Townsend, born c.1559 (from DOB of issue & born after 1558). Married Dorothy.[6,251]
Children: (1)
 
Edward Townsend, baptised 13/7/1578, Snitterfield, Co Warwickshire, England.[6]
(2)
John Townsend, baptised 27/9/1579, Snitterfield, Co Warwickshire, England.[6] Died 1581 & buried 5/11/1581, Snitterfield, Co Warwickshire, England.[6]
(3)
Henry Townsend, baptised 4/9/1586, Snitterfield, Co Warwickshire, England (s/o John & Darrity).[6,251] Willm Meaydes, Henry Shaxsper & Elizabeth Perkes, pleages (Henry Shakespeare was the uncle of William the playwright).[251]
(4)
Marey Townsend, baptised 3/12/1587, Snitterfield, Co Warwickshire, England (d/o John & Dorrity).[6]
(5)
William Townsend, baptised 8/3/1589, Snitterfield, Co Warwickshire, England (s/o John & Dorritie).[6]
(6)

Frances Townsend, baptised 12/2/1592, Snitterfield, Co Warwickshire, England.[6]


Henry Townsend, baptised 11/5/1562, Snitterfield, Co Warwickshire, England.[6] On 7/1/1606 was a beneficiary in the will of his brother, Edmund Townsend.[250] On 13/8/1618 was a beneficiary in the will of Thomas Townsend of Alveston.[250] Resided 1618, Snitterfield, Co Warwickshire, England.[250]
(b)
Edward Townsend, baptised 25/2/1563, Snitterfield, Co Warwickshire, England.[6] Died 1606.[161] Will dated 7/1/1606 & probated 26/1/1606-1607 at Litchfield,[161,250] Edmund Townsend of Alveston, husbandman, bequeaths to "Every godchild a Shipp. Every one of Thomas Townsend of Aulson the younger his children one Shipp. To Betteridge Weale one Shipp. Residue to Alice Smith my mother and Henry Townsend, my brother – and they executors. Witnesses Thomas Townsend, Steven Sanderson, Margret Radman. Inventory 20/1/1606 by Thomas Townsend, Thomas Welles, Henry Sumner. Debts to Robert Baker of Aulson, William Skinner of Aulson, Elizabeth Lorde of Tyddington, Thomas Higgins jnr of Tyddington."[250] Resided 1606, Alveston, Co Warwickshire, England.[161] {Probably did not marry - no wife or children mentioned in his will}
(c)
Thomas Townsend, baptised 22/8/1567, Snitterfield, Co Warwickshire, England.[6]

iv.

Mary Townsend.[252] On 1/6/1558 Mary Staunton's children inherited a memorial groat apiece in the will of Margaret Townsend.[252] Married John Staunton.[252] John of Longbridge, near Warwick, Co Warwickshire, England.[252] On 1/6/1558 John Staunton was named supervisor of the will of his mother-in-law, Margaret Townsend.[252]
Children: (a)
 
Thomas Staunton.[252]

v.

Edward Tounsend,[3] probably born between 1540-1545 (from DOB of issue). Died 1585 & buried 11/6/1585, St James, Alveston, Co Warwickshire, England.[250] Married Margerie Barber, 22/9/1567, St James, Alveston, Co Warwickshire, England.[3,250]
Children: (a)
 
Margerie Tounsend, baptised 6/2/1567-1568, St James, Alveston, Co Warwickshire, England.[3,250] Died infancy.
(b)
Margaret Tounsend, baptised 11/9/1570, St James, Alveston, Co Warwickshire, England.[3,250] Died infancy.
(c)
Margaret Tounsend, baptised 23/1/1571-1572, St James, Alveston, Co Warwickshire, England.[3,250]
(d)
William Tounsend, baptised 15/2/1573-1574, St James, Alveston, Co Warwickshire, England.[3,250]
(e)
Sybill Townsend, baptised 4/6/1583, St James, Alveston, Co Warwickshire, England.[3,250]

    
    

1.1. Thomas Townsend,[3,250] probably born between 1525-1540 (from DOB of issue & DOD). Died 1608 & buried 13/4/1608, St James, Alveston, Co Warwickshire, England (Thomas Sr).[250] Eldest son.[252]
On 10/10/1546 was a beneficiary in his father's will, being bequeathed a share of his father's "corn and crop, beasts, horses, carts, and other things" and the right to jointly occupy with his mother the remaining 2/3rds of his father's freehold farm in Snitterfield, Co Warwickshire.[252]
Dated between 1544-1551 in the Court of Chancery, Henry Grove and Helen his wife, late the wife of Thomas Cookes, plaintiffs, vs. Thomas Gryswold, husband of Joan late the wife of Ralph Bott, Margaret, executrix and late the wife of John Townesende, yeoman, William and Thomas Townesende and Richard Shawe, defendants re a messuage and lands in Solihull, Snitterfield, and Kington, Warwickshire, settled on the said Helen at her first marriage.[254]
On 1/6/1558 in the will of his mother was bequeathed the freehold she was in turn granted in the will of her husband in 1546, "with 'all the wood lying against the elms at the chamber-end', and a cow, and a few household things", also his right to "seven gold pieces (two angels and five crowns), given to him one day by his mother 'in the barn."[252]
On 20/10/1578 Thomas appeared as a juror at the "Inquisition post mortem" of William Wareinge, gentleman, held at Stratford-upon-Avon {IPMs were used to confirm inheritance. 'Jurors' at the time were witnesses who were called to present relevant evidence and assist in forming a judgmemt}.[171]
Dated 1/6/1607, "Bargain and sale (with counterpart) by John Savage, Warwick, yeoman, to Thomas Townsend, Alveston, yeoman, for 180 of 2 yard lands in Alveston and Tiddington, which the said Thomas Townsend has heretofore held from the said John Savage by lease."[46]
Dated 1/6/1607, a conveyance of estates in Alveston & Tiddington from John Savage of Warwick, yeoman, to Thomas Townsend of Alveston yeoman.[163]
Yeoman, 1607.[46,163] Married Agnes.[250] Agnes died 1613 & buried 28/6/1613, St James, Alveston, Co Warwickshire, England (w/o Thomas).[250]
On 1/6/1558 the wife of Thomas was bequeathed a "harnessed girdle of silver and the rest of the Sunday garments" in the will of her mother-in-law.[252]
Resided 1546, 1558, Snitterfield, Co Warwickshire, England.[252] Resided 1607, Alveston, Co Warwickshire, England.[46,163]

Children of Thomas Townsend & Agnes:
*
i.
 
Thomas Townesende,[3] born between 1550-1558 (from DOB of issue & mentioned in his grandmother's will).

ii.

Richard Townsend,[158,159] probably born between 1550-1570. Married Margret.[159] Margret died 1593/1594 & buried 13/3/1593-1594, Holy Trinity, Stratford-on-Avon, Co Warwickshire, England.[158]
Children: (a)
 
Margery Towneende, baptised 21/9/1590, Holy Trinity, Stratford-on-Avon, Co Warwickshire, England.[4,158] Died 1590 & buried 14/10/1590, Holy Trinity, Stratford-on-Avon, Co Warwickshire, England.[159]

iii.

Joane Townsende.[250] Married Thomas Welles, 18/11/1588, St James, Alveston, Co Warwickshire, England.[250]

    
St James, Alveston, 1837
Old St James, Alveston, 1837
Artist/Photographer unknown
Remains of old St James, Alveston
Remains of old St James, Alveston
Image C/E Fosse Deanery
New St James, Alveston (1839)
New St James, Alveston (built 1839)
Image David Howard [Geograph]
 Alveston is a parish in Warwickshire, England, to the east of Stratford-Upon-Avon. Its present boundaries seem to be approximately those given in a Saxon charter of 985. The suffix of “ton” in the names Alveston and Tiddington means a farmstead or settlement of Saxon origin. Alveston is believed to be named after Aenulf, a Saxon chief. The site of the Old Church also indicates that the original Saxon settlement was along Mill Lane leading to a ford across the river. Little is known of the early history of the village, except the granting of a Charter in 955 AD, although it is clearly an earlier settlement than the later and larger development of Stratford-upon-Avon. The origins of the name Tiddington are less clear. Possibly named after Tidda or Tilda. The earliest spelling was “Tidinctune” in 969. The parish includes the two separate villages of Alveston and Tiddington and part of the hamlet of Bridgetown. The Avon is crossed by a ferry at Alveston village and a ford near the mill, the 'Doddanford' of 985. Lower down the stream opposite Cliffe Cottage is the probable site of Welcombe Ford. There was an Iron Age settlement in Tiddington as shown by crop marks near the river. Tiddington has yielded abundant evidence both of Roman and Saxon occupation. A Roman industrial settlement yielded remains including a tile kiln, furnaces and coins indicating a prolonged occupation, which may even have survived the withdrawal of the legions. A Saxon cemetery, dating to the 8th and 9th centuries, was discovered in 1935. The Manor House, just east of Clopton Bridge, is mostly a timber-framed two story building, parts of which date to c.1500 or earlier. The Old Rectory, south-east of the church, with walls almost completely of close-set studding, dates to the early 1500s. The brick facing is somewhat more recent. Alveston Lodge, next to the rectory, is traditionally said to have been the residence of William More, Prior of Worcester, 1518–1535. In the Domesday Book Alveston parish was occupied by 43 families, about 200 people, larger than Stratford-upon-Avon at the time. The village lies chiefly east of the churches, and few of the houses are old. One noticeable house fairly near the ferry is of 17th-century timber-framing in two stories above a high stone basement. The mill at Alveston is mentioned as early as 966. Domesday records three mills here, worth 40s. In 1240 there were two corn mills in Alveston and a corn mill and fulling mill in Tiddington. Two watermills and a fishery were included with the site of the manor in 1570. In 1650 there were three water mills and a fulling mill near the manor-house. Alveston throughout its history has been essentially a freeholders' village. In 1240 the free tenements comprised more than one-third of the manor. The demesne in 1240 consisted of 4 carucates of land 'with the new addition'. By 1699 the heath was being ploughed and fenced in for corn, and a part of the Black Ground Field was hitched for feeding horses. A part of the heath was ordered to be laid down with grass seeds in 1704, and within the next 30 years these new crops, among which clover is first specifically mentioned in 1719, were introduced into four of the common fields, being generally sown together with oats or barley. The cultivation of turnips for sheep feed began on the heath in 1729. A petition for inclosure was approved by the House of Commons in 1771. The inclosure established 6 large farms ranging from 142 to 407 acres, and 5 others of between 50 and 100 acres. Smaller allotments were made to 9 other proprietors. The largest holdings were those of Newsham Peers, Lord Lifford (300 acres, now Alveston Pasture Farm), and Thomas Hiron (now Alveston Hill Farm, 275 acres). The great majority of the individual proprietors came of families which had been settled in the parish since before 1600. Tiddington, although from earliest times a separate township from Alveston, has never been a separate manor. Although the first major battle of the English civil war was fought at Edgehill, only 14 miles away, Alveston, largely escaped the full force of war with only minor threats, thefts and skirmishes. In 1744 Alveston was lauded as a health spa. On Alveston Hill there was a spring and a pool where the sick bathed in hope of a cure.
"Alveston, a village and a parish in Stratford on Avon district, Warwick. The village stands near the Avon, under Welcombe hills, amid charming environs, 2.5 miles ENE of Stratford-on-Avon; was pronounced by Dr. Parry the Montpelier of England; and has a post office under Stratford-on-Avon. The parish contains also the pleasant village of Tiddington. Acres, 4,300. Real property, 8,531. Pop., 844. Houses, 191. The property is much subdivided. A chief residence is Alveston House. The living is a vicarage in the diocese of Worcester. Value, 220. Patron, the Rector of Hampton-Lucy. The church contains some fine tombs of the Lucys, and is very good. Charities, 46."[1872 Imperial Gazetteer of England and Wales]
"Alveston, a village and a parish in Warwickshire. The village stands near the Avon, under Welcombe Hills, amid charming environs, 2 1/2 miles ENE of Stratford-on-Avon. It has a post, money order, and telegraph office under Stratford-on-Avon. The parish contains also the hamlets of Tiddington and Bridgetown. Acreage, 2886; population, 954. There are several gentlemen's residences in the village. The living is a vicarage in the diocese of Worcester; value, 190. Patron, the rector of Hampton Lucy. The church formerly belonged to the abbey of Tewkesbury, and is an ancient stone edifice with transepts and a pinnacled western tower. It was restored in 1876, at a cost of 4000."[1895 Comprehensive Gazetteer of England and Wales]
The parish church is dedicated to St James. In 1837 it was resolved to build a new Church and on the 1/8/1837 the foundation stone of the present St James’ was laid by Mrs Fortescue-Knottesford of Alveston Manor. The completed building was consecrated on 16/5/1839 by the Bishop of Worcester. The present church of St James consists of a chancel with north and south chapels, a broad nave, south porch, and west tower. There are four bells, one modern, the others are dated 1658, 1616 inscribed 'god save noble king James and Thomas Townsend' and 1729. The architect for the new church, William Walker, reputedly designed the church based on Westminster Abbey. It has an imposing structure with a high roof space and impressive hammer beams and is considerably larger than its predecessor. The new building had seating for 570 people, 316 of which were declared to be “free and unappropriated for ever” (ie not assigned to a particular family). The construction costs were small, even for the time, just 2,640, much of the materials having been recycled from the old church. By 1871 the population of the Parish of Alveston had risen to almost 1,000. St James was considered too small and the east end of the church was enlarged in 1875. The tower was restored in 1945. The walls of the Lady Chapel are lined with seventeenth century panelling. The remains of the old parish church stand about 1/4 mile north and consist of the almost derelict chancel, built of 18th-century red brick with rusticated angle dressings, and covered with rough-cast cement; the roof is tiled. The east window is unglazed. In the south wall was a doorway, now blocked to form an external recess. In this is reset the elaborately carved tympanum of a 12th-century doorway, and two carved capitals. There are eight funeral monuments inside, the oldest and most interesting of which is that of Nicholas Lane, who died 1595. There is no mention of a priest at Alveston in the Domesday Survey. In 1240 the church was a chapelry of Hampton Lucy, remaining such until 1858. Although the old church fell into disuse it was not totally demolished, the chancel was left intact. The Old Church was restored in 1945 and again between 2000-2005. In 2006 it was rededicated by the Bishop and it remains in use as a church today, with a weekly service in Summer.[Alveston Parish History, Parish of Alveston, British History Online]
"The old church, dedicated to St James, which adjoins the park of Alveston House, and in which most of the members of the family of Peers lie buried, is now but a ruin. The chancel, with a bellcote, is all that remains of the original structure, the nave having been pulled down when the present church was built, about a quarter of a mile distant, in 1839. Beyond the monuments and two carvings in stone of the thirteenth century there is nothing of interest in this church, which is now used for funeral services for the members of such families as have vaults in the churchyard.'[Miscellanea genealogica et heraldica, 1906]
 
   
   

1.1.1. Thomas Townesende (s/o Thomas),[3,250] born between 1550-1558 (from DOB of issue & mentioned in his grandmother's will). Died 24/10/1619, Alveston, Co Warwickshire, England,[32] & buried 26/10/1619, St James, Alveston, Co Warwickshire, England.[250] Will dated 13/8/1618, Thomas Townsend the elder of Alveston,[89,250] yeoman, & probated 13/12/1619, Lichfield, mentions land & houses at Tyddington and bequeaths "To Wm Townsend my son 400. To Edmunde, Richard and John Townsend my sons 200 each. Thomas Townsend my eldest son. To Alice daughter 100 and 100 if she marry with consent of executors. To Katherine Day 100. Joan Higgins, Thomas Higgins & Katherine Townesend my three nephews, Alice Green. To Henry Townsend of Snitterfield 10/-. Executor my son Thomas. Overseers William Freeman, my brother in law, and John Edwards. Debts to Edmond Townesend my son, Thomas Savage of Tachbrooke, Oliver Cheshire of Warwick, butcher, Thomas Clearlse of Clardon Cooke, John Hoode of Stretforde butcher, Rich Fitchens. Witnesses  Robert Dawley & James Prescott."[250]

In 1613 Thomas accused Nicholas Worrall of theft: "Nicholas Worrall attached to answer Thomas Townesend for unlawful possession of one woman's gown, two petticoats and one hat value 3, with 15 in money lost by plaintiff, 10 Jac. I" and "James Johnsons attached to answer Thomas Townesend for unlawful possession of the articles, &c., named in the preceding, 10 Jac. I."[148]

Dated 1/11/1624, "Receipt from Richard Townsend to his brother Thomas for 100 legacy under the will of their father Thomas."[250]

Married Dorothy.[250] Dorothy died 1636 & buried 30/5/1636, St James, Alveston, Co Warwickshire, England (w/o Thomas).[250] Resided 1618, Alveston, Co Warwickshire, England.[89]

Children of Thomas Townsend & Dorothy:

i.
 
Joane Tounsend, baptised 16/12/1585, St James, Alveston, Co Warwickshire, England.[3,250] Married Robert Dowley, 29/4/1618, St James, Alveston, Co Warwickshire, England.[3,250] Robert, vicar.[250]
Children: (a)
 
Elizabeth Dowley, baptised 8/9/1622, St James, Alveston, Co Warwickshire, England.[3]
(b)
Agnes Dowley, baptised 23/1/1624, St James, Alveston, Co Warwickshire, England.[3]
*
ii.

Thomas Tounsend, baptised 23/6/1587, St James, Alveston, Co Warwickshire, England.[3,250]
*
iii.

William Tounsende, baptised 25/12/1588, St James, Alveston, Co Warwickshire, England.[3,250]

iv.

Ann Townsend, baptised 10/10/1593, St James, Alveston, Co Warwickshire, England.[250]

v.

Edward (Edmund) Townesinde, baptised 10/12/1594, St James, Alveston, Co Warwickshire, England.[3,250Died 1646/1647 & buried 26/3/1646-1647, St Nicholas, Loxley, Co Warwickshire, England, d/o Edward.[249] On 30/3/1623 was appointed a "Surveyor of the highwayes for the Towne."[247]
  Dated 18/3/1624-1625 aquired an acre of meadow in Alveston by paying off the debts of Thomas Higgins: "Lease from Thomas Higgins of Tiddington, yeoman, to William Higgins and Edmund Townsend of Stratford-upon-Avon, yeomen, for 36 paid by them on behalf of the said Thomas Higgins to sundry debtors, of a yardland, an acre of meadow in Alveston Meadow, alias Mill Mead, and two parcels of land called Home Close and The Lott, all lying in Alveston and Tiddington in the tenure of Thomas Lord; to hold for 21 years after the death of John Higgins, father of the said William, at a peppercorn rent, in order to receive an annual rent charge of 13 from the said premises by which they might be reimbursed for the 36 which they had paid out on the lessor's behalf. Agreement that the said Thomas Higgins should remain in occupation of the said premises if he could offer sufficient securities for the said 36, and that the lease should be void when this sum had been repaid."[15]  

Dated 23/6/1638-1639 was appointed an overseer of the will of his brother, Thomas.[27]
Was listed as a heir in the will of his brother, John, dated 12/6/1658, receiving John's clothes & a share of the residual estate.[91] Married Anne Lorde, 14/7/1623, St James, Alveston, Co Warwickshire, England.[3,250] Anne died 1652 & buried 10/10/1652, St Nicholas, Loxley, Co Warwickshire, England, widow.[249] Resided 1624/1625, Stratford-upon-Avon, Co Warwickshire, England.[15] Resided 1659, Loxley, Co Warwickshire, England.[141]
Children: (a)
 
Edmund Tounsin, baptised 16/5/1624, Holy Trinity, Stratford-upon-Avon, Co Warwickshire, England.[4,158] Died c.1659.[141] Will dated 1659, Will of Edmund Townsend of Loxley, Co Warwickshire.[141] {Loxley is about 3.5km SE of Alveston} Mentioned in will of his brother, John, 1658.[91] {Received the bulk of John's estate suggesting he may have been the eldest brother}
(b)
Alice Townsin, baptised 15/1/1625-1626, Holy Trinity, Stratford-upon-Avon, Co Warwickshire, England.[4,158]
(c)
Anne Townsin, baptised 16/12/1627, Holy Trinity, Stratford-upon-Avon, Co Warwickshire, England.[4,158] Died 1629 & buried 14/10/1629, St Nicholas, Loxley, Co Warwickshire, England, d/o Edward.[249]
(d)
Thomas Townsin, baptised 21/3/1629-1630, Holy Trinity, Stratford-upon-Avon, Co Warwickshire, England.[4,158] Died 1629 & buried 29/10/1629, St Nicholas, Loxley, Co Warwickshire, England, s/o Edward.[249]
(e)

Kathryn Townsend,[91] baptised 14/10/1631, St Nicholas, Loxley, Co Warwickshire, England, d/o Edward & Anne.[249] Mentioned in will of her brother, John, 1658.[91]
(f)

William Townsend,[91] baptised 2/5/1634, St Nicholas, Loxley, Co Warwickshire, England, s/o Edward & Anne.[249] Died 1639 & buried 12/4/1639, St Nicholas, Loxley, Co Warwickshire, England, s/o Edward & Agnes.[249]
(g)
John Townsende,[91] baptised 1/10/1636, St Nicholas, Loxley, Co Warwickshire, England, s/o Edward & Agnes.[249] Died 1658, Alveston, Co Warwickshire, England.[91] Will dated 12/6/1658 & probated 3/11/1658, John Townsend, Alveston, yeoman.[90,91] "...clothes to brother Edmund; rest of estate to be divided among brothers Thomas, Edmund and William, sister Katherine Townsend and brother-in-law Thomas Dennett, who sole executor."[91] {No spouse or issue listed in will, identity of 'brother in law' unknown, was he married to John's sister or was John married? If the later, his wife pre-deceased him & there was no surviving issue since none were mentioned in his will} Yeoman, 1658.[90,91] Resided 1658, Alveston, Stratford-upon-Avon, Co Warwickshire, England.[90,91]
(h)

infant Townsend.[249] Died 1638 & buried 23/12/1638, St Nicholas, Loxley, Co Warwickshire, England, d/o Edward & Agnes.[249]
(i)
Thomas Townsende, baptised 16/5/1641, St Nicholas, Loxley, Co Warwickshire, England, s/o Edward & Agnes.[249] Mentioned in will of his brother, John, 1658.[91]
(j)
William Townsend, baptised 17/11/1644, St Nicholas, Loxley, Co Warwickshire, England, s/o Edward & Agnes.[249] Mentioned in will of his brother, John, 1658.[91]
*
vi.

John Townesende,[4,158,159] baptised 10/3/1595-1596, St James, Alveston, Co Warwickshire, England.[3,250]

vii.
Richard Townesend, baptised 10/3/1597, St James, Alveston, Co Warwickshire, England.[3,250] Alive 23/6/1638-1639.[27] Dated 1/11/1624, "Receipt from Richard Townsend to his brother Thomas for 100 legacy under the will of their father Thomas."[250] Possibly the Richard Townsend recommended for the post of steward in a letter to the Bailiff and Burgesses of Stratford-on-Avon dated 12/5/1625: "A letter signed Jo: Broke addressed to the Bailiff and Burgesses in recommendation of Mr. Richard Townesend of Warwick to fill the office of Mr. Lucas deceased as steward, dated from the Court at Whitehall."[173] Dated 23/6/1638-1639 was named executor and trustee in the will of his brother, Thomas, also named a beneficiary of the estate.[27] Married Alice Shackle, 21/6/1619, Hampton Lucy, Co Warwickshire, England.[250]

viii.
Katherine Townsend.[3,250] Died 17/7/1673 & buried 18/7/1673, Armscote, Co Warwickshire (Galford).[256] Named in her father's will.[205] Married Robert Banburie, 23/7/1627, St James, Alveston, Co Warwickshire, England.[3,250] Married 2nd John Halford Jr, 17/1/1631-1632, Treddington, Co Warwickshire, England.[250,256] John Died 4/3/1680-1681.[256] John a yeoman and landowner of Armscote, Co Warwickshire.[250] Quakers.[256]
Children: (a)
 
Robert Banberie, baptised 21/12/1628, Treddington, Co Warwickshire, England.[250] Died 1630 & buried 17/4/1630, Treddington, Co Warwickshire, England.[250]

ix.
Alice Townsend.[3] Named in her father's will.[205] Married William Banburie, 20/2/1625-1626, St James, Alveston, Co Warwickshire, England.[3,250]


St Nicholas, Loxley
St Nicholas, Loxley
Image John Holmes [Geograph]
Home Farm, Loxley
Home Farm, Loxley
Image David Stowell [Geograph]
Brick & timber cottage, Loxley
Brick & timber cottage, Loxley, 1800s
Artist/Photographer unknown
 Loxley was originally settled by the Romans. Loxley probably began as a clearing in the woodland near the bottom of the hill that runs west from Wellesbourne. In the late 8th century King Offa of Mercia gave the settlement of Loxley to the Cathedral at Worcester. By 1086 the Domesday Book records a thriving agricultural community with a resident priest. After 1066 the village came into the possession of the Count of Meulan. Later, ownership of much of the Parish passed to Kenilworth Abbey. The village has retained its rural character and historic feel. When Henry VIII ordered the confiscation of the property of the abbeys and monasteries in 1538, Robert Croft was the tenant of Loxley Manor. Ownership of the manor soon passed to the Underhill family and then in 1664 to Edward Nash of East Greenwich. The medieval village in the valley was later abandoned and new houses built on higher ground. By the 1850s the former parish lands were divided between 7 farms which produced wheat, beans and peas and raised sheep and other livestock. A school was built in the 1830s. In 2001 the Parish had 338 residents. The parish church is dedicated to St Nicholas & has a history dating back to the 8th century. The church still stands on the site given by King Offa. In 1253 the church was granted to Kenilworth Priory which retained it until the Dissolution of the Monasteries. Red sandstone from Kenilworth was used in the construction of the present building on the foundations of the earlier Anglo-Saxon Church. Bishop Godfrey Giffard consecrated the new building 7/7/1286. The northern wall of the Chancel incorporates Saxon work from c.950. The lower parts of the tower are probably part of the 1286 church. The pillar piscina on the south wall of the chancel, the nearby lancet window, and the small coffin lid on the west wall are also 13th century. The church was almost entirely rebuilt in the 18th century, the tower alone remaining unaltered. The south aisle was removed and the small vestry was built. This work gave the Church the Georgian character that remains evident today. In 1923 another restoration was carried out, including the removal of the gallery. The church stands within the grounds of the Loxley House.[West Gallery Churches, Loxley Village] 
   
    

1.1.1.1. Thomas Tounsend (s/o Thomas, s/o William), baptised 23/6/1587, St James, Alveston, Co Warwickshire, England.[3,250] Probably died c.1639 (date of will).[28] Will dated 12/3/1638-1639, Thomas Townsend of Alveston, yeoman.[28] In his will Thomas left "10 shillings to repair of Alveston Church & 10 shillings to poor of Alveston. Appointed brothers John and Richard Townsend as trustees of: 2/3 messuage in Alveston in which testator lives; 2/3 of 3 yard lands belonging to said messuage; 2/3 of messuage and appurtenances with close thereto belonging, lately purchased from Thomas Brown the elder and Thomas Brown the younger; 2/3 of close called Latchmore in Alveston; 2/3 of messuage and yard land called 'John Welles Living' purchased of Edward Lane, gent. For maintenance of children, payment of debts etc, until testator's next heir is of age of 24 years, and also chargeable with various legacies: To daughter Alice, 100 at 20; To daughter Elizabeth, 80 at 20; To daughter Anne, 80 at 20; To eldest son Thomas, furnace, brewing vessells, cupboards, 'broches' and dripping pans, hogsheads, barrels and implements in buttery, joined table and frame in the hall, one table and frame, a joined bedsted, featherbed and bolster, with all furnishings for same in lower chamber; To second son, Richard, 120 ( at 21, at 22) to be paid by son Thomas; To youngest daughter, Marie, 80 at 20 ) to be paid by son Thomas. If son Thomas dies before becoming 21 then property to second son Richard and he to pay 80 to Marie and divide the 120 originally willed to him equally between Alice, Elizabeth, Ann and Marie. If daughters die before 20 their share to be divided equally among survivors. Residue of goods to brothers John and Richard Townsend who are executors. Appoints son-in-law Henry Palmer, Ralph Bloxam and brothers William and Edmund Townsend as Overseers."[28,250] Yeoman, 1618, 1619, 1620, 1622, 1630, 1638.[14,16,28,32,33,34,51,56,59,72,123]

Dated 1/6/1607, "Bargain and sale (with counterpart) by John Savage, Warwick, yeoman, to Thomas Townsend, Alveston, yeoman, for 180 of 2 yard lands in Alveston and Tiddington, which the said Thomas Townsend has heretofore held from the said John Savage by lease."[250]

  In 1613 Thomas charged "Robert Lee attached to answer Thomas Townesend for the possession of a cloak and purse lost by the plaintiff, 10 James I.[37]  

In 1613 Thomas charged that Hugh Brown, James Johnsons and Nicholas Worrall attempted to defraud Thomas whilst playing a game of cards at Stratford on 3/5/1613: "James Johnsons and Nicholas Worrall attached to answer Thomas Townesend for having conspired with one Hugh Browne at Stratford on the third of May to defraud the plaintiff of divers sums of money at play in a game of cards called Newcutt, 10 Jac. I."[36]

On 25/9/1618 bought a section of meadowland in Alveston from William Morrell: "Conveyance by William Morrell, Alveston, yeoman and Joan his wife to Thomas Townesend the younger of Alveston, yeoman for 10 of inclosed meadowground known as Great Leachmore (3 acres) in Alveston, with bond of even date to perform covenants."[32] Re the same property, dated 4/8/1835, "Schedule of deeds re property at Alveston bought by Joseph Townsend from trustees of Halford Court, deceased, 1772-1835."[33]

Dated 18/1/1618-1619 bought property in Alveston from Edward & Mary Lane, "Bargain and sale by Edward Lane, Bridgetown, gent., and Mary his wife and Richard Bishop, Chollesley, Berks., gent. and Mary his wife to Thomas Townsend the younger, Alveston, yeoman, for 140 of Messuage and appurtenances, with barns, stables, orchards and lands, together with yard land belonging to the said messuage, lying in the fields of Alveston. Which premises and lands formerly belonged to Thomas Brogdeyne and are now in occupation of John Wells. And 2 acres and 3 fithers of meadow ground in Mill Meadow now in occupation Edward Lane, one acre of which lies in that part of meadow called Cottman Medow."[72,250]

On 18/3/1619-1620 bought land in Alveston from Adrian Cale, "Bargain and sale by Adrian Cale, Alveston, husbandman to Thomas Townsend, Alveston, yeoman for 13. 6s. 8d of lands in Cottman meadow, Alveston, viz: acre lying between the lands of said Thomas Townsend and one other small piece of land on the west side of the lands of Townsend in the same meadow."[123,250]

Dated 22/3/1619-1620, bought property in Cottnam Meadow, "General release by Francis Cale and Thomas Cale, sons of Adrian Cale of Alveston, husbandman, to Thomas Townsend, Alveston, yeoman, of their rights in acre meadow between the lands of said Thomas Townsend in Cottnam Meadow and one other parcel of meadow ground in Cottnam Meadow on the west of the land of Thomas Townsend."[59,250]

On 6/4/1620 exchanged leases with Thomas Welles of land in Alveston & Mill Meadow: "Lease from Thomas Townesend of Alveston, yeoman, to Thomas Welles of Alveston, yeoman (in return for a lease from the said Thomas Welles to Thomas Townesend of a parcel of meadow containing half an acre in Alveston Meadow in Alveston) of two small parcels of meadow called Feathers in Avon Furlong in Mill Meadowe, in the tenure of the said Thomas Townesend, one shooting into the pleck of Robert Dowley, clerk, vicar of Alveston, and the other into a close of the said Thomas Townesend called Lechmore, bounded on the west by land of Thomas Cowper and on the east by land of John Peerse; to hold for 60 years paying annually 1 penny."[34,250]

Dated 6/4/1620, "Two deeds between Thomas Welles, Alveston, yeoman and Thomas Townsend, Alveston, yeoman, effecting an exchange of lands between them, viz: acre meadow in Cottman meadow near Millmeadow abutting on Cotman ditch on the east and lands of Thomas Townsend on west, assigned by Welles to Townsend and 2 small parcels of meadow called Feathers in Mill meadow lying in Avon furlong one of which shutes into a tyth pleck of Robert Dowley, clerk, vicar and the other shoots into a close of Thomas Townsend called Lechmore, the land of Thomas Cowper on the west and land of John Peers on the east assigned by Townsend to Wells."[76]

On 16/5/1620 Thomas gave an account to Sir Lionel Cranfield & Sir Benjamin Rudyerd of the estates he inherited upon the death of his father: "Indenture whereby Thomas Townesend, son and heir of Thomas Townesend, late of Alveston, alias Allston, yeoman, covenants with Sir Lionel Cranfield, Knt., P.C., Master of the Court of Wards and Liveries and Sir Benjamin Rudyerd, Knt., Surveyor of the same Court, to render a true extent of the lands, etc. which descended to him from his said father, who died 24 October 1619, he Thomas Townesend the son, being of the age of 29 years and upwards. With schedule attached, giving particulars of lands, etc. in Alveston, Tiddington and Bishop Hampton, formerly belonging to Edward Lane, Ludovic Grevill and John Savage, the whole being of the yearly value of 4.3s.4d."[32]

Dated 20/6/1620, "Deed poll by Elizabeth Lords, Tiddington, widow, confirming to Thomas Townsend, Alveston, yeoman, acre meadow ground in Cottnam Meadow, Alveston, adjoining Mill Meadow and between meadow ground of said Thomas Townsend, in exchange for 2 fithers of meadow in Avon furlong in Mill Meadow between land of John Higgins on the east and Edmonde Browne on the west."[14,250]

On 6/4/1622 bought a meadow in Tigginton Ham, "Conveyance by Adrian Cale, Alveston, husbandman to Thomas Townsend, Alveston, yeoman for 9 of 4 fithers or leys of meadow in Tiddington Ham."[51,250]

Dated 10/4/1622, "Release by Francis Cale and Thomas Cale, sons of Adrian Cale, Alveston, husbandman to Thomas Townsend, Alveston, yeoman, of their rights in four fithers of meadow conveyed by said Adrian to said Thomas Townsend, which said lands were formerly the lands of Richard Lane late of Bridgetown, gent., deceased, then of his son Edward Lane."[134,250]

In 1624 named churchwarden, St James, Alveston.[250]


Dated 1/11/1624, "Receipt from Richard Townsend to his brother Thomas for 100 legacy under the will of their father Thomas."[250]


In 1628 Thomas was involved in a court case over right of common of pasture & land enclosures, "Thomas Cowper v. Thomas Pearse, Thomas Townsend.: Villages of Anson alias Alveston, and Tiddenton alias Tiddington (Warwick), and the Bridgetown, and the commonable places adjoining. Right of common of pasture. Inclosure of lands (4 Charles 1)".[11]

On 23/10/1630 Thomas sold a property in Hampton Meadow: "Bargain sale and feoffment from Thomas Townesend of Alveston, yeoman, to Sir Thomas Lucy of Charlecote, Knt., of half an acre of meadow ground in Hampton meadow, for 7."[31]

Dated 30/10/1630, Thomas bought property in Alveston from Thomas Brown Sr & Jr, "Conveyance by Thomas Browne the elder of Alveston, husbandman, and Thomas Browne the younger, son and heir of said Thomas Browne the elder to Thomas Townsend, Alveston, yeoman, for 70 of messuage and appurtenances in Alveston in occupation said Thomas Browne the elder, together with yardlands in common fields of Alveston belonging to said messuage in occupations Thomas Baker and Thomas Godwin. With bond of even date to observe covenants. Signed and sealed by Thomas Browne, elder and younger."[56,250]

Dated 4/11/1630 was an agreement between Thomas & Thomas Brown Sr & Jr to allow the latter transit rights over land they'd sold to Thomas Townsend: "Agreement and counterpart between Thomas Browne the elder, Thomas Browne the younger and Thomas Townsend that the former, together with Frances Browne, wife of Thomas the elder, shall, for their lives, have the right to use the road over (the Home Close) land sold (30/10/1630) to Townsend, to reach Bacon Leys and Tiddington Fields, with liberty for Townsend to use the same over Bacon Leys to Tiddington Fields.[20,250]

In 1630/1631 Thomas bought additional property in Tiddington & Alveston from the Brown's :"Fine between Thomas Townsend, plaintiff and Thomas Browne the elder, Thomas Browne the younger and Frances Browne, wife of Thomas the elder, deforciants, of one messuage, one garden, one orchard, 20 acres land, 6 acres meadow, 10 acres pasture etc. in Alveston and Tiddington. Consideration 60."[24,250]

Dated 5/1/1630-1631 was involved with a lease with his brother, John: "Lease [release missing] from Thomas Townsend, Alveston, yeoman, to John Townsend, Alveston, yeoman, for 19 and peppercorn rent of acres meadowground, late the lands of Thomas Brown, in Tiddington on the east side of Tiddington meadow on the west of a close of Thomas Browne and shooting into Mr. [John] Peers hurst on the north."[16,250]
Married unknown. She died 1653 & buried 2/10/1653, St James, Alveston, Co Warwickshire, England (widdow).[250] Resided 1618, 1619, 1620, 1622, 1630, Alveston, Stratford-upon-Avon, Co Warwickshire, England.[14,16,33,34,51,56,72,123]

Children of Thomas Townsend:

i.
 
Katheryn Townesende, baptised 11/4/1619, St James, Alveston, Co Warwickshire, England.[3,250]
Dated 11/12/1666, "Receipt from Katherine Palmer [wife of Henry] to Thomas Townsend [her brother] for 400 from Arthur Moore for the use of Henry Palmer."[250]
On 24/7/1668 was bequeathed 15 in the will of her son, Thomas.[95]
Dated 18/9/1668, "Receipt from Katherine Palmer to her brother, Thomas Townsend, Alveston for 4 part legacy under will of their sister Anne Townsend."[80,250]
On 4/2/1668-1669 was bequeathed 20 (in 5 yearly instalments of 4 at Michaelmas), a silk petticoat & a suit of linen in the will of her sister, Anne.[109]
Dated 14/7/1669, "Receipt from Henry Palmer and Katherine his wife for 6 part legacy due to her under will of sister Ann Townsend."[250]
Dated 1/7/1671, "Receipt from Katharine Palmer to Thomas Townsend for 4 part legacy under will of her sister Ann Townsend."[250]
Dated 8/11/1672, "Receipt from Katharine Palmer to Thomas Townsend for 4 final part of 20 legacy under will of their sister Anne Townsend."[250]
Dated 8/11/1672, "Receipt from Katharine Palmer to Thomas Townsend for 4 final part of 20 legacy under will of their sister Anne Townsend."[250]
Married Henry Palmer,[80,95] 21/7/1635, St James, Alveston, Co Warwickshire, England.[250] Was bequeathed clothing in the will of his son, Thomas Palmer, dated 24/7/1668.[95]
Children: (a)
 
Thomas Palmer.[95] Died c.1668.[95] Will dated, 24/7/1668, Thomas Palmer, Little Towerhill, London.[95] "Bequests inter alia to Mother Katherine Palmer: 15. Uncles Thomas Townsend, Alveston, gent. and Francis Palmer: 10 each on behalf of brothers Henry and Francis to apprentice: 20/- to each of two uncles. Step-daughter Mary Burroughs, daughter of William Burroughs, deceased: 100. Father Henry Palmer: clothes. Wife Mary: residue - sole executrix."[95,250] Grocer.[95] Married Mary.[95] Mary was sole executrix of the will of her husband and inherited the residue of his estate.[95] Resided 1668, Little Towerhill, London, England.[95] Dated 17/9/1668, "Receipt from Mary Palmer to Thomas Townsend for 18/- for 12 lbs tobacco supplied by her late husband Thomas Palmer."[250]
(b)
Henry Palmer.[95] In the will of his brother, Thomas, 10 was bequeathed each to uncles Thomas Townsend & Francis Palmer Sr to apprentice Henry.[95]
(c)
Francis Palmer.[95] In the will of his brother, Thomas, 10 was bequeathed each to uncles Thomas Townsend & Francis Palmer Sr to apprentice Francis Jr.[95]

ii.

Alice Townesende, baptised 26/3/1621, St James, Alveston, Co Warwickshire, England.[3,250]
  Was granted 100 in the will of her father, 12/3/1638-1639, to be paid when she turned 20, for maintenance.[28]  

On 8/6/1657 Alice, her brother Thomas & others sold a property in Stratford-on-Avon, "Deed of sale by Alice Bellamy, the younger, of Stratford upon Avon, widow of John Bellamy, Thomas Townesend of Alveston, yeoman, Robert Fitzhugh of Stratford, yeoman, and Richard Jackson of Stratford, baker, to Richard Phillipps of Stratford, painter, for 70 paid to Alice Bellamy and 1 to the rest, of a messuage, etc. in the tenure of Bridget Washbrooke, widow, in Chappell Street, between land the inheritance of Hugh Taylor, in the occupation of Edward Hercules Taylor on the south and land of the Bailiff etc. of Stratford in the occupation of Richard Smith, on the north. Counterpart, signed, with seal. Witnesses: Joseph Phillipps, Samuel Phillipps, John Philles, Richard Baker. With bond enclosed from Richard Phillipps to Alice Bellamy to perform covenants, dated 8/6/1657, witnesses as before."[147]

Dated 16/7/1668, "Receipt from Alice Bellamy to her brother Thomas Townsend for 10 part of 20 legacy under the will of their sister Anne Townsend, deceased, of which Thomas is executor."[250]


Was bequeathed 20, one hat & one scarf in the will of her sister, Anne, dated 4/2/1668-1669.[109]

Dated 25/3/1669, "Receipt from Alice Bellamy, Stratford-upon-Avon, widow to her brother Thomas Townsend, Alveston, gent., for 20 legacy under will of sister Ann Townsend."[121,250]
Married John Bellamy.[147] John died before 8/6/1657.[147] Resided 1657, 1669, Stratford-on-Avon, Co Warwickshire, England.[121,147]
Children: (a)
 
Robert Ballemey, baptised 1/2/1646, Holy Trinity, Stratford on Avon, Co Warwickshire, England.[4]
(b)
John Ballemy, baptised 13/6/1647, Holy Trinity, Stratford on Avon, Co Warwickshire, England.[4]
(c)
Elizabeth Ballemy, baptised 26/4/1648, Holy Trinity, Stratford on Avon, Co Warwickshire, England.[4]
(d)
Mary Ballemy, baptised 15/12/1650, Holy Trinity, Stratford on Avon, Co Warwickshire, England.[4]
(e)
Bennomi Ballemy, baptised 15/10/1652, Holy Trinity, Stratford on Avon, Co Warwickshire, England.[4]

iii.

Marie Townesende, baptised 19/1/1622, St James, Alveston, Co Warwickshire, England.[3,250] Died 1622 & buried 8/2/1622, St James, Alveston, Co Warwickshire, England.[3,250]
*
iv.

Thomas Townesende, baptised 1/2/1623-1624, St James, Alveston, Co Warwickshire, England.[3,250]

v.

Elizabeth Townesende, baptised 29/8/1625, St James, Alveston, Co Warwickshire, England.[3,250] Died 1641 & buried 22/4/1641, St James, Alveston, Co Warwickshire, England.[250] Was granted 60 in the will of her father, 12/3/1638-1639, to be paid when she turned 20, for maintenance.[28]

vi.
Richard Townesende, baptised 11/2/1626, St James, Alveston, Co Warwickshire, England.[3] {[250] has 11/1/1626} Was granted 120 in the will of his father, 12/3/1638-1639, half paid when he turned 21, the rest when he turned 22, for maintenance.[28]

vii.
Anne Townesende, baptised 2/2/1629-1630, St James, Alveston, Co Warwickshire, England.[3,250] Died 1668 & buried 24/4/1668, St James, Alveston, Co Warwickshire, England.[250] Did not marry.[80] Will of Anne Townsend of Alveston, spinster dated 4/2/1668-1669 & probated 27/3/1668-1669.[190,250]
  "To sister [in-law] Townsend: 20 and a black gowne, one neck scarf 'in recompense of her great paines, care and love bestowed upon me'. To sister Katherine Palmer: 20 (in 5 yearly instalments of 4 at Michaelmas; one silk petticoat; one suit of linen. To sister Alice Bellamy: 20, one hat, one scarf. To nephew Thomas Townsend: one table board and frame, 6 joined stools, one press cupboard. To niece Mary Townsend: one sett of blue curtains and vallance with a counterpane and cupboard cloth, one pair hempen sheets, one pair flax pillowcases. To niece Dorothy Townsend: 6 cushions, one chest, 3 blankets. To niece Judith Townsend: one joined chair, one dozen spoons, one pair of sheets, one table cloth. To niece Sarah Townsend: one pair of sheets, one pair of pillowcases, one candlestick. To niece Elizabeth Townsend: one tablecloth, one brass pot, one candlestick. To 'cousin' Mary Savidge [wife of William, formerly Palmer] one flax tablecloth, one dozen napkins, one pott posnett; one pewter dish, one plate, one salt. To 'cousin' Dorothy Palmer: one featherbed, one bolster tick; two pewter dishes, one silver bodkin. To 'cousin' Isabel Palmer: one pair flax sheets, one pair holland pillowcases; one bed tick; one silver thimble. To niece Hannah Palmer: one pair of sheets, 2 pewter dishes. To 'cousin' Katherine Palmer: one pair of sheets, 2 pewter dishes. To 'cousin' Anne Palmer: one pair of sheets, one pewter dish, 2 saucers. To 'cousin' John Bellamy: gold ring. To 'cousin' Elizabeth Bellamy: one red rug, one tablecloth; one dozen flax napkins, one holland cupboard cloth; six pewter porringers; one brass pan; riding habit. Residue to brother Thomas Townsend who is sole executor. Proved in Peculiar of Hampton Lucy."[109,250]  

Dated 18/9/1668, "From Katherine Palmer to her brother, Thomas Townsend, Alveston for 4 part legacy under will of their sister Anne Townsend."[80]

Was granted 80 in the will of her father, 12/3/1638-1639, to be paid when she turned 20, for maintenance.[28]

Dated 17/3/1666-1667, "General release from Anne Townsend, Alveston, spinster to Thomas Townsend, Alveston, yeoman, her brother."[74]

Dated 3/7/1668, "Receipts to Thomas Townsend from nephew and nieces, legatees under will of their aunt Ann Townsend, viz Dorothy Palmer: featherbed, bolster, 2 pewter dishes, 1 silver bodkin; Isabel Palmer: one pair of sheets, 1 pair of pillowbeers, 1 bed tick, 1 silver thimble; William Savidge on behalf of his wife: 1 dozen napkins, 1 tablecloth, 1 pot posnet, 1 painted salt, one pewtet dishe, one pewter plate"[250]


Dated 16/7/1668, "Receipt from Alice Bellamy to her brother Thomas Townsend for 10 part of 20 legacy under the will of their sister Anne Townsend, deceased, of which Thomas is executor."[250]


Dated 18/9/1668, "Receipt from Katherine Palmer to her brother, Thomas Townsend, Alveston for 4 part legacy under will of their sister Anne Townsend."[250]


viii.
Raphe Townesende, baptised 16/1/1633-1634, St James, Alveston, Co Warwickshire, England.[3,250] Died 1633 & buried 21/1/1633, St James, Alveston, Co Warwickshire, England.[3]

ix.
Marie Townesende, baptised 16/1/1633-1634, St James, Alveston, Co Warwickshire, England.[3,250] Died 1639 & buried 9/4/1639, St James, Alveston, Co Warwickshire, England.[250] Was granted 80 in the will of her father, 12/3/1638-1639, to be paid when she turned 20, for maintenance.[28]

   
Medieval cottage, Alveston
Medieval cottage, Alveston
Image Ian Paterson [Geograph]
House, Little Tower Hill, London, 1792
Little Tower Hill, London
John Thomas Smith, 1791
Holy Trinity, Stratford-upon-Avon, 1868
Holy Trinity, Stratford-upon-Avon, 1868
Lithograph from painting by Sidney Corner
 Little Tower Hill is now an open expanse in the centre of London, immediately to the east & north-east of the Tower of London. At various times called 'Little Tower Hill' and 'Tower Hill'. Originally extended south from the Minories to Little Thames Street. Tower Hill today is an elevated spot northwest of the Tower of London, formerly it was part of the Tower Liberty under the direct administrative control of Tower, it is now part of Tower Hamlets. Tower Hill is one of the oldest parts of London, archeological evidence shows that there was a settlement on the hill in the Bronze Age and much later a Roman village that was burnt down during the Boudica uprising. A nearby church, All Hallows-by-the-Tower, is known for fragments of Romanesque architecture dating back to AD 680. Public executions of high-profile criminals were often carried out on Tower Hill. Her Majesty's Royal Palace and Fortress, more commonly known as the Tower of London, is a historic castle on the north bank of the River Thames in central London, England. It lies within the London Borough of Tower Hamlets, separated from the eastern edge of the City of London by the open space known as Tower Hill.[Wikipedia, Dictionary of London (1918)]
The Collegiate Church of the Holy and Undivided Trinity, Stratford-upon-Avon is the parish church for Stratford-upon-Avon, Warwickshire, England. It is often known simply as Shakespeare's Church, due to its fame as the place of baptism and burial of William Shakespeare. The present building dates from 1210 and is built on the site of a Saxon monastery. It is Stratford's oldest building, in a striking position on the banks of the River Avon, and has long been England's most visited parish church. A Church on the banks of the Avon in Stratford is first mentioned in the charter of 845, signed by Beorhtwulf, King of Mercia. This would have been a wooden construction. It is very likely that the Normans replaced this with a stone building in the 11th century but no trace of either remains. The present limestone building was begun in 1210 and was built in the shape of a cross. The Church is approached along an avenue of lime trees, said to represent the twelve tribes of Israel and the twelve Apostles. The porch is one of the more recent additions to the building (c.1500) and has a room above it reached by narrow spiral stone staircase. There is a small door let into the massive 15th century doors, just big enough to let one person through at a time. On this is a sanctuary knocker. Fugitives from justice (or lynch-mobs) could grab the ring and claim 37 days safety before facing trial. The Crossing is the oldest surviving part of the building. The massive pillars which cut the church in four support the tower. The south transept is the Saint Peter Chapel. In 1331 John, Bishop of Winchester, founded a chantry for five priests in the Thomas Becket Chapel in the south aisle. A 'good stone house' was built close by the Church to accommodate this College of Priests. In 1451 Henry V confirmed the privileges of the College and the Church became styled Collegiate. The Guild of the Holy Cross, a mediaeval trade guild with religious and charitable aims, was formed in 1269 and between 1280 and 1330 provided funds to build the tower and clerestory, and to rebuild the nave with side-aisles. The roof was raised and the clerestory added by the College (see chancel). The Guild was dissolved by Henry VIII, with responsibility for the upkeep of the church falling on the townsfolk. On the closure of the College & Guild by Henry VIII, the church tithes were sold off, which included the responsibility of employing a Priest and looking after the Chancel. In 1605 a share in tithes was purchased by William Shakespeare, which gave him the right of burial in the sanctuary. From the outside, the Church building has changed little from Shakespeare's time: a wooden spire was added in 1675, which was replaced with the present stone one in 1763. Until last century there stood a charnel house to the south of the chancel, where the bones of those exhumed to make room for new graves were laid to rest. The charnel-house, like the College building, has since been demolished.[Wikipedia, Holy Trinity]
 
   
   

1.1.1.2. William Tounsende (s/o Thomas, s/o William),[1] baptised 25/12/1588, St James, Alveston, Co Warwickshire, England.[3,250] Died 1649/1650 & buried 23/1/1649-1650, St James, Alveston, Co Warwickshire, England.[250] Will probated 23/5/1650, William Townsend, Yeoman of Tiddington.[9,250] Dated 23/6/1638-1639 was appointed an overseer of the will of his brother, Thomas.[27] Yeoman, 1650.[9] Married Marie Fakener, 27/6/1620, St James, Alveston, Co Warwickshire, England.[3,250] Mary died 19/12/1669 & buried Holy Trinity, Stratford-upon-Avon, Co Warwickshire, England.[1]
  "Here lieth the Body of Mary Townsend of Tedenton who departed this Life the 19th day of December Anno Dom 1669. The Body of Mr Thomas Hiccox of this Borough, Malster, who married Rebeckah ye daughter of ye above named Mary Townsend and was interred here ye 14th day of March 1705 In the 71st year of his age He was twice Mayor & a Standing Justice about 20 years."[1]  
Resided 1650, 1669, 1670, Tiddington, Stratford-upon-Avon, Co Warwickshire, England.[1,9]

Children of William Townsend & Marie Fakener:

i.
 
Marie Townesende, baptised 24/3/1621, St James, Alveston, Co Warwickshire, England.[3] Died 1633 & buried 19/1/1633, St James, Alveston, Co Warwickshire, England.[3] {The IGI records this death as the d/o Thomas, however Thomas' daughter was still alive in 1638, so is presumably a transcription error}

ii.

Anne Townesende, baptised 8/2/1623-1624, St James, Alveston, Co Warwickshire, England.[3,250]
* iii.

John Townesend, probably born mid 1620s. {Presumed son. See note at 1.2.1}

iv.

Alice Townesende, baptised 28/1/1626-1627, St James, Alveston, Co Warwickshire, England.[3,250] Died 1636 & buried 21/11/1636, St James, Alveston, Co Warwickshire, England.[250]

v.

William Townesende, baptised 7/4/1629, St James, Alveston, Co Warwickshire, England.[3,250] Died 1636 & buried 24/11/1636, St James, Alveston, Co Warwickshire, England.[250]

vi.
Sara Townesende, baptised 11/3/1631-1632, St James, Alveston, Co Warwickshire, England.[3,250] Died 14/3/1670 & buried Holy Trinity, Stratford-upon-Avon, Co Warwickshire, England.[1] "Here lieth the Body of Sarah the daughter of Mr. Willam Townsend of Tiddington who died March ye 14th Anno Dom. 1670. Also the Body of Rebeckah the wife of Mr. Thomas Hiccox senr. of this Borough & Sister of the above said Sarah Townsend, she died January ye 30th 1720 In ye 64th year of her age. And also the Body of Rebeckah the daughter of the above named Thos. & Rebeckah Hiccox who died a maiden 20th Augt 1728 all of whom were in their several Estates of Life Eminent for their Virtues that Adorn the sex, were justly much Admired and beloved by all their Relations and Acquaintances in their Lives, & as much Lamented at their Death."[1] Resided 1670, Tiddington, Stratford-upon-Avon, Co Warwickshire, England.[1]

vii.
Hanna Townesende, baptised 28/12/1634, St James, Alveston, Co Warwickshire, England.[3,250]

viii.
Rebeccah Townesend, baptised 5/11/1637, St James, Alveston, Co Warwickshire, England.[3,250] Died 1638 & buried 31/7/1638, St James, Alveston, Co Warwickshire, England.[250]
* ix.
Rebecca Townesende, baptised 25/11/1639, St James, Alveston, Co Warwickshire, England.[3] Married Thomas Hiccox, 27/11/1667, Holy Trinity, Stratford-upon-Avon, Co Warwickshire, England.[2] Refer to Hiccox chart for additional details & generations.

     
Cottage & Ferry, Tiddington, 1874
Cottage & Ferry, Tiddington, 1874
Photograph - Henry W Taunt
Cottage, School Lane, Tiddington
Cottage, School Lane, Tiddington
Image David P Howard [Geograph]
The Elms Cottage, Tiddington
The Elms Cottage, Tiddington
Image Wolsey Lodges
 "...crossing the rush-fringed stream, now overhung with osiers, wreathed too with the flowering branches of the sweet rose briar, and leaving the ferry boat we land in the broad pasture grounds of Alveston. We see a tower in front, reminding us of a trim, modern gothic church. But that seemed to stare coldly toward the road, and far away from the houses of the village. We therefore naturally enquire, as we approach those nestling dwellings, - Where the old church stood? and find, in out way, the original church-yard, with its graves and gravestones, far from the modem structure, and wholly undisturbed. Not so the church which hallowed it. Of that we find only the lettered floor, now grass-grown ; beyond which occurs a plaistered remnant, newly-tiled and glazed, embodying all that now remains of the original chancel. A curious bas-relief, some three feet long, cut in hard freestone, is preserved among this plaistering at the west; its execution is inexpressibly rude, and the subject, for aught we know, ante-dilurial. For the two fighting monsters moat conspicuous, resemble no class with which we are acquainted in later zoology. Another curious relic is also preserved on the south side. This is semi-circular, of the same material as the last, and rests upon two capitals divested of their pillars ; having originally formed the head of a small doorway. The subjects here are in relief, but the workmanship is somewhat better. There are two strange quadrupeds, gardent as the heralds say, in the upper part ; and below is a female figure, habited in a rich costume, surrounded by rows of bow-knots in conjunction with very involved lacing or cordage."[Illustrated Guide to Stratford-on-Avon (May, 1847)] 
   
   

1.1.1.3. John Townesende (s/o Thomas, s/o William),[4,158,159] baptised 10/3/1595-1596, St James, Alveston, Co Warwickshire, England.[3,250] {Baptism also indexed 12/4/1596.[3,250] Could the earlier date be a birth?} Died 1658 & buried 10/6/1658, St James, Alveston, Co Warwickshire, England.[250] Yeoman, 1630, 1658.[16,250] Will dated 12/6/1658 & probated 3/11/1658, John Townsend of Alveston otherwise Aulston, yeoman, bequeaths clothes to brother Edmund; rest of estate to be divided among brothers Thomas, Edmund and William, sister Katherine Townsend and brother-in-law Thomas Dennett, who sole executor. Witnesses Thomas Townsend, Anne Townsend, Mary Jobe."[250] In 1662 John Townsend, of Alveston, was taxed that year's Hearth Tax Assessment as having 3 hearths in his residence.[250]
  Dated 5/1/1630-1631 was involved with a lease with his brother, Thomas: "Lease [release missing] from Thomas Townsend, Alveston, yeoman, to John Townsend, Alveston, yeoman, for 19 and peppercorn rent of acres meadowground, late the lands of Thomas Brown, in Tiddington on the east side of Tiddington meadow on the west of a close of Thomas Browne and shooting into Mr. [John] Peers hurst on the north."[16]  

Dated 23/6/1638-1639 was named executor and trustee in the will of his brother, Thomas, also named a beneficiary of the estate.[27]

On 27/4/1641 was appointed "Surveyor for ye highwayes for the Towne."[247]
Married Alice.[250] Alice died 1679 & buried 28/8/1679, St James, Alveston, Co Warwickshire, England.[250]
Dated 4/5/1664, "General release from all actions from Alice Townsend, Alveston, widow, to Thomas Townsend, Alveston, yeoman."[157]
In 1665 Alice Townsend, of Alveston, was taxed that year's Hearth Tax Assessment as having 3 hearths in her residence.[250]
In 1666 widdow Townsend, of Alveston, was taxed that year's Hearth Tax Assessment as having 3 hearths in her residence.[250]
In 1670 Alles Townsend, of Alveston, was taxed that year's Hearth Tax Assessment as having 3 hearths in her residence.[250]
In 1673 Ali Townsend, of Alveston, was taxed that year's Hearth Tax Assessment as having 3 hearths in her residence.[250]
In 1674 Alice Townsend, of Alveston, was taxed that year's Hearth Tax Assessment as having 3 hearths in her residence.[250]

Resided 1628/1629, Loxley, Co Warwickshire, England.[249] Resided 1630, Alveston, Stratford-upon-Avon, Co Warwickshire, England.[16] Resided 1634-1649, Stratford-upon-Avon, Co Warwickshire, England.[4,158] Resided 1649, High Street, Stratford-on-Avon, Co Warwickshire, England.[160] Resided 1653, Stratford-upon-Avon, Co Warwickshire, England.[4,158]

Children of John Townsend & Alice:

i.
 
Margaret Townsend.[249] Died 1628/1629 & buried 12/1/1628-1629, St Nicholas, Loxley, Co Warwickshire, England, d/o John.[249]

ii.
Annis Townsende.[249] Died 1629 & buried 28/3/1629, St Nicholas, Loxley, Co Warwickshire, England, d/o John.[249]

iii.
Mercy Townsin, baptised 22/2/1634-1635, Holy Trinity, Stratford-upon-Avon, Co Warwickshire, England.[4,158] Married Edward Hewes, 29/9/1659, St Helen, Clifford Chambers, Co Warwickshire, England.[6]

iv.

John Townsend, baptised 26/5/1636, Holy Trinity, Stratford-upon-Avon, Co Warwickshire, England.[4,158] Died before 1653.[4]

v.

Thomas Townsin, baptised 14/10/1638, Holy Trinity, Stratford-upon-Avon, Co Warwickshire, England.[4,158] Died 1639/1640 & buried 7/2/1639-1640, Holy Trinity, Stratford-upon-Avon, Co Warwickshire, England.[4,159]

vi.

George Townsin, baptised 1/3/1639-1640, Holy Trinity, Stratford-upon-Avon, Co Warwickshire, England.[4,158]

vi.

Thomas Townensend, baptised 30/5/1641, Holy Trinity, Stratford-upon-Avon, Co Warwickshire, England.[4,158]

vii.
Jane Townsend, baptised 11/6/1643, Holy Trinity, Stratford-upon-Avon, Co Warwickshire, England.[4,158] Died 1650 & buried 22/6/1650, Holy Trinity, Stratford-upon-Avon, Co Warwickshire, England.[4,159]

viii.
Mary Townsend, baptised 11/5/1643, Holy Trinity, Stratford-upon-Avon, Co Warwickshire, England.[4,158] Married Richard Moore, 15/4/1661, Holy Trinity, Stratford-upon-Avon, Co Warwickshire, England.[2]
Children: (a)
 
Sarah Moore, baptised 14/9/1662, Holy Trinity, Stratford-upon-Avon, Co Warwickshire, England.[4]
(b)
Elizabeth Moore, baptised 24/2/1664, Holy Trinity, Stratford-upon-Avon, Co Warwickshire, England.[4]
(c)
Robbard Moore, baptised 4/11/1666, Holy Trinity, Stratford-upon-Avon, Co Warwickshire, England.[4]

ix.
Job Townsend, baptised 25/10/1646, Holy Trinity, Stratford-upon-Avon, Co Warwickshire, England.[4,158]

x.
Dorothy Townsend, baptised 13/2/1647-1648, Holy Trinity, Stratford-upon-Avon, Co Warwickshire, England.[4,158] Died 1650 & buried 6/7/1650, Holy Trinity, Stratford-upon-Avon, Co Warwickshire, England.[4,159]

xi.
Alice Townsend, baptised 5/5/1649, Holy Trinity, Stratford-upon-Avon, Co Warwickshire, England.[4,158]

xii.
John Townsend, baptised 26/6/1653, Holy Trinity, Stratford-on-Avon, Co Warwickshire, England.[4]

       
High Street, Stratford-Upon-Avon
High Street, Stratford-Upon-Avon
Image Keith Edkins [Geograph]
High Street, Stratford-Upon-Avon
High Street, Stratford-Upon-Avon
Image Colin Craig [Geograph]
St Helen, Clifford Chambers
St Helen, Clifford Chambers
Image Google StreetView
 Stratford-upon-Avon is a market town and civil parish in south Warwickshire, England. It lies on the River Avon, 35km south east of Birmingham. The town is near the south-west border of the county of Warwick, on a gentle ascent from the banks of the river Avon, which approaches Stratford in a broad and stream. The town is a popular tourist destination owing to its status as birthplace of the playwright and poet William Shakespeare. The Royal Shakespeare Company resides in Stratford's Royal Shakespeare Theatre, one of Britain's most important cultural venues. The name of Stratford is derived from its situation on the great north road, leading from London to Worcester, being a fusion of the Old English strt, meaning "street", and ford, meaning that a Roman road forded the River Avon at the site of the town. The name of the river on which it stands, Avon, is Celtic, and in Welsh, spelt Afon, still denotes river. By the late 7th century a monastry was located on the site that would later become Stratford, possibly on the site of the present day church. In 815 the monastry was granted to Heabert, bishop of Worcester. By 872 the monastry had been abandoned, probably due to oppression from non-Christian authorities. A settlement, which had sprung up around the monastery, remained in the possession of the bishops of Worcester throughout the Saxon era. The Doomsday-book rated Stratford at 'fourteen hides and a half' (about 1500 acres) and was possessed by the bishop of Worcester There was a church, a mill yielding ten shillings per annum, and a thousand eels, but the value of the whole manor was calculated to amount to 25, a not inconsiderable sum. On 25/1/1197 King Richard the First granted a charter for a weekly market to be held in Stratford, from which point Stratford grew as a market town. By 1291 the parish had 140 acres of arable land and many trades were represented, including weavers, tanners, tailors, carpenters, dyers, white-smiths, blacksmiths, wheelwrights, flesh mongers, shoemakers and coopers. The town was formerly under the jurisdiction of a Bailiff, fourteen Aldermen, and fourteen Burgesses, and incorporated in 1553: at which time the ancient Guild of the Holy Cross was dissolved, its possessions, then valued at 46 3s 2.5d per annum, together with tithes of 34, which was used to maintain a vicar, curate and xchool-master, to pay the alms-people their weekly stipend, and repair the Chapel, Bridge, and other public structures. In 1664 the charter was reaffirmed and governance vested in the Corporation, consisting of a Mayor, 12 Aldermen and 12 burgesses, chosen from the principal inhabitants of the borough. The town of Stratford probably grew around the monastery of St. Egwin, on the river bank, and the houses immediately about the church are still known as Old Town. About 1540 John Leland described the town, "the Towne of Stratford standeth upon a plaine Ground on the right Hand or Ripe of the Avon as the Water descendeth. The Bishop of Worcester is Lord of Stratford. It hath 2 or 3 very large Streetes, besides backe lanes. One of the principall Streets leadeth from East to West, another from South to North. There is once a yeare a great Fayre on Holy Rood Daye, 14 of Sept. The Towne is reasonably well builded of Tymbre. The Paroch church is a fayre large Peice of Worke, and standeth at the South Ende of the Towne." During the reign of Elizabeth I, Stratford suffered severely from two destructive fires ; one of which occurred in 1593, and the other in the year following. Destruction was extensive since buildings in the town were chiefly composed of wood, and in many instances roofed with straw or rushes, as many as 200 dwellings were consumed the fires, and losses totalled 20,000, "and so reduced the inhabitants, that the Corporation petitioned Elizabeth, not only for a remission of certain subsidies and taxes granted in her last Parliament, but also to partake of the benefit arising from 30,000 which had been granted by parliament for the relief of decayed cities and towns ... the Queen remitted their subsidies, and granted briefs, impowering them to collect contributions from many of the counties and cities in this kingdom." In 1614 another fire threatened the town, "within the space of less than two hours consumed & burnt fifty & four dwelling houses, many of them being very fine houses, besides barnes, stables & other houses of office, together with great store of corn, hay, straw, wood & timber therein, amounting to the value of eight thousand pounds & upwards: the force of which fire was so great (the wind sitting ful upon the towwne) that is dispersed into so many places thereof, whereby the whole towne was in very great danger to have been utterly consumed." By 1765 the town still only had a population of 2287, rising to 6022 by 1841. The Town Hall, as distinct from the gild-hall, which stands at some distance, was originally erected in 1633, standing on stone pillars with the lower portion occupied as a market, having a gaol at one end, and a pillory at the other. In 1767 it was replaced by the present day building or stone. The present Market-House stands near the site of the old Market Cross. A market House seems to have been first established during the reign of Elizabeth I. The present structure was erected in 1820. The market-place of Stratford still retains its old Saxon name of Rother, or cattle market. The parish of Old Stratford is about fifteen miles in circumfercnce, and includes the villages and hamlets of Welcombe, Clopton, Ingon, Bishopton, Drayton, Dodwell, Shottery, Luddington, Rhyne-Clifford, Little Wilmcote and Bridgetown.[Wikipedia, History and antiquities of Stratford-upon-Avon (Wheler, 1806), Illustrated Guide to Stratford-on-Avon (May, 1847), The Collegiate Church of Stratford-on-Avon (Baker, 1902)]
Clifford Chambers is a village two miles south of Stratford-upon-Avon, Warwickshire. It consists of some 150 houses and the population of the parish in the 2001 census was 418. Until 2004 the village was in its own parish but it is now part of the parish of Clifford Chambers and Milcote. The village was in Gloucestershire until 1931. The River Stour runs along the north-eastern edge of the village. The village claims to be the real birthplace of William Shakespeare as the bubonic plague was rife in Stratford-upon-Avon at the time of the bard's birth and during times of plague Clifford Chambers rectory was used as a refuge. Shakespeare's father's legal advisor also lived in the village. The parish church, St Helens, was built in 1308.[Wikipedia, A Church Near You]
 
   
   

1.1.1.1.1. Thomas Townesende (s/o Thomas, s/o Thomas, s/o William), baptised 1/2/1623-1624, St James, Alveston, Co Warwickshire, England.[3,250] Died 31/1/1678-1679, St James, Alveston, Co Warwickshire, England.[250] Will of Thomas Townsend of Alveston, yeoman, dated 15/11/1678 & probated 25/2/1678-1679.[29]
"Thomas' will appoints his sons-in-law, William Sambach of Broadway, Worcestershire, yeoman and Thomas Halford, of Halford, yeoman, and his friend John Higgins, of Alveston, yeoman, as trustees and executors. To trustees: 1/2 yard land recently bought of William Walton, late of Alveston, deceased, other lands purchased of said Walton by deed 14 October 1654; with terrier affixed, enclosed ground called 'Dunstall, medow land 'The Ham' and 1/2 yard land in open fields settled to uses . By deed 14 Jan to John Higgins to use of Townsend and heirs. Upon trust: when eldest son Edward is 21 to raise 150. Trusts to be equally divided between son Mathias Townsend and daughter Elizabeth Townsend. The Ham and Dunstalls are mortgaged to William Gibson, Shottery, gentleman, for 150, if debt paid from personal estate then trustees to raise 100 from those lands equally for Mathias and Elizabeth, payable when son Edward is 21. If Mathias or Elizabeth die unmarried, then 10 of their share of 150 stays with Edward, 10 each to daughters Dorothy Halford and Judith Sambach and residue to survivor of Mathias and Elizabeth. If son Edward pays said legacies within six months of attaining 21, then trustees to convey premises to him. To son Mathias: goods in the parlour, viz: joined bedsted with green curtains and valance, a ring, 2 blankets, a feather bed, a flock bed, with bolsters and pillows, 2 joined chairs, a table board, 6 joined stools, a court cupboard etc., a pair of flax sheets, a pair of hemp sheets, 2 brass pots in the small beer buttery, a brass pan and the smallest brass kettle. To daughter Elizabeth: white rug, a piece of white cloth to make curtains and valance for a bed, 6 cushions not made up; one pair flax sheets, one pair hemp sheets; all the hempen jersey and wool in the house. To son Edward: residue of household goods (except corn, malt, bacon and cheese); Lands in trust (as above). Residue of personal estate including crops to trustees to pay debts; to pay 20 to apprentice son Mathias; residue as marriage portion for Elizabeth but to be abated from her share of trust.To daughters Dorothy Halford & Judith Sambach: 20 shillings each. To sons-in-law William Sambach and Thomas Halford: 6/8d for ring. To grandchildren: William and Judith Sambach and Thomas and Dorothy Halford: 10 shillings each. Proved at Hampton Lucy."[250]
Yeoman, 1657, 1664, 1669, 1678.[29,121,147] Gentleman, 1675, 1676.[85,136,137,157] In 1662 Thomas Townsend, of Alveston, was taxed that year's Hearth Tax Assessment as having 3 hearths in his residence.[250] In 1665 Thomas Townsend, of Alveston, was taxed that year's Hearth Tax Assessment as having 3 hearths in his residence.[250] In 1666 Thomas Townsend, of Alveston, was taxed that year's Hearth Tax Assessment as having 3 hearths in his residence.[250] In 1670 Thomas Townsend, of Alveston, was taxed that year's Hearth Tax Assessment as having 3 hearths in his residence.[250] In 1673 Mr Thomas Townsend, of Alveston, was taxed that year's Hearth Tax Assessment as having 3 hearths in his residence.[250] In 1674 Mr Townsend, of Alveston, was taxed that year's Hearth Tax Assessment as having 3 hearths in his residence.[250]
  In the will of his father, dated, 12/3/1638-1639, was granted " To eldest son Thomas: furnace, brewing vessells, cupboards, 'broches' and dripping pans, hogsheads, barrels and implements in buttery, joined table and frame in the hall, one table and frame; a joined bedsted, featherbed and bolster, with all furnishings for same in lower chamber."[28]  

Dated 10/7/1648, "Terrier [record of property holding] of Thomas Townsend's land in Alveston and Tiddington."[55,250]

Dated c.1650, "Terrier of yard land of Thomas Townsend in Alveston and Tiddington to be conveyed to John Higgins in trust for said Thomas Townsend."[13,250]

On 8/6/1657 Thomas, his sister Alice & others sold a property in Stratford-on-Avon, "Deed of sale by Alice Bellamy, the younger, of Stratford upon Avon, widow of John Bellamy, Thomas Townesend of Alveston, yeoman, Robert Fitzhugh of Stratford, yeoman, and Richard Jackson of Stratford, baker, to Richard Phillipps of Stratford, painter, for 70 paid to Alice Bellamy and 1 to the rest, of a messuage, etc. in the tenure of Bridget Washbrooke, widow, in Chappell Street, between land the inheritance of Hugh Taylor, in the occupation of Edward Hercules Taylor on the south and land of the Bailiff etc. of Stratford in the occupation of Richard Smith, on the north. Counterpart, signed, with seal. Witnesses: Joseph Phillipps, Samuel Phillipps, John Philles, Richard Baker. With bond enclosed from Richard Phillipps to Alice Bellamy to perform covenants, dated 8/6/1657, witnesses as before."[147]

Dated 14/10/1657 bought land in Alveston and Tiddington from William Walton: "Conveyance by William Walton, Alveston, yeoman, to Thomas Townsend, Alveston for 75 of half share of half yard land in common fields in Alveston and Tiddington, of which Walton and Townsend were jointly seized. Schedule. 10/6/1653 Indenture tripartite between William Walton and Mary his wife, Thomas Walton, Alveston, yeoman, father of William and said Thomas Townsend, Thomas Randoll, London, John Holmes, Henley-in-Arden, farmer and John Walton, Alveston, yeoman."[43,250]

Dated 1/4/1663, "Conveyance and counterpart by Thomas Townsend, Alveston, yeoman to Thomas Hare, Uxbridge, Middx. (son of Thomas Hare late of Alveston, deceased) for 35 of messuage and appurtenances in Alveston with barn, orchard and garden formerly in occupation Thomas Hare, deceased, now of Alice Hare, spinster."[101,250]

Dated 3/4/1663, "Mortgage and counterpart of same premises by Thomas Hare, Uxbridge, Middx., to Thomas Townsend, Alveston, gent., to secure 15 to Townsend and 10 to Townsend in trust for John Hare, Alice Hare, Sarah Hare and Jone wife of William Duning, children of Thomas Hare late of Alveston, deceased."[77,250]

Dated 4/5/1664, "General release from all actions from Alice Townsend, Alveston, widow, to Thomas Townsend, Alveston, yeoman."[157,250]

Dated 20/2/1664-1665, "Covenant by Mark Parker, of Stratford upon Avon, gent., to save harmless Thomas Townesend, of Alveston, Co. Warw., gent., his trustee for the purchase from Samuel Ayleworth and Thomas Ayleworth of a term of yeares in a farm in Loxley, co. Warw. With note at the foot that part of the said farm was conveyed at the same time to Daniel Collwell, alderman of London, in trust for Edward Nash."[30]

Dated 20/1/1665-1666, "Receipt from Thomas Townsend, Alveston, gent. (the mortgagee), to Richard Lord, Tiddington, husbandman, for 5.18s.0d, part of the purchase price of premises in Alveston."[52,250]

Dated 22/10/1666, "Receipt from Alice Hare, Tiddington, spinster to Thomas Townsend, trustee, for 2.10s.0d."[49,250]

Dated 11/12/1666, "Receipt from Katherine Palmer [wife of Henry] to Thomas Townsend [her brother] for 400 from Arthur Moore for the use of Henry Palmer."[250]


Dated 17/3/1666-1667, "General release from Anne Townsend, Alveston, spinster to Thomas Townsend, Alveston, yeoman, her brother."[74]

Was sole executor of the will of his sister, Anne, dated 4/2/1668-1669, in which he was granted the residual of her estate.[109]

Dated 8/4/1668, "Bond from Mathias Vint in 500 to save harmless Thomas Townsend in respect of premises in Upper Eatington and Fulready assigned to said Townsend by lease dated 14 November 1654 by Henry Gibbes and Margaret his wife (formerly Underhill) the lessees, of which premises Vint has acquired the freehold inheritance."[250]


Dated 16/7/1668, "Receipt from Alice Bellamy to her brother Thomas Townsend for 10 part of 20 legacy under the will of their sister Anne Townsend, deceased, of which Thomas is executor."[250]


Was bequeathed 20/- in the will of his nephew, Thomas Palmer, dated 24/7/1668; was also bequeathed 10 on behalf of Thomas' brothers, to apprentice one of them.[95]

Dated 17/9/1668, "Receipt from Mary Palmer to Thomas Townsend for 18/- for 12 lbs tobacco supplied by her late husband Thomas Palmer."[250]


Dated 18/9/1668, a receipt "From Mary Palmer to Thomas Townsend for 18/- for 12 lbs tobacco supplied by her late husband Thomas Palmer."[80,250]

Dated 18/9/1668, a receipt "From Katherine Palmer to her brother, Thomas Townsend, Alveston for 4 part legacy under will of their sister Anne Townsend."[80]

Dated 25/3/1669, "Receipt from Alice Bellamy, Stratford-upon-Avon, widow to her brother Thomas Townsend, Alveston, gent., for 20 legacy under will of sister Ann Townsend."[121,250]

Dated 6/10/1669, "Receipt from Mary Palmer to Thomas Townsend for 18."[250]


Dated 7/6/1671, "Receipt from Hannah and Katherine Palmer to their uncle Thomas Townsend for pair hempen sheets and two pewter dishes each under the will of their aunt Ann Townsend."[250]


Dated 1/7/1671, "Receipt from Katharine Palmer to Thomas Townsend for 4 part legacy under will of her sister Ann Townsend."[250]


Dated 8/11/1672, "Receipt from Katharine Palmer to Thomas Townsend for 4 final part of 20 legacy under will of their sister Anne Townsend."[250]


Dated 8/11/1672, "Receipt from Katharine Palmer to Thomas Townsend for 4 final part of 20 legacy under will of their sister Anne Townsend."[250]


Dated 3/6/1675, "Declaration of uses to a recovery made between William Halford the elder of Halford, gent., and Thomas Townsend of Alveston, gent., of the first part, William Gibson of Shottery, gent., of the second part, and Thomas Halford of Halford, son and heir of Thomas Halford late of Halford, deceased, of the third part, reciting no. ER 3/2320, that a messuage with orchard, garden, backside, barns and inclosures thereto belonging called Upper Close and Lower Close situate in Halford in the occupation of Thomas Halford, a cottage with barn and appurtenances late in the tenure of Stephen Cox and then in the tenure of Thomas Halford aforesaid, and three yard lands of arable meadow and pasture in the common fields of Halford then in the tenure of Thomas Halford, should enure to the use of Thomas Halford, his heirs and assigns for ever. Witnesses: Thomas Samon, Thomas Hodgkins, William Higgins, Francis Barnard junior, Thomas Ainge and Henry Izod."[85]

On 22/12/1675 was named as a trustee in the marriage settlement of Thomas Higgins & Elizabeth Canninge, "Marriage Settlement of Thomas Higgins the younger, Stratford-upon-Avon, yeoman, and Elizabeth Canninge, Todenham, Glos., spinster. In consideration of her marriage portion of 140, Higgins settles upon trustees (Thomas Townsend, Alveston, yeoman, John Freeman, Todenham, yeoman, and Edmond Gibbes, Stretton-on-Fosse, yeoman) premises in Rother Market in occupation Leonard Timbrell and Elizabeth Jakeman, widow, to use of Thomas Higgins for life, then Elizabeth with subsequent entail on male heirs."[93]

Dated 14/7/1676, "Agreement between Richard Bartlett of Old Stratford, dyer, and John Bartlett his son and heir apparent of one part and Thomas Townsend of Alveston, gent. (reciting that Richard Bartlett or John Bartlett was entitled in fee simple of a certain copyhold messuage with appurtenances in Church Street, in the tenure of William Morris and that it had been agreed that the said Richard and John should settle the said premises on Thomas Townsend as trustee of Mary Handy, spinster, in contemplation of a marriage to be solemnised between John Bartlett and Mary Handy) that the said Richard and John Bartlett convey to Thomas Townsend the said premises to the use of the heirs of the bodies of the said John and Mary and in default of such issue to the use of the right heirs of John Bartlett. Witnesses: William Gibson, Joseph Round and Henry Izod."[136]

Dated 25/2/1678-1679, "Inventory of the goods of Thomas Townsend of Alveston, yeoman, deceased. Taken by Thomas Hiccox and Thomas Higgins and exhibited in the Peculiar Court of Hampton Lucy."[250]

Married Judith Evnite, 18/8/1648, St James, Alveston, Co Warwickshire, England.[3,250] Jude died 1669 & buried 3/4/1669, St James, Alveston, Co Warwickshire, England.[250]
  Marriage Settlement, dated 10/8/1664, of "Thomas Townsend the younger, son and heir of Thomas Townsend the elder of Alveston, yeoman and Judith Unett, spinster. Trustees John Unett, Clathercott, Oxon., gent., brother of Judith and John Halford, Armscott, Worcs., gent., whereby Thomas Townsend the elder, in consideration of 300 marriage portion of Judith Unett, settled lands in Alveston on his son, Judith and their heirs male and to raise annuity of 13. 6s. 8d.jointure. Detailed terrier with occupiers."[105,250]  
Judith was bequeathed 20 and a black gowne, one neck scarf 'in recompense of her great paines, care and love bestowed upon me' in the will of her sister-in-law, Anne Townsend, dated 4/2/1668-1669.[109] Resided 1650, Tiddington, Stratford-upon-Avon, Co Warwickshire, England.[13] Resided 1657, 1664, 1665, 1669, 1675, 1676, 1678, Alveston, Stratford-upon-Avon, Co Warwickshire, England.[29,30,43,85,121,136,147,157]

Children of Thomas Townsend & Judith Evnite:

i.
 
Marie Townesend, baptised 15/7/1649, St James, Alveston, Co Warwickshire, England.[3] Died infancy.

ii.

Dorathie Townesend, baptised 29/3/1651, St James, Alveston, Co Warwickshire, England.[3] Was bequeathed 6 cushions, one chest & 3 blankets in the will of her aunt, Anne Townsend, dated 4/2/1668-1669.[109] Married Thomas Halford, 9/4/1675, St James, Alveston, Co Warwickshire, England.[3]
  Marriage settlement dated 11/9/1675, "Settlement, with counterpart, following the marriage of Thomas Halford of Halford, yeoman, son and heir of Thomas Halford late of the same place, deceased, and Dorothy his then wife, one of the daughters of Thomas Townsend of Alveston, gent., for 180 paid as a marriage portion, whereby Thomas Halford conveyed to William Halford the elder of Halford, gent., and Thomas Townsend the premises described in no. ER 3/2321; to hold as for and concerning the said cottage with appurtenances formerly in the tenure of Charles Cox, the barn adjoining and the close called Upper Close, and one yard land and a half or half moiety of three yard lands of arable meadow and pasture (as it was then divided and set forth in a schedule thereto) together with a half moiety of all commons etc. appurtenant thereto, to the use of Thomas Halford for life and then to the said Dorothy for life, with remainder to the heirs of Thomas Halford by the said Dorothy; as to and concerning the messuage with gardens, stable, barns etc. with the close called Lower Close and half a yard land or a third part of the other moiety or half part of the said three yard land, together with a proportionate part of the commons belonging to the said three yard lands (as set out in a schedule thereto), to the use of Thomas Halford for life with remainder to the use of the heirs of the body of the said Thomas Halford by the said Dorothy, his wife; and, as to and concerning the one yard land residue of the said three yard lands, to the use of the said Thomas Halford and his heirs for ever. Witnesses: William Gibson, William Higgins, Nicholas Harris, Thomas Hodgkins."[137]  
Children: (a)
 
Thomas Halford, baptised 22/9/1678, St Mary's, Halford, Co Warwickshire, England.[6]
(b)
Thomas Halford, baptised 29/8/1677, St Mary's, Halford, Co Warwickshire, England.[6]
(c)
Judith Halford, baptised 23/11/1679, St Mary's, Halford, Co Warwickshire, England.[6]
(d)
Richard Halford, baptised 17/1/1681, St Mary's, Halford, Co Warwickshire, England.[6]
(e)
Maria Halford, baptised 21/10/1683, St Mary's, Halford, Co Warwickshire, England.[6]
(f)
Joanna Halford, baptised 9/9/1693, St Mary's, Halford, Co Warwickshire, England.[6]

iii.

Judith Townesende, baptised 18/12/1652, St James, Alveston, Co Warwickshire, England.[3] Was bequeathed one joined chair, one dozen spoons, one pair of sheets & one table cloth in the will of her aunt, Anne Townsend, dated 4/2/1668-1669.[109] Dated 25/3/1669, "Receipt from Mary Palmer to Judith Townsend for 1.16s.0d."[250]

iv.

Sara Townesend, baptised 12/11/1654, St James, Alveston, Co Warwickshire, England.[3] Was bequeathed one pair of sheets, one pair of pillowcases & one candlestick in the will of her aunt, Anne Townsend, dated 4/2/1668-1669.[109]

v.

Thomas Townesend, baptised 31/8/1656, St James, Alveston, Co Warwickshire, England.[3] {Probably died young - Thomas Sr's younger son inherited his estates (Edward, below)} Was bequeathed one table board and frame, 6 joined stools & one press cupboard in the will of his aunt, Anne Townsend, dated 4/2/1668-1669.[109]

vi.
Elizabeth Townesend, baptised 9/1658, St James, Alveston, Co Warwickshire, England.[3] Died 1659 & buried 17/5/1659, St James, Alveston, Co Warwickshire, England.[250]

vii.
Elizabeth Townesend, baptised 28/7/1661, St James, Alveston, Co Warwickshire, England.[3]
  Was bequeathed one tablecloth, one brass pot & one candlestick in the will of her aunt, Anne Townsend, dated 4/2/1668-1669.[109]  

Dated 12-13/9/1683, "Settlement (with counterpart) on the marriage of Arthur Rowney of Halford, gent., to Elizabeth Townsend of Halford, spinster, youngest daughter of Thomas Townsend, late of Alveston, gent., deceased and sister to Edward Townsend of the same, gent., being a conveyance from Arthur Rowney to the said Edward Townsend and Thomas Mansell the younger of Shipston-on-Stour, mercer, for 380, of his mansion house with appurtenances in Halford, a close adjoining called Conygree containing three acres, a meadow called Parking Close (one acre) a close called Elmeholt (two acres) and three yardlands with appurtenances (being part of four yardlands belonging to the said messuage); to the use of Arthur Rowney for life and after his death to the use of Elizabeth his wife for life for jointure with remainder to use of the heirs of Arthur Rowney by the said Elizabeth. Witnesses: Jo. Vinte, Edmund Mason, William Knibb."[128]
Married Arthur Rowney, 1683.[96]
  Marriage settlement dated 12-13/9/1683, "Lease and release (with counterparts) being a further settlement on the marriage of Arthur Rowney of Halford, gent., and Elizabeth Townsend sister of the said Edward Townsend of Alveston, gent., whereby Arthur Rowney, for 380, conveyed to Edward Townsend and Thomas Mansell the younger of Shipston-on-Stour mercer, his one yard land of arable meadow and pasture (theretofore parcel of four yardland purchased by Arthur Rowney of Philip Gardner and Mary his wife), lying in the common fields of Halford and specified in a schedule thereto, a cottage in the occupation of Henry Allibone and another in the occupation of William Boyes (which two cottages were also purchased by Arthur Rowney of Philip Gardner), and houses in Coventry Street and Worcester Street, Kidderminster, co. Worcs., therein particularly described, to hold in trust for Arthur Rowney for life with remainder in trust; as to the property in Halford, to maintain the eldest son of the said Arthur Rowney and Elizabeth until he should reach 21 years; and, as to the residue of the above property, for the maintenance of the younger children of the said Arthur Rowney and Elizabeth his wife until they attained 21 years; and, if the said Arthur Rowney and Elizabeth his wife should have no male issue, then, as to the whole property, in trust for all their daughters equally for their maintenance until 21 years of age and in case there should be but one issue left (either male or female) begotten of the bodies of the said Arthur and Elizabeth, then in trust for the maintenance of that child until 21 years of age; and after all such issue had attained 21 years, to hold in trust to sell the said hereditaments and dispose of the premises as directed by the will of Arthur Rowney. With proviso giving power to the said eldest son of the marriage to purchase the said hereditaments. Witnesses: Jo. Vinte, Edmund Mason and William Knibb."[96]
 
Resided 1683, Halford, Co Warwickshire, England.[128]
Children: (a)
 
Thomas Rowney, baptised 6/4/1684, St Mary's, Halford, Co Warwickshire, England.[6]
(b)
Elizabeth Rowney, baptised 18/4/1686, St Mary's, Halford, Co Warwickshire, England.[6]
(c)
Hanna Rowney, baptised 11/12/1687, St Mary's, Halford, Co Warwickshire, England.[6]
(d)
William Rowney, baptised 30/3/1690, St Mary's, Halford, Co Warwickshire, England.[6]
*
viii.
Edward Townesend, baptised 19/6/1663, St James, Alveston, Co Warwickshire, England.[3]

ix.
Matthias Townesend, baptised 9/9/1664, St James, Alveston, Co Warwickshire, England.[3]

x.
Marie Townesend, baptised 11/9/1664, St James, Alveston, Co Warwickshire, England.[3] Died before 1683 (older sister, Elizabeth, was referred to as 'youngest daughter').[128] Was bequeathed one sett of blue curtains and vallance with a counterpane and cupboard cloth, one pair hempen sheets & one pair flax pillowcases in the will of her aunt, Anne Townsend, dated 4/2/1668-1669.[109]

xi.
John Townesend, baptised 9/5/1666, St James, Alveston, Co Warwickshire, England.[3] Died 1666 & buried 11/7/1666, St James, Alveston, Co Warwickshire, England.[3]

   
St Mary's, Halford
St Mary's, Halford
Image John Holmes [Geograph]
Manor house, Halford
Manor house, Halford
Image Google StreetView
Queen Street, Halford
Queen Street, Halford
Image Google StreetView
 Halford is a small village and civil parish in the English county of Warwickshire, 11 km south-east of Stratford-on-Avon. By the River Stour are the earthworks and buried remains of Halford Castle, a motte castle believed to be the predecessor of the present manor house.[Wikipedia]
"Halford, or Halford-Bridge, a parish and a subdistrict in Shipston-on-Stour district, Warwick. The parish lies on the river Stour, 4 miles north of Shipston-on-Stour, and 8 NE of Moreton-on-the-Marsh railway station; and its post town is Shipston-on-Stour. Acres, 1, 010. Real property, 1, 698. Pop., 314. Houses, 77. The property is subdivided. The name was originally Aldford, meaning Oldford; and alluded to a ford here over the Stour. The living is a rectory in the diocese of Worcester.. Value, 240. Patron, the Bishop of Worcester. The church was recently restored.[Imperial Gazetteer, 1872]
St Mary's, Halford, comprises a 12th century nave, with a chancel, aisle & tower dating to the 13th century. There is extensive use of grey lias rubble work, also some shell bearing limestone and red sandstone. The church was restored in 1862 and again in 1883. The Romanesque north doorway is said to be the finest in Warwickshire. Halford is not mentioned in the Domesday Survey, however Kenilworth Priory has some rights - in 1247 the Bishop of Worcester obtained the right of advowson, with the consent of Kenilworth, in return for a pension. The church continued with Worcester until 1919 when it was transferred to the new diocese of Coventry.[Corpus of Romanesque Sculpture, British Listed Buildings] The Halford Manor House dates to the 16th century, with 17th & 20th century additions. Built of timber-frame and finely regular jointed coursed limestone rubble with a steeply pitched red tile and stone slate roof. The early part of the building consists of a ground floor of regular coursed limestone rubble and an upper floor of close studded timber-frame and plaster.[British Listed Buildings]
 
   
    

1.1.1.2.1. John Townesend (s/o William, s/o Thomas, s/o William), probably born mid 1620s. Died 1663 & buried 5/9/1663, St James, Alveston, Co Warwickshire, England.[250] {John's parentage is unknown, however he appears in numerous records connected with the family of Thomas (1.1) & would almost certainly appear to be a close relative of Thomas (1.1.1). Thomas (1.1.1) had brothers John, Edward & William. Thomas' will does not mention a son named John and since the will lists all known surviving children, this would seem to preclude him from being the father of John. Edward's son, John, died 1658 with a will leaving all property to his siblings, making no mention of a wife or issue, suggesting he was single. John Sr had two sons named John, the first presumably died young and the later born in the 1650s. That leaves William as the sole candidate. Note there is a gap in William's children between 1623-1626, which would neatly fit with John's marriage in 1648. Further, Edward, John & Richard all left the Alveston-Tiddington area, William & Thomas being the only brothers to stay. William settled at Tiddington, Thomas at Alveston. Descendents of John had connections with Tiddington, further strengthening the connection with William} Married Ursula Walford, c.1648.[35] Marriage settlement dated 1648, Ursula of Warwick, Co Warwickshire, England.[35]

Children of John Townsend & Ursula Walford:

i.
 
Anne Townesend, baptised 19/3/1651, St James, Alveston, Co Warwickshire, England.[3]

ii.

Alice Townesend, baptised 23/10/1653, St James, Alveston, Co Warwickshire, England.[3] Married Thomas Wootten, 12/8/1680, Holy Trinity, Stratford on Avon, Co Warwickshire, England.[2]
Children: (a)
 
Thomas Wooton.[156] Died 1716, Stratford on Avon, Co Warwickshire, England.[156] Will proven 1/4/1716.[156] "Thomas Wooton, Stratford upon Avon, baker, mentions - my nephew and godson John Higgins son of my brother-in-law John Higgins of Tiddington, yeoman, by my sister Mary - aunt Elizabeth wife of Henry Freeman - Kinsman Margaret wife of my cousin Joseph Freeman - aunt Hewins, widow-sister-in-law Mrs Catherine Sowtham - dear friend and mistress Mrs Lucy Watts, daughter of Mr Brounker Watts - aunt Mary Higgins, widow - good friend Mr Thomas Woolmer - father-in-law Mr Thomas Sowtham - my kinsman Mr William Weeley and Ann his wife - uncle Henry Freeman - kinswoman Elizabeth Whittaker Wellesbourne - kinsman Thomas French (under age) son of my aunt Margaret French, widow - godson William Stanley, (under age) - Mr Joseph Freeman at the Beare in Bridgetown (Trustees + executors loving uncle John Townsend, Alveston - friend Richard Bartlett, Stratford upon Avon, apothecary) My sister Mary - kinsman and servant William Dide. Witnesses - Edward Ainge, Richard Lord, William Dide. Proved in Stratford upon Avon Peculiar."[156]
(b)
Mary Wootten.[156] Married John Higgins,[156] 10/2/1712, St James, Alveston, Co Warwickshire, England.[3] Yeoman.[156] Resided Tiddington, Co Warwickshire, England.[156]
Children: (1)
 
John Higgins,[156] baptised 15/12/1713, St James, Alveston, Co Warwickshire, England.[3]
(2)
Wooton Higgins, baptised 7/2/1715, St James, Alveston, Co Warwickshire, England.[3]
(3)
Thomas Higgins, baptised 6/9/1717, St James, Alveston, Co Warwickshire, England.[3]
(4)
William Higgins, baptised 10/4/1719, St James, Alveston, Co Warwickshire, England.[3]
(5)
Mary Higgins, baptised 4/5/1722, St James, Alveston, Co Warwickshire, England.[3]
* iii.

John Townsende, baptised 24/2/1660, St James, Alveston, Co Warwickshire, England.[3]

   
   

1.1.1.1.1.1. Edward Townesend (s/o Thomas, s/o Thomas, s/o Thomas, s/o William), baptised 19/6/1663, St James, Alveston, Co Warwickshire, England.[3] Yeoman, 1684.[17] Gentleman, 1683, 1691, 1697, 1698, 1700, 1706, 1710, 1711, 1712, 1714, 1715, 1722.[5,12,21,60,61,68,73,79,82,87,107,126,128]
  Dated 12-13/9/1683, "Settlement (with counterpart) on the marriage of Arthur Rowney of Halford, gent., to Elizabeth Townsend of Halford, spinster, youngest daughter of Thomas Townsend, late of Alveston, gent., deceased and sister to Edward Townsend of the same, gent., being a conveyance from Arthur Rowney to the said Edward Townsend and Thomas Mansell the younger of Shipston-on-Stour, mercer, for 380, of his mansion house with appurtenances in Halford, a close adjoining called Conygree containing three acres, a meadow called Parking Close (one acre) a close called Elmeholt (two acres) and three yardlands with appurtenances (being part of four yardlands belonging to the said messuage); to the use of Arthur Rowney for life and after his death to the use of Elizabeth his wife for life for jointure with remainder to use of the heirs of Arthur Rowney by the said Elizabeth. Witnesses: Jo. Vinte, Edmund Mason, William Knibb."[128]  

On 9/2/1689-1690 was a witness to the transfer of the lease on a property in Henly Street, Stratford, between Thomas Sowtham, William Challonger & Edmond Perkes.[27]

On 16-17/10/1691 Edward aquired property & assets from Thomas Halford in settlemnt of debts, "Conveyance by lease and release from Thomas Halford of Halford, yeoman, to Edward Townsend of Alveston, gent., for the purpose of paying debts owing by him to the several persons mentioned in a schedule thereto, of the premises described in no. ER 3/2321; to hold in trust to satisfy the said debts out of the rents and profits during the life of Thomas Halford and thereafter, as to and concerning one yard land parcel thereof not limited as jointure to Dorothy, wife of the said Thomas, to the use of Edward Townsend and his heirs for ever; and moreover, the said Thomas Halford granted to the said Edward Townsend all his goods and chattels thereinafter mentioned, namely all his ploughs, wagons, corn, grain and hay etc., upon trust for sale, subject to a proviso for redemption. Witnesses: John Higgins, Elizabeth Rowney, Edmund Perks and William Pomerton."[126]

Dated 13/5/1697, "Bond by Thomas Halford of Halford, yeoman, Elizabeth Rowney of Halford, widow, and Edward Townsend of Alveston, gent., to Richard Bromley of Stratford-upon-Avon, mantler, in the penal sum of 400, to secure the payment by the said Thomas Halford, Elizabeth Rowney and Edward Townsend of 200 to Richard Bromley before 14 November next ensuing. Witnesses: Elias Web, Thomas Capp, N. Mason and Joseph Hunt."[87]

Dated 10/6/1697, "Mortgage, with counterpart, from Thomas Halford of Halford, yeoman, and Dorothy his wife, to Elizabeth Rowney of Halford, widow, and Edward Townsend of Alveston, gent., (reciting that Elizabeth Rowney and Edward Townsend, at the request of Thomas Halford and jointly with him and in respect of his debts were by two bonds bearing dates 1 May 1697 and 3 May 1697, bound to Mary Archer of Langley, spinster, for 140 4s. 0d on each bond, and by another bond, dated 13 May 1697 were bound to Richard Bromley of Stratford-upon-Avon, maltster, for 206, and that Edward Townsend with Thomas Halford, by bond dated 15 November 1690, were bound to Sir William Bishopp of Bridgetown, Knight, for 20 and that the said Elizabeth Rowney with the said Thomas Halford were bound to Thomas Harris of Idlicote, yeoman) for the purpose of indemnifying the said Elizabeth Rowney and Edward Townsend, of the house in which he dwelt at Halford together with a close of one acre adjoining and one yard land in his occupation more particularly described in a schedule thereto, for a term of 500 years. Witnesses: Thomas Capp and N. Mason."[107]

Dated 30/6/1698, "Lease from Harvey Broughton, Rector of Bishops Hampton, to Edward Townsend and Thomas Heiron junior, gents., and John Higgins, John Townsend and Richard Hastings, yeomen, all of Alveston, of his tithes of corn, grain and wool issuing out of the common fields of Alveston and Tiddington, for four years at a yearly rent of 110. Witnesses: William Preston and William Wright (by his mark)."[61]

Dated 3/4/1700, bought land in Alveston from Frances Lord, "Conveyance by Frances Lord, Alveston, widow to Edward Townsend Alveston, gent., for 30 of messuage and appurtenances in Alveston, with barn, orchard and garden in tenure of Samuel Curtis and Frances Lord. With bond to observe covenants of even date."[60]

On 10/10/1702 leased property in Halford from from Thomas Halford, "Declaration of the uses of a fine between Thomas Halford of Halford, yeoman, and Dorothy his wife, of the one part, and Edward Townsend of Alveston, gent., and Elias Webb of Sherborne, gent., of the other part, whereby for the purpose of settling premises therein mentioned it was covenanted that Thomas Halford and Dorothy his wife would levy a fine to Edward Townsend and Elias Webb upon a cottage in Halford, late in the possession of Jonathan Shepherd and William Higgins and then in possession of Thomas Halford; a parcel of enclosed land called Upper Close containing one and a half acres adjoining the said cottage, also in the possession of Thomas Halford; and one yard land lying dispersed in the common fields of Halford more particularly described in a schedule thereto; which fine should enure to the use of Edward Townsend and Elias Webb for 99 years in trust for the said Thomas Halford and his heirs. Witnesses: Thomas Farr and Nathaniel Mason."[125]

Dated 16/5/1706, "General release and quitclaim by Henry Hall, Stratford-upon-Avon, skinner, John George, Stratford-upon-Avon, maltster and Ann his wife, John Harbett alias Milward, Stratford-upon-Avon, tailor and Elizabeth his wife, Robert Staples, Great Alne, carpenter and Mary his wife, to Edward Townsend, Alveston, gent."[79]

On 1/9/1706 Mary Hiron & William Walker sold "half yard land [and] meadow ground and premises in Alveston and Tiddington" to Edward: Assignment by Mary Hyron, Tiddington, widow, formerly Walker ne Ainge (daughter and heir of William Ainge of Alveston, yeoman, deceased) and William Walker, St. Nicholas, Warwick, husbandman (son and heir of Mary Hyron) to Edward Townsend, Alveston, gent., for 126.9s.0d of half yard land, meadow ground and premises in Alveston and Tiddington, for remainder of term of 1984 years granted by lease dated 19/6/1647. Original lease from Thomas Baker, Alveston, yeoman to William Ainge, Alveston, yeoman for 1984 years of half yard land in fields of Alveston and Tiddington in occupation Thomas Lord, being part of yard land bought by Thomas Browne from Edward Lane and Mary his wife and Richard Bishop and Mary his wife, together with two thirds acre meadow in Tiddington Meadow, also part of said three quarter yard land. Enclosed is terrier 1702 of half yard land belonging to Mary Hirons, taken by Thomas Baker, tenant."[5]

On 18/4/1707 was a witness to the will of Sarah Rowney late of Alveston, spinster.[108]

Dated 25/5/1709, "Assignment of Mortgage by Demise for 2,000 Years of [a] cottage and quartern of one yardland from John Smith of Alveston, son of John and Joan, Katherine Baylis of Walton, Warws., a daughter of John and Joan Smith, Richard Blackford of [Leek] Wootton, Warws. and his wife Anne (nee Smith), to Edward Townsend of Alveston, for a sum of 40."[67]

On 3/2/1709-1710 presented in the Peculiar Court of Hampton Lucy an estate inventory of assets of Richard Hastings late of Alveston, deceased.[70]

Dated 5/10/1710, "Quitclaim: Samuel Preston of Tamworth co. Warwick yeoman to Elias Webb of Lapworth gent., Edward Townsend of Alveston gent., and Katherine Ingram of Sherborne widow :- all claims, actions and demands."[80]

Dated 6-7/9/1711, "Mortgage by lease and release from Thomas Halford the elder of Halford, gent., and Dorothy his wife, and Thomas Halford the younger of the city of London, chandler (eldest son and heir apparent to the said Thomas Halford the elder and Dorothy his wife), with the consent of their trustee, Elias Webb of Sherborne, gent., to Edward Townsend of Alveston, gent. (for 298 and in consideration of the indemnifying of Edward Townsend from the following sums due from Thomas Halford the elder; namely, to Richard Bromley 200; to Thomas Harris 20; to Hugh Brawn 20; to Widow Burlingham 10; in all amounting to 250, in which sum the said Edward Townsend was jointly bound with Thomas Halford to the said creditors) of a messuage then divided into two parts occupied by Thomas Halford and Francis Horne, two closes called Upper Close and Lower Close adjoining the said messuage, and one yard and a half lands in  he common fields of Halford described in a schedule thereto. Witnesses: Hugh Wright, Jane Halford (by her mark) and Nathaniel Mason."[106]


Dated 8/9/1711, "Bond by Thomas Halford the elder of Halford, gent., and Thomas Halford the younger of London, chandler, to Edward Townsend of Alveston, gent., in the penal sum of 1000 to observe the covenants [previously] declared. Witnesses: Hugh Wright, Jane Halford (by mark) and Nathaniel Mason."[68]

In 1712 was overseer & trustee of the will of John Ladbrooke of Tiddington & Alveston, yeoman, will dated 10/5/1712 & proven 11/7/1712.[41]

Dated 18/1/1711-1712, was requested in the will of John Canning of Upper Eattington to "settle any differences arising from the will out of court."[142]

Dated 21/4/1712, Edward Townsend of Alveston & John Smith of Alveston and his wife Alice, Katherine Baylis of Walton, and Richard Blackford of [Leek] Wootton and his wife Anne, transferred to Charles Southam of Loxley, Warws., a Mortgage by Demise for 2,000 Years, for the consideration of 40 for Edward's share.[135]

Dated 8/5/1712, "Faculty from the Bishop of Worcester to Edward Townsend, Alveston, gent., to erect a gallery in Alveston Church."[133]

Dated 8/1/1714, "Bond by Thomas Halford, yeoman, and Edward Townsend of Alveston, gent., to Anne Hewing of Toddenham, co. Glos., widow, in the penal sum of 200, the condition being the payment by Thomas Halford and Edward Townsend, before 8 July next, to the said Anne Hewing of 102.10s.0d. Witnesses: Edward Hewing, John Hewing and Thomas Mander."[84]

Dated 28/2/1714-1715 leased land in Alveston to Richard Newcomb, "Counterpart lease from Edward Townsend, Alveston, gent., to Richard Newcomb, Stratford-upon-Avon, carrier, for 12 years at 9.10s.0d per annum of Dunstall Close and the Ham, being 7 acres in all in Alveston."[73]

Dated 25-26/3/1715, a lease between Edward & his son, Thomas, for land in Alveston & Tiddington: "Conveyance by lease and release by Edward Townsend, Alveston, gent. and Elizabeth his wife to Thomas Townsend, Alveston, gent., son and heir of said Edward and Elizabeth, of messuage in Alveston in which Edward lives together with 2 cottages in Alveston in occupation Thomas Plumb and John Bolding and several lands, viz: Alveston Meadow, Cotnam alias Cotman Meadow, Leachmore Meadow, Tiddington Close, the Hurst and the Butt Close; meadow in The Hamm in occupation Richard Newcomb, plus 4 yard lands in common fields of Alveston and Tiddington in occupation Edward Townsend."[19] And dated 28/3/1715, "Lease and counterpart, with bond to perform covenants, from Thomas Townsend, Alveston, gent. son and heir of Edward, to said Edward Townsend and Elizabeth his wife, of premises as above, for 99 years if Edward and Elizabeth so long live, at peppercorn rent, to secure payment by Thomas to Edward and Elizabeth of annuity of 60 payable quarterly."[94]

On 23/1/1721-172 2 was a witness to a land sale between Raphael Horseman & Nathaniel Mason.[26]

Dated 15/3/1721-1722, "Bond from William Hastings to Edward Townsend in the penal sum of 400 to repay 205 by 16 September next according to the terms of an indenture of even date made between the said parties."[146]

In 1722 bought a property in Alveston & Tiddington from William & Hanna Hastings: "Indenture of fine, levied at Westminster in Easter Term 8 George I, between Edward Townsend, gentleman, plaintiff, and William Hastings and Hannah his wife, deforciants, of a messuage, two barns, a stable, garden, and orchard, 30 acres of land, 2 acres of meadow, 30 acres of pasture and six acres of heath in Alveston and Tiddington. Consideration: 60."[21]
Married Elizabeth Webb,[12,58] 1684.[17]
  Marriage settlement dated 10/10/1684, "Post nuptial settlement to determine jointure, being deed to lead to the uses of a fine, between Edward Townsend of Alveston, yeoman, and Elizabeth his wife (formerly Webb, one of the daughters of Thomas Webb alias Morrell, late of Sherbourne, yeoman, deceased) and Elias Webb alias Morrell of Sherbourne, yeoman (son, heir and executor of said Thomas Webb, deceased). Reciting receipt of 700 by Edward and Elizabeth, being her legacy under the will of her said father and intent to settle lands by way of trust upon Elias Webb to use of Edward Townsend for life, with remainder to Elizabeth for life, then to their lawful heirs or in default to the right heirs of Edward. Lands: (i) Messuage, barns, stables, gardens, orchard and appurtenances; (ii) Cottage and appurtenances; (iii) Closes of land and meadow called Alveston Meadow, Cotnam alias Cotman Meadow, Letchmore Meadow, the Ham, Tiddington Close, The Hurst, the Butt Close; (iv) 4 yard lands arable and pasture. All in Alveston and Tiddington. Enclosed: Foot of fine Michaelmas 1684 between Elias Webb alias Morrell, plaintiff and Edward Townsend and Elizabeth his wife, deforciants, in re 2 messuages, one cottage, 3 tofts, 5 gardens, 2 orchards, 140 acres land, 30 acres meadow, 30 acres pasture and 2 acres woods, 10 acres common."[17]  
Elizabeth d/o Thomas Webb alias Morrell, late of Sherbourne, yeoman, deceased.[17] On 18/4/1707 Elizabeth & her husband, Edward, were witnesses to the will of Sarah Rowney late of Alveston, spinster.[108] Resided 1683, 1684, 1691, 1697, 1698, 1705, 1706, 1709, 1710, 1711, 1715, Alveston, Co Warwickshire, England.[5,12,17,19,61,67,68,79,82,87,107,126,128]

Children of Edward Townsend & Elizabeth Webb:
* i.
 
Thomas Townsend, baptised 15/4/1685, St James, Alveston, Co Warwickshire, England.[3]

ii.

Edward Townsend, baptised 4/5/1687, St James, Alveston, Co Warwickshire, England.[3] Gentleman, 1719, 1721, 1726.[113,114,118]
  Dated 29/9/1719, "Bond from Nathaniel Mason of Stratford-upon-Avon to Edward Townsend of Mickleton, co. Glos., gent., and Richard Bartlett of Stratford-upon-Avon, apothecary, in the penal sum of 2,000 to keep the covenants described in nos. ER 3/2364-5. Witnesses Thomas Townsend and Mary Townsend."[113]  

On 29/9/1719 Edward was appointed one of the trustees of the marriage settlement between Nathaniel Mason & Elizabeth Rowney.[117]

On 13-14/10/1719, as one of the trustees of the marriage settlement of Elizabeth Rowney, sold a parcel of land to Richard Bartlett & Thomas Townsend, his brother, which was co-witnessed by Thomas' wife, Mary, "Lease and release (with counterpart release) being a further settlement on the marriage of Elizabeth Rowney of Halford, spinster, sole daughter and heir of Arthur Rowney, late of Halford, gent., deceased, to Nathaniel Mason of Stratford-upon-Avon, gent., whereby Elizabeth Rowney and Edward Townsend of Mickleton, co. Glos., and Thomas Mansell of Shipston-on-Stour, mercer (as trustees) conveyed to Thomas Townsend of Alveston, gent., and Richard Bartlett of Stratford-upon-Avon, apothecary, the premises described in nos. ER 3/2297-2300; to hold to the uses described in no. ER 3/2311. Witnesses: Joseph Hunt, junior, John Smith, Mary Townsend & John Baker."[115] Also recorded, with other details: "Lease and release (with counterpart release) being a settlement on the marriage of Nathaniel Mason of Stratford-upon-Avon, gent., and Elizabeth Rowney of Halford, spinster, sole daughter and heir of Arthur Rowney late of Halford, gent., deceased, whereby Nathaniel Mason, in consideration of the marriage portion which he was to have with the said Elizabeth, granted to Edward Townsend of Mickleton, co. Glos., gent., and Richard Bartlett of Stratford-upon-Avon, apothecary, his one yard land and a half of arable meadow and pasture in the common fields of Old Stratford, Welcombe and Bishopton, then or late in the occupation of Mark Noble and lately purchased by Nathaniel Mason of Frances Combe, widow of John Combe of Saintbury, co. Glos. deceased; to hold to the use of Nathaniel Mason for life, with remainder to the use of Elias Webb the elder of Sherborne, gent., and Joseph Freeman of Bridge-Town, in Old Stratford, innholder, in trust to the use of Elizabeth Rowney for her life and then to the use of such child or children of the said Nathaniel Mason begotten on the body of the said Elizabeth Rowney as he, Nathaniel Mason, should by deed or by will appoint, or in default of such direction, to the use of the first and other sons of the intended marriage successively in tail male, with remainder in default of such issue, to the use of all the daughters of the said intended marriage equally. Covenant by Nathaniel Mason to levy a fine of the said premises to the uses and trusts thereinbefore recited. Witnesses: Thomas Townsend, Mary Townsend."[116]

Dated 6-7/3/1721-1722, "Conveyance by lease and release from Thomas Halford of Halford, yeoman, and Dorothy his wife, with the consent of Edward Townsend of Mickleton, co. Glos., gent., to Nathaniel Mason of Stratford-on-Avon, gent., (reciting nos. ER 3/2343-4 and that the several debts payable by Thomas Halford of 20 to Thomas Harris, 20 to Hugh Brawn esq. and 10 to Widow Burlingham, had been paid, and that Thomas Halford had also paid to Edward Townsend 257, part of a debt of 298, but that Edward Townsend had paid a debt of 200 owing to Richard Bromley for Thomas Halford so that Thomas Halford then owed the said Edward Townsend 241) for 429 paid to Thomas Halford and Dorothy his wife and 241 paid to Edward Townsend, of the premises described in nos. ER 3/2343-4, the messuage then divided into three parts and in the possession of Thomas Halford, Richard Webb, Francis Horne and William Boyse, the two closes called Upper and Lower Close then planted with cherry trees and in the occupation of Thomas Halford, and one yard land and a half described in a schedule thereto in possession of Richard Webb. Witnesses: Henry Sheward, Thomas Townsend, William Wilcox and Edmund Brooke."[119]

Dated 14/3/1721-1722, "Mortgage by lease and release (release missing) from William Hastings late of Alveston and now of Old Stratford, yeoman, and Hannah his wife, to Edward Townsend of Mickleton, co. Glos., gentleman, of the premises described in no. 42."[114]

On 1/5/1725 Edward Townsend of Mickleton, Glos paid 400 to Mary Townsend of Alveston, widow of Thomas, and 5/- to Thomas Fulford of Tiddington and his wife Ann for the assignment of a "Mortgage by Demise for 1,000 Years", the mortgage on which Thomas Townsend (deceased) had aquired on 1/5/1722.[144]

On 1/6/1726 William Hastings paid 200 to Edward Townsend, discharging the mortgage of a property in Alveston tennanted by Thomas Townsend, "Conveyance by lease and release from William Hastings of the Hill in Bridgetown in Old Stratford, yeoman, and Hannah his wife, to Thomas Hiron of Alveston, gentleman, for 270 paid to them and for a further 200 to be paid to Edward Townsend of Mickleton, co. Glos., gentleman, to discharge a mortgage on the premises, of a messuage and 1 yardlands in Alveston and an acre of meadow in Tiddington Meadow, in the tenure of Thomas Townsend. Covenant to levy a fine in favour of Robert Stanley of Alveston, yeoman, on behalf of Thomas Hiron."[118]
Resided 1719, 1721, 1726, Mickleton, Co Gloucestershire, England.[113,114,118]

iii.

Elizabeth Townsend, baptised 25/12/1689, St James, Alveston, Co Warwickshire, England.[3]

iv.

Mary Townsend, baptised 9/9/1692, St James, Alveston, Co Warwickshire, England.[3]

v.

Ann Townsend, baptised 20/11/1695, St James, Alveston, Co Warwickshire, England.[3]

vi.
Judith Townsend, baptised 29/10/1698, St James, Alveston, Co Warwickshire, England.[3] Married William Bruce Kenwrick, 14/2/1726, St James the Great, Idlicote, Co Warwickshire, England.[6]

vii.
Hanna Townsend, baptised 8/6/1705, St James, Alveston, Co Warwickshire, England.[3]
  Dated 2/9/1735, "Copy conveyance by lease and release (lease missing) See no 872, by way of pre-nuptial settlement and for the discharging the debts of John Higgins, from John Higgins of Tiddington in Alveston, gent., to Thomas Webb of Sherbourne, esq., in consideration of an intended marriage between the said John Higgins and Hannah Townsend of Alveston, spinster, of a messuage and malthouse in Henley Street, Stratford-upon-Avon, now in the tenure of Thomas Southern, together with 4 ridges of arable land in the common fields of Old Stratford, belonging to the said messuage and in the tenure of William Dyde; all which premises and lands were devised to the said John Higgins by Thomas Wootton late of Stratford, baker, deceased; to hold to the intent that after the said marriage is solemnized, the said Thomas Webb shall sell the premises and dispose the money to discharge the debts of the said John Higgins, any surplus to be paid over to the said John Higgins: in the interim, all rents and profits to be used by Webb towards discharging the debts, and if all are discharged before the sale, then the premises to be reconveyed to Higgins. Witnesses: Mary Farr, Thomas Townsend."[153]  

Dated 2/9/1735, an 'Assignment of Mortgage By Demise for 1,000 Years and in Fee by way of Marriage Settlement' from Hannah Townsend of Alveston, executrix of Edward Townsend (her father) to Thomas Webb of Sherbourne, Warwickshire of a messuage in Tiddington which Thomas Townsend Jr had previously aquired 1-2/5/1722, for a consideration of 600 paid to Hannah & 5/- paid to John Higgins of Tiddington; with the note "Recital: 1/5/1722 mortgage; 13/12/1727 mortgage in fee by way of appointment, made for 94 by John Adams sen. and John Adams Jr. (both of "Wilmeston" (i.e. Wimpstone), Warws.) with Hannah Townsend; for a messuage and yardland in Wimpstone; 20/3/1731 further charge of 26 upon the Wimpstone premises by John Adams (Jr) to Hannah Townsend; Hannah Townsend's entitlement to 80 in the hands of Thomas Webb and Thomas Rees (of Langley, Warws.) as guardians of the late Thomas Townsend's sons Edward and William; John Higgins' impending marriage with Hannah Townsend; Hannah Townsend's marriage-portion being represented by 600, which is the total of the mortgage-principals; and that 300 thereof should discharge J. Higgins' debts."[151]
Married John Higgins,[3] 1735.[62] Marriage Settlement, Higgins to Townsend, 2/9/1735, "Lease and release for the marriage settlement between John Higgins and Hannah Townsend. Between John Higgins of Tiddington, Alveston, gentleman on the first part and Thomas Webb of Sherborne, Warwickshire on the second part. Property: Messuage and malthouse in Henley Street in the occupation of Thomas Southern and four lands in the common fields of Stratford upon Avon belonging to the said messuages, now in the occupation of William Dyde, all of which lands were disposed of through the will of Thomas Wooton."[62]
Children: (a)
 
Elizabeth Higgins, baptised 9/1736, St James, Alveston, Co Warwickshire, England.[3] Died 1778 & buried 9/5/1778, St James, Alveston, Co Warwickshire, England.[3] Did not marry.[3]
(b)
Mary Higgins, baptised 1/1737, St James, Alveston, Co Warwickshire, England.[3] Married William Mayo, 18/7/1769, St James, Alveston, Co Warwickshire, England.[3] Died before 1797.[162] Rector of Brington, Northamptonshire, England.[162]
Children: (1)
 
Thomas Mayo, baptised 1771, St John, Coventry, Co Warwickshire, England.[6]
(2)
William Mayo, baptised 12/6/1774, St Nicholas, Warwick, Co Warwickshire, England.[6] Died 1801 & buried 8/8/1801, Brington, Northamptonshire, England.[162] Esquire.[162]
(3)
Ann Mayo, baptised 3/3/1776, St Nicholas, Warwick, Co Warwickshire, England.[6] Died 1797 & buried 10/3/1797, Brington, Northamptonshire, England.[162]
(4)
Job Mayo, baptised 24/5/1778, St Nicholas, Warwick, Co Warwickshire, England.[6]
(c)
John Higgins, baptised 22/11/1740, St James, Alveston, Co Warwickshire, England.[3]
(d)
Anne Higgins, baptised 20/4/1742, St James, Alveston, Co Warwickshire, England.[3]
(e)
Hannah Higgnes, baptised 16/8/1744, St James, Alveston, Co Warwickshire, England.[3]
(f)
John Higgins, baptised 22/5/1746, St James, Alveston, Co Warwickshire, England.[3]
(g)
Edward Townsend Higgins, baptised 12/11/1749, St James, Alveston, Co Warwickshire, England.[3] Died c.1812.[130] Will probated 26/3/1812, Edward Townsend Higgins, Gentleman of Alveston.[130] Gentleman, 1778, 1794, 1798, 1809, 1812.[88,129,130,176,178]
  Dated 28/4/1778, "Thomas Smith of Broadway, co. Worc., gent., nephew and devisee named in the last will of Richard Smith, late of Stratford-upon-Avon, gent., deceased to Edward Townsend Higgins of Bridgetown, in the parish of Alveston, gent., covenants for the production of title deeds to lands in Stratford-upon-Avon: a schedule of nine deeds appears at foot commencing 1/12/1684 and ending 24/3/1749. Witnesses: Edward Cotterill, Thomas Hunt."[88]  

Dated 27-28/9/1790, "Lease and release by John Payton, Stratford-upon-Avon, (only son and heir of John Payton, innholder) his trustees (Charles Pestell, Stratford-upon-Avon, surgeon, John Whateley, Chadshunt, gent. and Edward Townsend Higgins, Bridgetown, gent.) and his mortgagee Samuel Wright, Shipston-on-Stour, Worcs., to William Barke, Stratford-upon-Avon, innholder, for 180."[140]

Dated 22/2/1793, description of a property owned by Edward & previously owned by Esward Townsend, Esq, "Deed of assignment, in trust for the benefit of creditors by John Heritage, S/A, butcher, to Charles Pestell, S/A, surgeon and Thomas Halford, Old Stratford, gent., [including] Personal effects, household goods and all farming stock and tools on farm at Alveston rented by said John Heritage of Edward Townsend, esq., and Edward Townsend Higgin."[98]

In 1794, "From Richard Williams of Clopton, esq., to James Watkins of Stratford-upon-Avon, butcher, and Edward Townsend Higgins of Bridgetown, gent., of two closes at Clopton."[178]

Dated 12/2/1798, "Lease from Charles Boothby Clopton of Clarges Street, Piccadilly, co. Middx., esquire, to Edward Townsend Higgins of Bridgetown in Alveston, gentleman, of a messuage in Old Stratford with 109 acres of farmland belonging thereto, divided into 12 closes called Hunts Great Ground, Twines Ground, Hunts Barn Ground, Hunts Hanging Ground, Barrets Barn Ground, Barrets Middle Ground, Long Ground, Rushbrook Meadow, Milwards Hanging Ground, Clent Gate Ground, Dove Bank and House Ground, for 21 years at an annual rent of 180."[129]

Dated 20/6/1803, "Reversion of Manors of Bridgetown and Rhyne Clifford with farms, viz: 213 acres in occupation Joseph Smith; 58 acres in occupation late John Lancaster; 114 acres (Edward Townsend Higgins); 55 acres (William Bache); 19 acres (late Mr. Arnold)."[177]

Dated 1/1/1809, "Abstract of lease from Edward Clopton, Piccadilly, Middx., to Edward Townsend Higgins, Bridgetown, gent., of farm house and 163 acres land [named]; cottage in Gospel Elm ground and meadow on east side of Avon called Great Meadow; 4 closes [named] in Old Stratford being 52 acres. For various terms at various rent."[176]
Married Mary Higgins, 8/5/1790, St Martin, Birmingham, Co Warwickshire, England.[6] Resided 1788, 1794, 1798, 1809, Bridgetown, Alveston, Co Warwickshire, England.[88,129,176,178] Resided 1812, Alveston, Co Warwickshire, England.[130]
Children: (1)
 
Edward Townsend Higgins, baptised 3/3/1791, St James, Alveston, Co Warwickshire, England.[3]
(2)
Hannah Townsend Higgins, baptised 13/9/1793, St James, Alveston, Co Warwickshire, England.[3]
(3)
Louisa Townsend Higgins, baptised 16/10/1794, St James, Alveston, Co Warwickshire, England.[3] Dated 24/12/1856, "Agreement by Louisa Higgins of Leamington Priors, spinster, for lease to William Henry Child, late of Woolley Firs, Maidenhead, now of Leamington."[174] Resided 1856, Leamington Priors, Co Warwickshire, England.[174] Did not marry.[174]
(4)
John Townsend Higgins, baptised 22/1/1797, St James, Alveston, Co Warwickshire, England.[3] Died 1848 & buried 22/11/1848, St James, Alveston, Co Warwickshire, England (57yo).[3] Will dated 15/2/1843 & proved 1849.[175] Esquire, 1834.[174]
  Dated 30/6/1820, "Abstract lease from John Clopton to Edward Townsend Higgins of eleven closes of land at Bridgetown on the east side of the Shipston Road, formerly in tenure Joseph Walker, deceased. For 13 years at 191 p.a."[100]  

Dated 1/8/1834, "Draft lease from Edward Townsend Higgins of Montague Street, Russell Square, co. Middx., esq., to Lady Marianne Mordaunt of Walton, widow, of a tenement and land at Tiddington. Enclosures, including an agreement for land, 1836."[174]
Resided 1834, Montague Street, Russell Square, London, England.[174]
(5)
Maryann Higgins, baptised 13/7/1792, St James, Alveston, Co Warwickshire, England.[3]

   
St Lawrence, Mickleton
St Lawrence, Mickleton
Image Google StreetView
Medford House, Mickleton (1694)
Medford House, Mickleton (1694)
Image David Stowell [Geograph]
St James the Great, Idlicote
St James the Great, Idlicote
Image James Yardley [Geograph]
 Mickleton, with a population of 1551 in 1991, is the northernmost village in Co Gloucestershire, and lies close to the county border with Worcestershire and Warwickshire, 8 miles south of Stratford-upon-Avon. Meon Hill, scene of the so called 'witchcraft' murder of Charles Walton, lies to the north of the village. Meon Hill is said to have provided inspiration for Tolkien's 'Weathertop' from The Lord of the Rings. Mickleton is at the far northern end of the steep scarp which marks the western edge of the Cotswold Hills. The village is at the foot of the scarp, where the hills fall away into the Vale of Evesham. Mickleton was the scene of Brunel’s infamous ‘Battle of Mickleton Tunnel' (1852), considered the last pitched battle to be fought between private armies in England. The village still has a Post Office, general food store, traditional butcher, garage and farm shops: it has two pubs, The King’s Arms (right) and The Butcher’s Arms. The Three Ways House Hotel is home of the world famous Pudding Club. The parish church of St Lawrence stands on gently rising ground near the center of the village and at the edge of the fields which sweep up the scarp of the Cotswold Hills. There has been a church on the site since at least 960 when King Edgar gave the patronage of Mickleton to Brithnotus. The oldest parts of the present church are Norman, dating to the 12th century: It has been considerably altered since then.[Wikipedia, Mickleton]
Idlicote is a village in Warwickshire. The Domesday Book records that there were 29 "Heads of Families", indicating a population of perhaps 120-150. Before the Norman Conquest the Manor belonged to the Saxon families of Anegrin and Ordec. William I accepted the surrendered lands and gave them to Robert de Stafford. Ownership the lands eventually passed to the Canons of Kenilworth Priory, who in turn had to surrender them to Henry VIII at the time of the Dissolution of the Monasteries. By 1567 it has passed into the hands of the Underhill family, where it remained until 1755. The parish church, St James the Great, is Norman and Early English, with later additions. It is located away from the village, in the grounds of the manor house. The list of Rectors goes back to1301, and there has been a church on this site since at least 1200. Inside the church remains almost the same as it did in the eighteenth century. The walls of the nave are 12th Century, with a Norman doorway which dates from around 1200.  The chancel was rebuilt in the second half of the 13th century and the south aisle was added at the same time. The west gallery was inserted in the seventeenth century, and the south chapel was built in the latter part of the same century as a mortuary chapel for the Underhill family.[West Gallery Churches, Geograph]
 
   
   

1.1.1.2.1.1. John Townsende (s/o John, s/o William, s/o Thomas, s/o William), baptised 24/2/1660, St James, Alveston, Co Warwickshire, England.[3] Died 1717.[139] Will dated 4/8/1717, inventory dated 23/8/1717, probated 27/11/1717, John Townsend of Alveston yeoman.[139] Yeoman, 1698, 1717.[61,139]
  Dated 30/6/1698, "Lease from Harvey Broughton, Rector of Bishops Hampton, to Edward Townsend and Thomas Heiron junior, gents., and John Higgins, John Townsend and Richard Hastings, yeomen, all of Alveston, of his tithes of corn, grain and wool issuing out of the common fields of Alveston and Tiddington, for four years at a yearly rent of 110. Witnesses: William Preston and William Wright (by his mark)."[61]  

On 9/11/1715 John was appointed one of the trustees & executors of the will of Thomas Wooton, wherein John was described as Thomas Wooton's "loving uncle", the will was probated 1/4/1716.[156]
Married unknown. Resided 1698, 1715, 1717, Alveston, Co Warwickshire, England.[61,139,156]

Children of John Townsend:

i.
 
John Townsend, baptised 3/10/1695, St James, Alveston, Co Warwickshire, England.[3] Died infancy.
*
ii.

Thomas Townsend, baptised 11/12/1697, St James, Alveston, Co Warwickshire, England.[3]

iii.

John Townsend, baptised 2/6/1699, St James, Alveston, Co Warwickshire, England.[3]

   
   

1.1.1.1.1.1.1. Thomas Townsend (s/o Edward, s/o Thomas, s/o Thomas, s/o Thomas, s/o William), baptised 15/4/1685, St James, Alveston, Co Warwickshire, England.[3] Died between 26/3/1725 (will) & 1/5/1725 (wife described as a widow).[39,144] Will dated 26/3/1725,[39] probated 3/6/1725,[145] & finalised 7/2/1743-1744,[39] Thomas Townsend of Alveston, gentleman.[39,145] Thomas' will directs that he "be buried in parish church of Alveston. To eldest son Thomas: household goods, plate, boards & right of inheritance to messuage and 4 lands in Mickleton, plus yard land in Alveston purchased by father from Widow Hiron and now in occupation Thomas Baker of Tiddington. To [his] wife Mary: use of household goods for life or second marriage. To [his] younger sons Edward and William, [the] residue of personal estate equally. Edward & William appointed executors. [His] Wife Mary, brother-in-law Thomas Lees, Langley, gent. and Thomas Webb, Sherborne, gent. appointed Trustees and guardians of will."[39] {The delay in the probate of Thomas' will was presumably because his surviving son was named executor, but was an infant when Thomas died and in fact did not become 'of age' until the 1740s, when Thomas' will was finally probated} Gentleman, 1712, 1713, 1714, 1715, 1719, 1722, 1725.[19,39,50,86,94,115,127,1454]
  On 6/2/1712-1713 was appointed a co-trustee in the marriage settlement between John Higgins & Mary Ladbrooke, "Articles of Agreement between John Higgins, Tiddington, gent., Mary Ladbrooke, Tiddington, widow, Thomas Townsend, Alveston, gent., and Thomas Wootton, Stratford-upon-Avon, baker, being a marriage settlement between Higgins and Ladbrooke whereby, in consideration of monetary and moveable estate to value of [...] to which Mary Ladbrooke is entitled, Higgins settles upon Townsend and Wootton as trustees his house and lands in Tiddington, viz: The Wheate Close, The Wheate Close Leys, the Lotts and Lords Lotts together with 12 yard lands in common fields to the use of John Higgins and Mary his intended wife successively for their lives and then to the heirs of their body, with further provision for settlement of 300 by will of John Higgins to sole use of Mary if he predecease her and power for her to dispose of same sum by will if she predecease husband."[154]  

Dated 20/1/1714-1715, "Bond for fulfilment of an agreement between Robert Hiron of Halford, yeoman and Thomas Townsend of Alveston, gent., in 200 concerning a marriage to take place between the above Robert Hiron and Jane Halford, one of the daughters of Thomas Halford of Halford."[86]

Dated 25-26/3/1715, a lease between Thomas & his father, Edward, for land in Alveston & Tiddington: "Conveyance by lease and release by Edward Townsend, Alveston, gent. and Elizabeth his wife to Thomas Townsend, Alveston, gent., son and heir of said Edward and Elizabeth, of messuage in Alveston in which Edward lives together with 2 cottages in Alveston in occupation Thomas Plumb and John Bolding and several lands, viz: Alveston Meadow, Cotnam alias Cotman Meadow, Leachmore Meadow, Tiddington Close, the Hurst and the Butt Close; meadow in The Hamm in occupation Richard Newcomb, plus 4 yard lands in common fields of Alveston and Tiddington in occupation Edward Townsend."[19] And dated 28/3/1715, "Lease and counterpart, with bond to perform covenants, from Thomas Townsend, Alveston, gent. son and heir of Edward, to said Edward Townsend and Elizabeth his wife, of premises as above, for 99 years if Edward and Elizabeth so long live, at peppercorn rent, to secure payment by Thomas to Edward and Elizabeth of annuity of 60 payable quarterly."[94]

On 29/9/1719 Thomas & his wife, Mary, were witnesses to a bond between Nathaniel Mason, Edward Townsend & Richard Bartlett.[113]

On 13-14/10/1719, Thomas' brother, Edward, as one of the trustees of the marriage settlement of Elizabeth Rowney, sold a parcel of land to Richard Bartlett & Thomas Townsend, which was co-witnessed by Thomas' wife, Mary, "Lease and release (with counterpart release) being a further settlement on the marriage of Elizabeth Rowney of Halford, spinster, sole daughter and heir of Arthur Rowney, late of Halford, gent., deceased, to Nathaniel Mason of Stratford-upon-Avon, gent., whereby Elizabeth Rowney and Edward Townsend of Mickleton, co. Glos., and Thomas Mansell of Shipston-on-Stour, mercer (as trustees) conveyed to Thomas Townsend of Alveston, gent., and Richard Bartlett of Stratford-upon-Avon, apothecary, the premises described in nos. ER 3/2297-2300; to hold to the uses described in no. ER 3/2311. Witnesses: Joseph Hunt, junior, John Smith, Mary Townsend & John Baker."[115] Also recorded, with other details: "Lease and release (with counterpart release) being a settlement on the marriage of Nathaniel Mason of Stratford-upon-Avon, gent., and Elizabeth Rowney of Halford, spinster, sole daughter and heir of Arthur Rowney late of Halford, gent., deceased, whereby Nathaniel Mason, in consideration of the marriage portion which he was to have with the said Elizabeth, granted to Edward Townsend of Mickleton, co. Glos., gent., and Richard Bartlett of Stratford-upon-Avon, apothecary, his one yard land and a half of arable meadow and pasture in the common fields of Old Stratford, Welcombe and Bishopton, then or late in the occupation of Mark Noble and lately purchased by Nathaniel Mason of Frances Combe, widow of John Combe of Saintbury, co. Glos. deceased; to hold to the use of Nathaniel Mason for life, with remainder to the use of Elias Webb the elder of Sherborne, gent., and Joseph Freeman of Bridge-Town, in Old Stratford, innholder, in trust to the use of Elizabeth Rowney for her life and then to the use of such child or children of the said Nathaniel Mason begotten on the body of the said Elizabeth Rowney as he, Nathaniel Mason, should by deed or by will appoint, or in default of such direction, to the use of the first and other sons of the intended marriage successively in tail male, with remainder in default of such issue, to the use of all the daughters of the said intended marriage equally. Covenant by Nathaniel Mason to levy a fine of the said premises to the uses and trusts thereinbefore recited. Witnesses: Thomas Townsend, Mary Townsend."[116]

Dated 13-14/10/1719, "Lease and release (with counterpart release) being a further settlement on the marriage of Elizabeth Rowney of Halford, spinster, sole daughter and heir of Arthur Rowney, late of Halford, gent., deceased, to Nathaniel Mason of Stratford-upon-Avon, gent., whereby Elizabeth Rowney, in consideration of a jointure settled upon her by nos. ER 3/2307-8, conveyed to Thomas Townsend of Alveston, gent., and Richard Bartlett of Stratford-upon-Avon, apothecary, the premises described in no. ER 3/2295; to hold to the use of the said Elizabeth for life, with remainder to the use of Nathaniel Mason for life, and then to Elias Webb the elder of Sherborne, gent., and Joseph Freeman of Bridge Town in Old Stratford, innholder, in trust to preserve remainders as described in no. ER 3/2303. Covenant by the said Elizabeth to levy a fine of the said premises to Thomas Townsend and Richard Bartlett to the uses therein before limited. Witnesses: Mary Townsend [Thomas' wife] and John Baker."[127]

In 1720 was one of the commissioners listed in the "draft printed Act to inclose the common-field of Lighthorne, and a common called Lighthorne Musters, in the county of Warwick."[92]

In 1721 Thomas Townsend Sr (he had a younger cousin also living in Alveston) bought property in Alveston from William Ostler & Thomas Fulford, "Transaction to Thomas Townsend sen., querent, from William Ostler, and Thomas Fulford with wife Ann, deforciants, of one messuage, one cottage, one garden, one orchard, 100a. land, 30a. meadow, 30a. pasture, 50a. champion in pas. of Alveston and Tiddington."[120]

Dated 1721 [Quindene of Easter, 8 George I] a Final Concord between Thomas Townsend Sr, querent, and William Ostler, and Thomas Fulford with wife Ann, deforciants, from Ostler & Fulford to Townsend of one messuage, one cottage, one garden, one orchard, 100acres land, 30acres meadow, 30acres pasture, 50acres champion in pasture of Alveston and Tiddington.[250]


Dated 1/5/1722, "Thomas Fulford of Tiddington, Alveston pa. and William Eborall of Warwick, bound to Thomas Townsend Sr of Alveston for payment of 410 1/11/1722 according to the terms of an indenture of even date."[42]

Dated 6/9/1722, "Lease from William Hastings of Bridgetown, yeoman, to Thomas Townsend of Alveston, gentleman, of a messuage and 1 yardlands in Alveston and an acre of meadow in Tiddington meadow, in the tenure of William Hastings, and common of pasture for 8 cows, for 21 years at an annual rent of 16."[50]

On 25/3/1724 commissioned a survey by John Garfield, "Survey by John Garfield for use of Thos. Townsend of Alveston Warks. in 4 grounds within lordship of Farthingho Northhamptonshire, in tenure of Mr. Walford of Greatworth Nhant: Total acreage 58a. 1r. 26p. Topographical detail. Also account of ploughmens' work and workpeople; latter gives acreage held, land work - which appears to be money paid for work done, bread & cheese subtracted, amount due for paymount."[99]
Married Mary Lees, 1715.[12]
  Marriage settlement dated 30/9/1715-1/10/1715, "Settlement upon the marriage of Thomas Townsend, Alveston, gent., (son and heir of Edward Townsend of the same, gent. and Elizabeth his wife) to Mary Lees, one of the daughters of Rev. Thomas Lees, Wolverton. Trustees: Elias Webb alias Morrell, Sherborne, gent. (in re lands in Mickleton), Thomas Lees, Wolverton, clark, Thomas Webb, alias Morrell, Sherborne, gent. (son and heir of said Elias). In consideration 600 paid by Thomas Lees and further 400 secured to be paid after his death. Townsend and Webb settle lands to trustees to uses: (i) Messuage in Alveston in occupation Thomas & Edward Townsend. (ii) 2 cottages etc. in occupation Thomas Plumb and John Bolding. (iii) Various lands in meadows and open fields of Alveston and Tiddington (as above), excluding Dunstalls in occupation Richard Newcomb. (iv) Messuage and appurtances in Mickleton with 5 acres enclosed ground called Stratford Leys, 6 acres called Hunks Walk in occupation John Spier. (v) 2 closes in Mickleton called Two grounds at Marston Gate (18 acres) in occupation John Webb. In Trust Re premises in Alveston: rent, charge of 18 payable half yearly to Edward Townsend for life with remainder to wife Elizabeth if she survive him. Annuity of 50 p.a. payable to Mary Lees if she survive Thomas Townsend in lieu of dower. In trust, if default of male issue of Thomas & Mary leaving daughters to raise marriage portions not exceeding 1000. In trust for use of Thomas Townsend for life and then for his first son and his heirs, with successive remainder to second and subsequent sons and their heirs. In default, to use and behoof of heirs of body of Thomas and Mary. In default to use and behoof of said Thomas and his assigns for ever. Re premises in Mickleton: to use of Edward for life and then to Elizabeth for life, with remainder to use of Thomas and his heirs (or in default) or assigns. To raise share of marriage portions for daughters if Thomas doesn't make provision in his life. If there is lawful male and other issue of Thomas and Mary, then Thomas can by will charge the premises in Alveston and Tiddington with legacies totalling not more than 1000."[12] Also recorded "Marriage Settlement of Thomas Townsend, Alveston, gent., (son and heir of Edward Townsend, Alveston, gent., and Elizabeth his wife) and Mary Lees, daughter of Thomas Lees of Wolverton, clerk, whereby Edward and Elizabeth Townsend settled half yard land upon Thomas Lees, Wolverton, clerk, and Thomas Webb, alias Morrell of Sherborn, gent., as trustees to the use of Edward Townsend for life, with remainder to his wife Elizabeth for life and then to Thomas Townsend for residue of term."[58]  
Mary died between 1731/1732-1743/1744.[132,143] Will dated 11/3/1731-1732, Mary Townsend of Alveston Warks., widow.[143] "Will of Mary Townsend of Alveston Warks., widow. Reciting that late husband Thos. Townsend, gent., by will gave all or most part of his personal estate to two younger sons Edward and Wm. whom he made exors. and that eldest son Thos. has died since husband's death and estate descended to other son Edward Townsend. Now to youngest son Wm. Townsend all money, goods, chattels and personal estate. In case son Edward Townsend release to brother Wm. all benefit of executorship to late father and give him money left then not to be charged for maintenance and education since father's death but if son Edward refuse to release to his brother Wm. such benefit of executorship as above then he is to be charged with debt of 200 owing to testator for his maintenance and education and be accountable to his brother Wm. for same. Son Wm. appointed sole exor."[143] On 1/5/1725 Edward Townsend of Mickleton, Glos paid 400 to Mary Townsend of Alveston, widow of Thomas, and 5/- to Thomas Fulford of Tiddington and his wife Ann for the assignment of a "Mortgage by Demise for 1,000 Years", the mortgage on which Thomas Townsend (deceased) had aquired on 1/5/1722.[144] Resided 1715, 1725, 1731, Alveston, Co Warwickshire, England.[12,143,144]

Children of Edward Townsend & Mary Lees:

i.
 
Thomas Townsend, baptised 8/3/1716, St James, Alveston, Co Warwickshire, England.[3] Died between 1725-1731.[132,139,143] Mentioned in will of his father, 1725 & probated 1743/1744.[39] Listed as deceased in the will of his mother, 1731.[143]

ii.

Edward Townsend, baptised 11/8/1719, St James, Alveston, Co Warwickshire, England.[3] Will dated 30/5/1793, Edward Townsend, Tiddington, parish Alveston gent, proved 7/6/1794.[23,103]
  "Will Edward Townsend, Tiddington, parish Alveston gent, mentions - to be buried in Alveston Church near to the feet of my late dear mother-in-law Bradshaw - (mentions exchange of land with Captn Philip Peers) - wife Elizabeth - friends James West of Snitterfield and Elias Webbe, Sherborne son of Thomas Webbe late of Sherborne, Esq. Frances Bradshaw my wife's niece now living with me - Kinswoman Hannah Higgins - Kinswoman Ann Mays of Tiddington - Kinsman William Mays, of Northampton, Attorney-at-law - Thomas Webbe, Sherborne, third son of Thomas Webbe, deceased - John Webbe, second son of the said Thomas Webbe deceased. With case and counsels opinion thereon, 1828-9. Proved P.C.C. June 1793 (or rather 1794)."[23]  

Edward's will also bequeathed "two messuages in Stratford-upon-Avon ... to his kinswoman, Hannah Higgins."[64] Mentioned in will of his father, 1725 & probated 1743/1744.[39] After the death of his parents was placed in the guardianship of Thomas Webb and Thomas Rees.[151] (Dated 2/9/1735, an 'Assignment of Mortgage By Demise for 1,000 Years and in Fee by way of Marriage Settlement' from Hannah Townsend of Alveston, executrix of Edward Townsend (her father) to Thomas Webb of Sherbourne, Warwickshire of a messuage in Tiddington which Thomas Townsend Jr had previously aquired 1-2/5/1722, for a consideration of 600 paid to Hannah & 5/- paid to John Higgins of Tiddington; with the note "Recital: 1/5/1722 mortgage; 13/12/1727 mortgage in fee by way of appointment, made for 94 by John Adams sen. and John Adams Jr. (both of "Wilmeston" (i.e. Wimpstone), Warws.) with Hannah Townsend; for a messuage and yardland in Wimpstone; 20/3/1731 further charge of 26 upon the Wimpstone premises by John Adams (Jr) to Hannah Townsend; Hannah Townsend's entitlement to 80 in the hands of Thomas Webb and Thomas Rees (of Langley, Warws.) as guardians of the late Thomas Townsend's sons Edward and William; John Higgins' impending marriage with Hannah Townsend; Hannah Townsend's marriage-portion being represented by 600, which is the total of the mortgage-principals; and that 300 thereof should discharge J. Higgins' debts."[151])
Gentleman, 1741, 1742, 1743, 1746, 1752, 1759, 1762, 1763, 1793.[7,8,18,22,23,25,38,44,75,132] Esquire, 1793.[98]
  Dated 1/11/1741 Edward bought a property in Alveston and Tiddington from Newsham Peers, Deed to declare the uses of a fine and to bar entail reciting that Edward Townsend, Alveston, gent., did in Trinity Term last levy a fine to Newsham Peers, Alveston, esq. of messuage and appurtenances in Alveston, 2 cottages in occupation Widow Plumb and Thomas Asplin, closes viz: Alveston Meadow, Cotman Meadow, Leachmore Meadow, Tiddington  Close, the Hurst, Butt Close, the Ham and Dunstalls. To the intent that the premises should be to the only proper use and behoof of the said Edward Townsend. Fine enclosed (left and right hand indentures): between Newsam Peers esq., defendant and Edward Townsend, gent., deforciant of: one messuage, 2 cottages, 80 acres land, 4 acres meadow, 60 acres pasture; 20 acres furze and heath and common with appurtenances in Alveston and Tiddington."[7]  

Dated 25-26/3/1742 exchanged with Newsam Peers a property in Alveston for property in Alveston & Tiddington: "Conveyance by lease and release by Newsam Peers, Alveston, esq. to Edward Townsend, Alveston, gent., of cottage and appurtenances in Alveston, in occupation John Palmer, and a plot of ground being part of the rickyard belonging to a messuage of said Newsam Peers in Alveston and now in occupation John Eberal; 2 acres of enclosed arable land at Tiddington called Tiddington Close and now in occupation John Eberal, in exchange for a cottage and appurtenances in Alveston, lately divided into two and occupations William Kibler and Susannah Wyat, together with the Butt Close, adjoining the north side of the orchard of the said cottage, conveyed by Edward Townsend to Newsam Peers by lease and release of the same date."[25]

Dated 26/1/1743-1744, "Surrender by Thomas Webb alias Morrell of Sherborne, esq. to Edward Townsend, Alveston, gent., (son and heir of Thomas, late of Alveston, gent., deceased by Mary his wife, deceased) of residue of term of 500 years created by indenture of 1 October 1715 (being marriage settlement of Thomas Townsend and Mary Lees). Reciting: Death of Edward Townsend [father of Thomas, aforementioned] and Elizabeth his wife [Webb]. Death of Thomas Townsend and Mary his wife leaving 3 sons, viz: Thomas, Edward and William. Deaths of Edward [sic - should be Thomas] and William in infancy. Thomas has reached 21 [sic - presumably Edward]. Death of Thomas Lees leaving said Thomas Webb sole surviving trustee."[132]

On 7/2/1745-1746 leased property in Alveston to Edward Stanley, "Lease granted by Edward Townsend to Edward Stanley, of a tenement and lands in Alveston."[124]

Dated 16/4/1746, "Bargain and sale (in fulfillment of lease and release of 15 and 16 April) between James Newsham, Chadshunt, esq., Philip Peers, Alveston, esq., Edward Townsend, Alveston, gent., and Thomas Webb, Sherborne, esq. (as trustee for Townsend) of Tiddington Close, Alveston. On 26/8/1742 Mortgage of premises in Alveston to secure 204 by George Allatt, East Sheen, Surrey, gent., to Richard Walker, Fillongley, gent. 24/6/1745 Assignment of fee simple by Richard Walker and Robert Hughes, Coventry, mercer (sole executor of George Allatt late of Kenilworth, gent.) to Philip Peers and James Newsham for 1320."[38]

Dated 25/3/1752, bought the lease on a property in Stratford-on-Avon from William & Susanna Reader: "Assignment from William Reader of Bedworth, wool stapler, and Susanna his wife, to Edward Townsend of Tiddington in Alveston, gent. for 180, of a lease dated 11 March 1729/30, from Lionel Duke of Dorset, to Susanna Heming the elder, widow and executrix of Joseph Heming, late of Stratford, of a parcel of land between Wood Street and Meer Pool Lane, with two cottages erected thereon (boundaries and dimensions) for 99 years; which lease had been assigned by the said Susanna the elder, on 30 May 1750, to her daughter, Susanna Heming the younger (who had later married the said William Reader) by which time more buildings had been erected."[22]

Dated 25/3/1752, "Assignment by William Reader, Bedworth, woolstapler and his trustees (Joseph Hornblower, Birmingham, thread maker and Samuel Reader, Coventry, Woolstapler) to Edward Townsend of Tiddington, Alveston, gent., of yard land for 180 for residue of term of 2000 years."[53]

Issued 11/6/1754, a fire insurance certificate on buildings in Tiddington owned by Edward: "Insurance certificate issued by Sun Fire Office to Edward Townsend, Tiddington, gent. in re buildings in Alveston, viz: farmhouse and premises in occupation Edward Stanley, farmer, barns, stabling, and outbuildings ditto; cottages in tenures of Thomas Asplin, tailor, John Palmer, shepherd and William Tomes, gardener. Total values 500, premium 1.18s.6d."[40]

On 8/10/1759 took Jordan of Tiddington to court over a bond: "Warrant of attorney from John Jordan of Tiddington, plowright, to confess judgment in a suit against him by Edward Townsend, of Tiddington, gent., for 100 due on a bond."[18]

Dated 12/5/1760, "assignment from Thomas Townsend, gentleman, to John Nixon, clerk, and Edward Townsend, gentleman, (in trust for Frances Preston, daughter of John Preston, clerk, for life) of of a close in Alveston called Hurst Close and half a yardland in Alveston and Tiddington in the tenure of Richard Aynge the elder for 1000 years at a nominal rent."[168]

Dated 3-4/4/1762, aquired a meadow in Alveston from John Stanley: "Conveyance by lease and release from John Stanley of Alveston, yeoman, to Edward Townsend of Tiddington, gentleman, for 105, of a meadow in Alveston lying between Tiddington and Bridgetown called Furleys Ham containing 2 acres, now in the tenure of Samuel Heritage, purchased by John Stanley (with other land, specified) from John Wollaston and Elizabeth his wife, and John Cambden."[44]

Dated 4/4/1762, "Agreement between John Stanley of Alveston, yeoman, and Edward Townsend of the same, gentleman, reciting nos.70-71 that the former will indemnify the latter for the payment of land tax due on the conveyed premises at the rate of 3 p.a., and for the payment of the annual chief rent to the lord of the manor of Alveston."[122]

Dated 5/4/1763, "Conveyance by lease and release from Edward Townsend of Alveston, gentleman, to Thomas Hiron of the same, gentleman, for 150, of the premises, lately purchased from John Stanley."[75]

Dated 13/5/1763, "Mortgage by John Taylor and his trustee Benjamin Burbidge to Edwand Townsend of Tiddington in the parish of Alveston, gentleman, of the 7 cottages in Henley Lane otherwise Windsor Street and of Giles's Close for a term of 1000 years; consideration, 100 with interest. Endorsed with a memorandum of agreement by the mortgagor to insure the premises in the Sun Fire Office near the Royal Exhange London, for the benefit of the mortgagee."[54]

Dated 12/6/1766, "Assignment by Edward Townsend by direction of John Taylor to John Meacham of Stratford-upon-Avon, surgeon, of the remainder of the mortgage term of 1000 years in the 7 cottages in Henley Lane otherwise Windsor Street and in Giles's Close now used for brickmaking; Consideration, 120 with interest."[112]

Dated 10/1/1774 leased a tenement in Alveston to Robert Chapman.[97]

Dated 25/3/1778, "Draft abstract of title to a leasehold tenement in Wood Street, Stratford-upon-Avon, commencing with a lease from John Frederick, Duke of Dorset to Edward Townsend of Tiddington. Ending with an indenture, dated 28/8/1817, between Thomas Hunt of the first part, William Hemings of the second part and John Wells of Alderminster, gent., of the third part."[45]

Dated 25/3/1778, "Lease granted by John Frederick, Duke of Dorset, to Edward Townsend of Tiddington in Alveston, of 6 tenements in Wood Street in the occupations of William Davis, Thomas Trout, John Norris, Richard Gardner, William Knight and William Harris for the term of life of Susannah Bragg (late Susannah Heming aged about 51 now wife of Bragg of Birmingham, wire lanthorn maker), Frances Bradshaw aged about 14, one of the daughters of Aholiab Bradshaw late of Prior's Marston, gentleman, and Elizabeth Bradshaw aged about 10, her sister. Witnesses: Thomas W. Partington, William Bush, William Tasker, Joseph Broom."[48]

Dated 30/5/1788, "Lease granted by Edward Townsend to George Shirley, of a tenement and lands in Alveston."[170]

Dated 22/2/1793, description of a property owned by Edward & subsequently by his nephew, Edward Higgins, "Deed of assignment, in trust for the benefit of creditors by John Heritage, S/A, butcher, to Charles Pestell, S/A, surgeon and Thomas Halford, Old Stratford, gent., [including] Personal effects, household goods and all farming stock and tools on farm at Alveston rented by said John Heritage of Edward Townsend, esq., and Edward Townsend Higgin."[98]
Married Elizabeth Bradshaw,[8] 2/2/1743, Bishops Itchington, Co Warwickshire, England.[6]
  Marriage settlement dated 15/2/1743-1744, "Post nuptial settlement of Edward Townsend, Alveston, gent., son and heir and surviving executor of Thomas Townsend, Alveston, gent., deceased, and Elizabeth his wife, formerly Bradshaw, only daughter of William, late of Pattishall, Northants., gent., deceased., settling (with consent of Thomas Webb alias Morrell, Sherborne, esq. surviving trustee of 2 above) half yard land upon trustees John Higgins, Tiddington, gent., and Job Baseley the elder, Priors Marston, gent., to use of Edward Townsend for life with remainder to successive sons by Elizabeth in tail male, then daughters equally, finally executors and administrators."[8]  
Elizabeth born c.1722, died 1819 & buried 11/10/1819, St James, Alveston, Co Warwickshire, England (97yo).[162] Dated 20/5/1809, "Draft indenture between Elizabeth Townsend of Tiddington, widow of Edward Townsend late of Tiddington, and others, and Thomas Hunt of Stratford-upon-Avon, gent., concerning lands in Tiddington and Alveston fields."[10] Resided 1741, 1742, 1743, 1746, Alveston, Co Warwickshire, England.[7,8,25,38,132] Resided 1752, 1754, 1759, 1762, 1793, Tiddington, Co Warwickshire, England.[18,22,23,40,44] Resided 1809, Alveston, Co Warwickshire, England.[10]
Children: (a)
 
Elizabeth Townsend, baptised 10/8/1745, St James, Alveston, Co Warwickshire, England.[3]
(b)
Thomas Townsend, baptised 21/12/1746, St James, Alveston, Co Warwickshire, England.[3]

iii.

William Townsend, baptised 31/5/1721, St James, Alveston, Co Warwickshire, England.[3] Died between 1735-1743/1744.[132,150] Mentioned in will of his father, 1725 & probated 1743/1744.[39] Was mentioned in the will of his mother, 1731.[143] After the death of his parents was placed in the guardianship of Thomas Webb and Thomas Rees.[151] (Dated 2/9/1735, an 'Assignment of Mortgage By Demise for 1,000 Years and in Fee by way of Marriage Settlement' from Hannah Townsend of Alveston, executrix of Edward Townsend (her father) to Thomas Webb of Sherbourne, Warwickshire of a messuage in Tiddington which Thomas Townsend Jr had previously aquired 1-2/5/1722, for a consideration of 600 paid to Hannah & 5/- paid to John Higgins of Tiddington; with the note "Recital: 1/5/1722 mortgage; 13/12/1727 mortgage in fee by way of appointment, made for 94 by John Adams sen. and John Adams Jr. (both of "Wilmeston" (i.e. Wimpstone), Warws.) with Hannah Townsend; for a messuage and yardland in Wimpstone; 20/3/1731 further charge of 26 upon the Wimpstone premises by John Adams (Jr) to Hannah Townsend; Hannah Townsend's entitlement to 80 in the hands of Thomas Webb and Thomas Rees (of Langley, Warws.) as guardians of the late Thomas Townsend's sons Edward and William; John Higgins' impending marriage with Hannah Townsend; Hannah Townsend's marriage-portion being represented by 600, which is the total of the mortgage-principals; and that 300 thereof should discharge J. Higgins' debts."[151])

     
Manor house, Alveston
Alveston Manor
Image Warwickshire Motels
Alveston, 1908
Alveston Village, 1908
Artist/Photographer unknown
Ferry Inn, Alveston
Ferry Inn, Alveston
Image David Stowell [Geograph]
     
   

1.1.1.2.1.1.1. Thomas Townsend (s/o John, s/o John, s/o William, s/o Thomas, s/o William), baptised 11/12/1697, St James, Alveston, Co Warwickshire, England.[3] Died between 8/8/1757 & 17/10/1757.[78,131] Will dated 17/7/1756, with a codicil dated 8/8/1757, Thomas Townsend, of Alveston,[78] & probated 17/10/1757.[31] Gentleman, 1756, 1757.[65,66,131]
  Dated 1-2/5/1722, a Lease and Marriage Settlement from Thomas Fulford of Tiddington and his wife Ann to Thomas Townsend Jr of Alveston of a messuage and three yardlands in Tiddington (occupied by Thomas Fulford), also mentioning William Eborall of Warwick and his wife Mary (daughter of Thomas Fulford) & Thomas Townsend Sr of Alveston.[150] On 2/9/1735 the mortgage on this property was assigned by Hannah Townsend (Thomas' cousin) to Thomas Webb.[151]  

On 1/6/1726 William Hastings paid 200 to Edward Townsend, discharging the mortgage of a property in Alveston tennanted by Thomas Townsend, "Conveyance by lease and release from William Hastings of the Hill in Bridgetown in Old Stratford, yeoman, and Hannah his wife, to Thomas Hiron of Alveston, gentleman, for 270 paid to them and for a further 200 to be paid to Edward Townsend of Mickleton, co. Glos., gentleman, to discharge a mortgage on the premises, of a messuage and 1 yardlands in Alveston and an acre of meadow in Tiddington Meadow, in the tenure of Thomas Townsend. Covenant to levy a fine in favour of Robert Stanley of Alveston, yeoman, on behalf of Thomas Hiron."[118]

Dated 24/3/1728, "Transaction from William Eborall of Warwick to Thomas Townsend of Alveston of a messuage and three yardlands (occupied by Avery Edwards) in Tiddington."[47]

In 1730 was a witness to the will of Thomas Hiron of Alveston, gentleman, will dated 17/11/1730 & probated 20/11/1730."[57]

Dated 6-7/9/1742, the transfer of the mortgage on a messuage in Tiddington (previously aquired by Thomas Townsend Jr in 1-2/5/1722 from William Eborall grandson of Thomas Fulford) to Thomas Townsend of Alveston (Thomas Jr in 1722), for the consideration of 100, 'subject to the following securities but free from the 500 and Thomas Townsend's interest in his sisters' portions; with the note "Recital: 17/5/1726 appointment by Thomas and Ann Fulford of the premises to Thomas Townsend in trust for William Eborall, charged with 100 each for him and his sisters, but also with 500 if after the Fulfords' deaths T.Townsend were to buy the property and with 40 between William Eborall Sr and Thomas Fulford if an agreement for sale were made during the lastnamed's lifetime; Ann Fulford's death and Townsend's payment of the 40 upon accepting the purchase; and Ann Eborall's having died childless."[152]

Dated 2-3/7/1753, "Conveyance by lease and release from Thomas Townsend of Alveston, gent., surviving trustee of a marriage settlement of 22 August 1743, at the request of John Floyer of Kinwarton, clerk, and Elizabeth his wife (born Elizabeth Smith of Stratford-upon-Avon) to Charles Floyer of Hints, co. Staffs., esq. of a messuage in High Street, S/A, late in the tenure of John Smith, mercer, and now of John Eaves, saddler [no.33-34], a messuage in Ely Street, S/A, late in the tenure of Ann Welchman, widow, [no.26], a close (lately a cherry orchard) at the end of Scholars' Lane, containing 4 acres, late in the tenure of -- Walford, and seven cottages in Warwick (occupants named); to hold in trust for the said John Floyer for life, with reversion to his wife Elizabeth for life, and, after her death, to the heirs of their bodies."[81]
Married Mary Chance, 29/9/1730, St Michael & All Angels, Harnhill, Co Gloucestershire, England.[6] Resided 1726, 1730, 1756, 1757, Alveston, Co Warwickshire, England.[57,65,66,118,131]

Children of Thomas Townsend & Mary Chance:

i.
 
Thomas Townsend,[65] born early 1730s (eldest son & heir). Gentleman, 1758, 1760, 1773.[65,66,83,155] Co-executor of his father's will, along with sister Mary.[66]
  Dated 25/8/1746 aquired a 99 year lease on a property in Stratford: "".. the ground therein described as having the lane from Henley Street into the Rother Market on the south east, the lands of Thomas Southerne on the west or north west, Henley Street on the north and the tenements of William Wright on the south or south west and the three cottages as in the tenures of John Roberts, William Wheeler and Symon Lydiatt, with garden ground in the tenure of Thomas Bott."[66]  

Dated 18/5/1758, "Lease from Lionel Cranfield Sackville Duke of Dorset to Thomas Townsend of Toddenham, Co. Glouc., gent., and Mary Townsend of Alveston, spinster, executors of their father Thomas Townsend, late of Alveston, gent., of a plot of ground, three cottages etc. adjoining Henley Street in Stratford-upon-Avon, for 99 years at a yearly rent of 15 shillings, terminable with the lives of John Townsend, son of Thomas Townsend, senior, Thomas Townsend and Mary Townsend; the said lessees surrendering a lease dated 25 August 1746, made to Thomas Townsend, senior, for 99 years, terminable with the lives of Thomas Salmon of London, Thomas Townsend, senior and the said John Townsend, the ground therein described as having the lane from Henley Street into the Rother Market on the south east, the lands of Thomas Southerne on the west or north west, Henley Street on the north and the tenements of William Wright on the south or south west and the three cottages as in the tenures of John Roberts, William Wheeler and Symon Lydiatt, with garden ground in the tenure of Thomas Bott. Witnesses: Sack. Bale, W. Gardiner."[66]

Dated 17-18/5/1758, "Conveyance by lease and release from Thomas Townsend of Todenham, co. Glos., gent., and Mary Townsend of Alveston, spinster, his sister (children and legatees of Thomas Townsend, late of Alveston, gent.) to Goodwin Zouch of Shottery in the parish of Old Stratford, tanner, for 390 of a messuage or tanhouse in Shottery, with dovecote, tanyard etc., now in the tenure of the said Goodwin Zouch, and which John Bury, late of Shottery, tanner, by his will dated 27 November 1723, gave to his cousin, Richard Townsend of Shottery, tanner, and which, on the latter's death, passed to his brother, the said Thomas Townsend the elder, since deceased, who bequeathed the same to his children, the said Thomas Townsend the younger and Mary Townsend, by will dated 17/7/1756."[102]

Dated 18/5/1758, "Covenants by Thomas Townsend, of Toddenham, co. Glouc., and Mary Townsend, of Alveston, to sell to Goodwyn Zouch, of Shottery a messuage, tan-yard, etc. in Shottery, and to deliver over a certain deed, etc."[138]

Dated 28/9/1758, "Quitclaim from Mary Townsend of Alveston, spinster, to Thomas Townsend of Toddenham, Co. Glos., gentleman, her brother, for 170 18s 6d (being half the value of the personal estates of their late father, Thomas Townsend of Alveston, gentleman, and of their late brother, John Townsend of Alveston, gentleman, to the whole of which they were entitled as tenants in common) of all her right in the personal estate of her said late father and brother. Covenant by Mary Townsend on the payment to her by the said Thomas Townsend of a further 875, to convey to him her half share in all the messuages, lands and other real estate of their late father, to which they were entitled as tenants in common under his will.[65]

Dated 23/3/1759, Mary Townsend of Alveston sold to Thomas Townsend of Alveston "a messuage, cottage and Fulford's Close (3 acres), Fulford's Ham (4 acres), Tiddington Meadow (4 acres) and three yardlands (all occupied by Edward Stanley)."[110]

Dated 23/3/1759, "Abstract of Thomas Townsend's Title to messuage and three yardlands in Tiddington."[165]

Dated 17/7/1759, "Release in all actions from Thomas Townsend of Alveston, gentleman, to Mary Townsend of the same, spinster."[166]

Dated 28/2/1760, "Abstract of title to three cottages and gardens in Henley Street in Stratford-upon-Avon, commencing with a lease, granted by the Duke of Dorset to Thomas Townsend of Alveston, gent."[83]

Dated 12/5/1760, "assignment from Thomas Townsend, gentleman, to John Nixon, clerk, and Edward Townsend, gentleman, (in trust for Frances Preston, daughter of John Preston, clerk, for life) of of a close in Alveston called Hurst Close and half a yardland in Alveston and Tiddington in the tenure of Richard Aynge the elder for 1000 years at a nominal rent."[168] On 21/10/1772, the above leasehold property was allotted to Thomas Townsend.[168]

Dated 21/4/1764, "conveyance from Thomas Townsend of Alveston to James Hewitt of Alveston for 1,900, a messuage, two cottages, Fulford's Close, Fulford's Ham and three yardlands, thereby discharging a 1,000 mortgage to Thomas Hiron."[71]

Dated 17/5/1765, "Exemplification of a recovery made by William Halford, senior, gent., and Thomas Townesend, gent., against William Gibson, gent., of premises in Halford."[167]

Dated 12/12/1771, "Demand for payment of 177.14s.3d made by Thomas Townsend, Clerk to the Commissioners appointed for enclosing the common fields of Alveston, to Mr. Thomas Hiron of Alveston for a proportionate part of the expenses of such inclosure. Endorsed with receipt."[104]

Dated 31/3/1773, the conveyance of the title to two tenements in Tiddington from Thomas Townsend of Stratford-upon-Avon, gent., to Richard Rand of Tiddington, labourer.[155]

Dated 31/3/1773, "Schedule of deeds relating to tenements at Tiddington, commencing with a conveyance from Thomas Townsend to Richard Rand."[164]
Married Frances Preston, 15/5/1764, St John the Baptist, Wasperton, Co Warwickshire, England.[6] Resided 1758, Toddenham, Co Gloucestershire, England.[65,66,138] Resided 1759, 1760, 1764, 1771, Alveston, Co Warwickshire, England.[71,83,104,110] Resided 1773, Stratford-on-Avon, Co Warwickshire, England.[155]
Children: (a)
 
Lucy Townsend, baptised 12/2/1765, St James, Alveston, Co Warwickshire, England.[3] Died young.[168]
(b)
Mary Townsend, baptised 22/10/1766, St James, Alveston, Co Warwickshire, England.[3] Married John Robert Nason,[168] 8/3/1790, Holy Trinity, Stratford-on-Avon, Co Warwickshire, England.[2] Both single & of Holy Trinity parish, by licence, married bgy Rec James Davenport, vicar, witnesses Lister Dighton & Mary Hiron.[2] Dated 17/4/1790, "assignment from John Robert Nason and Mary his wife (only child of Thomas Townsend) to Lyster Dighton of Clifford Chambers, esquire, of the said lease, to hold in trust for them."[168]
(c)
Jane Townsend, baptised 21/12/1767, St James, Alveston, Co Warwickshire, England.[3] Died young.[168]
(d)
Frances Townsend, baptised 16/4/1769, St James, Alveston, Co Warwickshire, England.[3] Died young.[168]
(e)
Catharine Townsend, baptised 12/4/1771, St James, Alveston, Co Warwickshire, England.[3] Died young.[168]
(f)
Abigail Townsend, baptised 5/7/1772, St James, Alveston, Co Warwickshire, England.[3] Died young.[168]

ii.

John Townsend, baptised 3/10/1732, St James, Alveston, Co Warwickshire, England.[3] Died between 18/5/1758-28/9/1758.[65,66] Gentleman, 1757, 1758.[65,69,111]
  Dated 19-20/12/1757, "Conveyance by lease and release from John Townsend of Alveston, gentleman, to Samuel Nott of the parish of St. Nicholas, Worcester, clerk, for 176, of a messuage in High Street, late in the tenure of Thomas Bott [sic], apothecary, having a messuage of Stratford Corporation leased to Thomas Bott on the south, and a messuage in the tenure of Nathaniel Cookes, mercer, being a corner house in the said street, on the north."[69]  

Dated Trinity Term 1758, "Fine levied at Westminster between Samuel Nott, clerk, plaintiff, and John Townsend, gentleman, deforciant, of two messuages in Stratford-upon-Avon and Warwick, for the consideration of 120."[111]
Resided 1757, Alveston, Co Warwickshire, England.[65,69]

iii.

Mary Townsend, baptised 17/2/1734, St James, Alveston, Co Warwickshire, England.[3] Resided 1758, 1759, Alveston, Co Warwickshire, England.[65,66,110,138] Co-executor of her father's will, along with brother Thomas.[66]
  Dated 17-18/5/1758, "Conveyance by lease and release from Thomas Townsend of Todenham, co. Glos., gent., and Mary Townsend of Alveston, spinster, his sister (children and legatees of Thomas Townsend, late of Alveston, gent.) to Goodwin Zouch of Shottery in the parish of Old Stratford, tanner, for 390 of a messuage or tanhouse in Shottery, with dovecote, tanyard etc., now in the tenure of the said Goodwin Zouch, and which John Bury, late of Shottery, tanner, by his will dated 27 November 1723, gave to his cousin, Richard Townsend of Shottery, tanner, and which, on the latter's death, passed to his brother, the said Thomas Townsend the elder, since deceased, who bequeathed the same to his children, the said Thomas Townsend the younger and Mary Townsend, by will dated 17/7/1756."[102]  

Dated 18/5/1758, "Lease from Lionel Cranfield Sackville Duke of Dorset to Thomas Townsend of Toddenham, Co. Glouc., gent., and Mary Townsend of Alveston, spinster, executors of their father Thomas Townsend, late of Alveston, gent., of a plot of ground, three cottages etc. adjoining Henley Street in Stratford-upon-Avon, for 99 years at a yearly rent of 15 shillings, terminable with the lives of John Townsend, son of Thomas Townsend, senior, Thomas Townsend and Mary Townsend; the said lessees surrendering a lease dated 25 August 1746, made to Thomas Townsend, senior, for 99 years, terminable with the lives of Thomas Salmon of London, Thomas Townsend, senior and the said John Townsend, the ground therein described as having the lane from Henley Street into the Rother Market on the south east, the lands of Thomas Southerne on the west or north west, Henley Street on the north and the tenements of William Wright on the south or south west and the three cottages as in the tenures of John Roberts, William Wheeler and Symon Lydiatt, with garden ground in the tenure of Thomas Bott. Witnesses: Sack. Bale, W. Gardiner."[66]

Dated 18/5/1758, "Covenants by Thomas Townsend, of Toddenham, co. Glouc., and Mary Townsend, of Alveston, to sell to Goodwyn Zouch, of Shottery a messuage, tan-yard, etc. in Shottery, and to deliver over a certain deed, etc."[138]    Dated 28/9/1758, "Quitclaim from Mary Townsend of Alveston, spinster, to Thomas Townsend of Toddenham, Co. Glos., gentleman, her brother, for 170 18s 6d (being half the value of the personal estates of their late father, Thomas Townsend of Alveston, gentleman, and of their late brother, John Townsend of Alveston, gentleman, to the whole of which they were entitled as tenants in common) of all her right in the personal estate of her said late father and brother. Covenant by Mary Townsend on the payment to her by the said Thomas Townsend of a further 875, to convey to him her half share in all the messuages, lands and other real estate of their late father, to which they were entitled as tenants in common under his will.[65]

Dated 23/3/1759, Mary Townsend of Alveston sold to Thomas Townsend of Alveston "a messuage, cottage and Fulford's Close (3 acres), Fulford's Ham (4 acres), Tiddington Meadow (4 acres) and three yardlands (all occupied by Edward Stanley)."[110]

Dated 2-3/1/1797, "Settlement of the Alveston estates of Thomas Hiron [the younger] of Alveston, gentleman, being a conveyance by lease and release from Mary Hiron of Alveston (widow of Thomas Hiron, late of the same, gentleman) Thomas Hiron of the same, gentleman, and Elizabeth his wife (heir of John Wheatley of Snitterfield, gentleman) to William Freeman of Hidcote Bartrim, co. Glos., gentleman, and Robert Cooper of Larkstoke in Ilmington, gentleman, reciting nos. 68-69, of the following property in Alveston messuage and outbuildings etc. late in the tenure of Thomas Hiron the elder, since of Thomas Hiron the younger, afterwards of Rev. Jenkins and now of Rev. Harding; two messuages adjoining the last late in the tenures of John Wyatt and Richard Wren and now of Thomas Ashborn and John Maynard; a piece of land called the Orchard, containing 2r 20p, adjoining the same, late in the tenure of Thomas Hiron the elder, and now of Rev. Jenkins; a meadow called Little Ham lately converted into an osier bed containing 4a 0r 20p adjoining the road leading from Stratford-upon-Avon to Wellesbourne on one side and the River Avon on the other, in the successive tenures of Thomas Hiron the elder and Thomas Hiron the younger and now of John Ashborn; 13a 0r 20p in Tiddington Meadow; 170a 2r 39p in Crab Tree Field, Newbridge Field and Crofts Quarter, subdivided at the Enclosure into Crab Tree, Dairy or Red Field Ground, the two Newbridge Grounds, Audon Heath, the ground behind the stable or west of Crofts Road, Hill Rick Yard or Pool Ground, two grounds adjoining Crofts Farm, Cromer Ground, the ground adjoining Crofts Farm and Banbury Lane, and the ground adjoining Banbury Lane and the Hill Farm; an allotment in Hill Quarter in the heath containing 2r 28p; all which fields contain together 184a 2r 7p, and are in the tenure of the said Mary Hiron, and were awarded to Thomas Hiron the elder by the Inclosure Commissioners for Alveston in lieu of his five yardlands there; also a messuage built by Thomas Hiron the elder and occupied by him until his death and since then by the said Mary Hiron; an old enclosure called Great Church Meadow containing 6a 1r 31p lying near the church and now in the tenure of Mary Hiron, which formed part of 2 yardlands purchased by Thomas Hiron the elder of Sir John Cotterell, knight, deceased, and exchanged in the award of the said Commissioners for two pieces of old enclosure containing 6a 1r 28p called Upper Ham and Lower Ham, being part of the said five yardlands; also several pieces of woodland containing together 15 acres in a wood called Alveston Pasture; to hold the same to the following uses: as to the property in the tenure of Mary Hiron and the two tenements in the tenure of Thomas Ashborn and John Maynard, to the use of Mary Hiron for life; as to the remaining property, together with the dowry of Mary Hiron after her death to the use of Thomas Hiron the younger for life; and after his death to the use of Edward Townsend Higgins of Bridgetown, gentleman, and Thomas Cresswell of Stratford-upon-Avon, gentleman; as to the messuage in the tenure of Rev. Harding and the two messuages in the tenures of Thomas Ashborn and John Maynard, in trust for Elizabeth Hiron for life; and as to the remainder of the property and the dowry of Elizabeth Hiron after her death, in trust for Thomas Hiron, the only child of the said Thomas and Elizabeth, and his heirs male, or in default, for Elizabeth Hiron their daughter, and her heirs. The said Thomas Hiron also assigns three leases vested in him [see nos. 68-69] to the said trustees, to hold in trust for him for life, with remainder to his wife, Elizabeth, for life, and after her death, to their heirs."[169]
Married Thomas Hiron,[63] 29/9/1759, St James, Alveston, Co Warwickshire, England.[3]
  Marriage settlement dated 28/9/1759, "Settlement on the marriage of Thomas Hiron of Alveston, gent., and Mary Townsend of Alveston, spinster, concerning lands in Alveston and Tiddington."[63] Also recorded in more detail: "Settlement on the marriage of Thomas Hiron of Alveston, gentleman, to Mary Townsend of Alveston, spinster, being a conveyance by lease and release from the said Thomas Hiron to Thomas Townsend of Alveston, gentleman, and John Ward of Oxhill, gentleman, for 1000 to which the said Mary Townsend is entitled upon her marriage, of a messuage in Alveston with 3 yardlands, a meadow called Little Ham and an acre of meadow in Tiddington Meadow, all in the tenure of the said Thomas Hiron; also a piece of meadow called the Ham in the tenure of William Parry lying between Tiddington and Stratford-upon-Avon; to hold the same to the use of the said Thomas Hiron for life with remainder to his widow, Mary Townsend for life, and then to their issue. In addition the said Thomas Hiron assigns to the said trustees three leases now vested in him, of land in Alveston, to hold for the residue of the several terms of years to the same uses."[149]  
Gentleman.[169] Thomas died before 1797.[169]
Children: (a)
 
Thomas Hiron, baptised 14/9/1761, St James, Alveston, Co Warwickshire, England.[3] Gentleman, 1797.[169] Married Elizabeth Wheatley.[169]
(b)
John Hiron, baptised 23/10/1763, St James, Alveston, Co Warwickshire, England.[3]
(c)
Robert Hiron, baptised 15/9/1765, St James, Alveston, Co Warwickshire, England.[3]
(d)
Hannah Hirons, baptised 29/9/1771, Ratley, Co Warwickshire, England.[6]
(e)
Henry Hiron, baptised 18/5/1774, St James, Alveston, Co Warwickshire, England.[3]
(f)
Ann Hiron, baptised 24/5/1774, St James, Alveston, Co Warwickshire, England.[3]

iv.

Anne Townsend, baptised 2/2/1735, St James, Alveston, Co Warwickshire, England.[3]

v.

Abigail Townsend, baptised 16/1/1737, St James, Alveston, Co Warwickshire, England.[3]

vi.
William Townsend, baptised 8/3/1738, St James, Alveston, Co Warwickshire, England.[3]

vii.
Anne Townsend, baptised 29/6/1741, St James, Alveston, Co Warwickshire, England.[3]

viii.
Richard Townsend, baptised 2/5/1744, St James, Alveston, Co Warwickshire, England.[3]

ix.
William Townsend, baptised 16/9/1745, St James, Alveston, Co Warwickshire, England.[3]

   
Glebe Farm, Alveston
Glebe Farm, Alveston
Image David Stowell [Geograph]
Church of St Michael & All Angels, Harnhill
Church of St Michael & All Angels, Harnhill
Image Brian Robert Marshall [Geograph]
St John the Baptist, Wasperton
St John the Baptist, Wasperton
Image David Stowell [Geograph]
 Harnhill. St. Michael's is a small church of Norman origin, dating from the late 13th century. Above the south doorway still exist remnants of a sculptured Norman tympanum depicting St. Michael fighting the Dragon. The chancel is early 14th Century with a plain double-chamfered chancel arch. 14th Century angle buttresses support the east wall. The small west tower has stone-slated sides apart from the west wall. It was possibly a bellcote originally and was altered in the 18th Century. The church was restored in 1909. Inside the church is a list of rectors of the church from 1302 to 1969. Not all the rectors were pillars of rectitude - one was described as “a suttel man, an untrew man, a craftye fellow and a perjured man” before being unfrocked.[Geograph, Rootsweb]
"Harnhill, a parish in Cirencester district, Gloucester; near the Thames and Severn canal, 3 miles ESE of Cirencester railway station. It has a post-office under Cirencester. Acres, 689. Real property, 1,343. Pop., 88. Houses, 17. The living is a rectory in the diocese of Gloucester and Bristol. Value, 155. Patron, G. Bengough, Esq. The church is early English.[Wilson's Imperial Gazetteer 1872]
 
      
   
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[1] "Shakespeare's church, otherwise the collegiate church of the Holy Trinity of Stratford-upon-Avon; an architectural and ecclesiastical history of the fabric and its ornaments", James Harvey Bloom, T. F. Unwin (Pub), London, 1902, pp.177-179, 212-214, 225, <http://www.archive.org/details/cu31924028220055>.
[2] "The registers of Stratford-on-Avon : in the county of Warwick", Vol.2 Marriages 1558-1812, Richard Savage, Private printing for the Parish Register Society, 1897, <http://www.archive.org/details/registersofstrat02stra>.
[3] Parish Register Extracts, Alveston, Co Warwick, Ba: B016707, I037532, I041521, I041520, C039672, M039672, C039672, International Genealogical Index, https://www.familysearch.org.
[4] Parish Register Extracts, Holy Trinity, Stratford-upon-Avon, Ba:C010792, C010799, M010791, P010791, C010792, International Genealogical Index, https://www.familysearch.org.
[5] Slatter Son and More, Solicitors, DR 469/448/1, <http://www.nationalarchives.gov.uk/a2a/records.aspx?cat=188-dr469&cid=382-44-1#382-44-1>.
[6] Misc. Parish Register Extracts, International Genealogical Index, https://www.familysearch.org.
[7] Slatter Son and More, Solicitors, DR 469/455/5, <http://www.nationalarchives.gov.uk/a2a/records.aspx?cat=188-dr469&cid=382-57#382-57>.
[8] Slatter Son and More, Solicitors, DR 469/448/3, <http://www.nationalarchives.gov.uk/a2a/records.aspx?cat=188-dr469&cid=382-44-3#382-44-3>.
[9] Will of William Townsend, Yeoman of Tiddington, Warwickshire, Records of the Prerogative Court of Canterbury, PROB 11/212, <http://www.nationalarchives.gov.uk/documentsonline/details-result.asp?queryType=1&resultcount=1&Edoc_Id=851971>.
[10] Solicitors' deposits from the offices of Frederick Lane and Thomas Hunt, ER 3/1436, <http://www.nationalarchives.gov.uk/a2a/records.aspx?cat=188-er3_2&cid=1-750#1-750>.
[11] Exchequer: King's Remembrancer: Depositions taken by Commission, E 134/4Chas1/Mich6, <http://www.nationalarchives.gov.uk/catalogue/displaycataloguedetails.asp?CATLN=6&CATID=4582591&j=1>.
[12] Slatter Son and More, Solicitors, DR 469/445/3, <http://www.nationalarchives.gov.uk/a2a/records.aspx?cat=188-dr469&cid=382-55#382-55>.
[13] Slatter Son and More, Solicitors, DR 469/446/4, <http://www.nationalarchives.gov.uk/a2a/records.aspx?cat=188-dr469&cid=382-13#382-13>.
[14] Slatter Son and More, Solicitors, DR 469/443/2, <http://www.nationalarchives.gov.uk/a2a/records.aspx?cat=188-dr469&cid=382-5#382-5>.
[15] Hiron Family of Alveston, DR 74/7, <http://www.nationalarchives.gov.uk/a2a/records.aspx?cat=188-dr74&cid=1-7#1-7>.
[16] Slatter Son and More, Solicitors, DR 469/442/5, <http://www.nationalarchives.gov.uk/a2a/records.aspx?cat=188-dr469&cid=382-3#382-3>.
[17] Slatter Son and More, Solicitors, DR 469/452/3, <http://www.nationalarchives.gov.uk/a2a/records.aspx?cat=188-dr469&cid=382-50#382-50>.
[18] Wheler Papers, ER1/2/18, <http://www.nationalarchives.gov.uk/a2a/records.aspx?cat=188-er1&cid=1-2-18#1-2-18>.
[19] Slatter Son and More, Solicitors, DR 469/445/1, <http://www.nationalarchives.gov.uk/a2a/records.aspx?cat=188-dr469&cid=382-53#382-53>.
[20] Slatter Son and More, Solicitors, DR 469/442/1-2, <http://www.nationalarchives.gov.uk/a2a/records.aspx?cat=188-dr469&cid=382-1#382-1>.
[21] Hiron Family of Alveston, DR 74/49 Easter Term, <http://www.nationalarchives.gov.uk/a2a/records.aspx?cat=188-dr74&cid=1-42#1-42>.
[22] Hunt Family of Stratford-Upon-Avon, Solicitors, DR 42/677, <http://www.nationalarchives.gov.uk/a2a/records.aspx?cat=188-dr42&cid=674#674>.
[23] Miscellaneous Wills, ER5/183, <http://www.nationalarchives.gov.uk/a2a/records.aspx?cat=188-er5&cid=183#183>.
[24] Slatter Son and More, Solicitors, DR 469/442/3-4, <http://www.nationalarchives.gov.uk/a2a/records.aspx?cat=188-dr469&cid=382-2#382-2>.
[25] Slatter Son and More, Solicitors, DR 469/455/6, <http://www.nationalarchives.gov.uk/a2a/records.aspx?cat=188-dr469&cid=382-58#382-58>.
[26] Halford estate, ER 3/2350, <http://www.nationalarchives.gov.uk/a2a/records.aspx?cat=188-er3_3&cid=11-86#11-86>.
[27] Clopton Charters, ER 3/372, <http://www.nationalarchives.gov.uk/a2a/records.aspx?cat=188-er3_1&cid=4-139#4-139>.
[28] Will of Thomas Townsend of Alveston, yeoman, Slatter Son and More, Solicitors, DR 469/454, <http://www.nationalarchives.gov.uk/a2a/records.aspx?cat=188-dr469&cid=382-52#382-52>.
[29] Will Thomas Townsend of Alveston yeoman, Stratford-upon-Avon and Hampton Lucy Peculiars, DR148/2/2, <http://www.nationalarchives.gov.uk/a2a/records.aspx?cat=188-dr148&cid=2-2#2-2>.
[30] Wheler Papers, ER1/1/117, <http://www.nationalarchives.gov.uk/a2a/records.aspx?cat=188-er1&cid=1-1-118#1-1-118>.
[31] Lucy of Charlecote Manorial Documents, L6/274, <http://www.nationalarchives.gov.uk/a2a/records.aspx?cat=187-l6&cid=2-1-44-2#2-1-44-2>.
[32] Old Stratford, Shottery, ER 3/124, <http://www.nationalarchives.gov.uk/a2a/records.aspx?cat=188-er3_1&cid=2-1#2-1>.
[33] Slatter Son and More, Solicitors, DR 469/438, <http://www.nationalarchives.gov.uk/a2a/records.aspx?cat=188-dr469&cid=378-1#378-1>.
[34] Hiron Family of Alveston, DR 74/4, <http://www.nationalarchives.gov.uk/a2a/records.aspx?cat=188-dr74&cid=1-4#1-4>.
[35] Miscellaneous deeds of Birmingham, Deritend and Bordesley, 1651-1831, <http://www.nationalarchives.gov.uk/a2a/records.aspx?cat=143-ms3069_2&cid=0#0>.
[36] Records of the Stratford-upon-Avon Corporation, BRU12/7/342, <http://www.nationalarchives.gov.uk/a2a/records.aspx?cat=188-br_1-1&cid=1-12-7-339#1-12-7-339>.
[37] Records of the Stratford-upon-Avon Corporation, BRU12/7/344, <http://www.nationalarchives.gov.uk/a2a/records.aspx?cat=188-br_1-1&cid=1-12-7-341#1-12-7-341>.
[38] Slatter Son and More, Solicitors, DR 469/446/31, <http://www.nationalarchives.gov.uk/a2a/records.aspx?cat=188-dr469&cid=382-40#382-40>.
[39] Slatter Son and More, Solicitors, DR 469/455/4, <http://www.nationalarchives.gov.uk/a2a/records.aspx?cat=188-dr469&cid=382-56#382-56>.
[40] Slatter Son and More, Solicitors, DR 469/446/32, <http://www.nationalarchives.gov.uk/a2a/records.aspx?cat=188-dr469&cid=382-41#382-41>.
[41] Slatter Son and More, Solicitors, DR 469/282, <http://www.nationalarchives.gov.uk/a2a/records.aspx?cat=188-dr469&cid=231-1#231-1>.
[42] Hewitt family papers: Bond, PA 1484/42/1, <http://www.nationalarchives.gov.uk/a2a/records.aspx?cat=144-pa1484&cid=2-142#2-142>.
[43] Slatter Son and More, Solicitors, DR 469/445, <http://www.nationalarchives.gov.uk/a2a/records.aspx?cat=188-dr469&cid=382-9#382-9>.
[44] Hiron Family of Alveston, DR 74/70-72, <http://www.nationalarchives.gov.uk/a2a/records.aspx?cat=188-dr74&cid=1-59#1-59>.
[45] Abstracts of Title, ER 4/541, <http://www.nationalarchives.gov.uk/a2a/records.aspx?cat=188-er4&cid=1-542#1-542>.
[46] Slatter Son and More, Solicitors, DR 469/453, <http://www.nationalarchives.gov.uk/a2a/records.aspx?cat=188-dr469&cid=382-51#382-51>.
[47] Hewitt family papers, Year Lease PA 1484/43/1, <http://www.nationalarchives.gov.uk/a2a/records.aspx?cat=144-pa1484&cid=2-157#2-157>.
[48] Miscellaneous Deeds and Papers, ER 3/444, <http://www.nationalarchives.gov.uk/a2a/records.aspx?cat=188-er3_1&cid=5-26#5-26>.
[49] Slatter Son and More, Solicitors, DR 469/433/x, <http://www.nationalarchives.gov.uk/a2a/records.aspx?cat=188-dr469&cid=375-1-8#375-1-8>.
[50] Hiron Family of Alveston, DR 74/50, <http://www.nationalarchives.gov.uk/a2a/records.aspx?cat=188-dr74&cid=1-43#1-43>.
[51] Slatter Son and More, Solicitors, DR 469/443/3, <http://www.nationalarchives.gov.uk/a2a/records.aspx?cat=188-dr469&cid=382-6#382-6>.
[52] Slatter Son and More, Solicitors, DR 469/433/ix, <http://www.nationalarchives.gov.uk/a2a/records.aspx?cat=188-dr469&cid=375-1-7#375-1-7>.
[53] Slatter Son and More, Solicitors, DR 469/447/11, <http://www.nationalarchives.gov.uk/a2a/records.aspx?cat=188-dr469&cid=382-43-11#382-43-11>.
[54] Stratford-upon-Avon High Street Deeds, DR192/4, <http://www.nationalarchives.gov.uk/a2a/records.aspx?cat=188-dr192&cid=1-3#1-3>.
[55] Slatter Son and More, Solicitors, DR 469/446/3, <http://www.nationalarchives.gov.uk/a2a/records.aspx?cat=188-dr469&cid=382-12#382-12>.
[56] Slatter Son and More, Solicitors, DR 469/440, <http://www.nationalarchives.gov.uk/a2a/records.aspx?cat=188-dr469&cid=380-1#380-1>.
[57] Deeds appendix Warwickshire, ER 3/2616, <http://www.nationalarchives.gov.uk/a2a/records.aspx?cat=188-er3_3&cid=12-2-18-8#12-2-18-8>.
[58] Slatter Son and More, Solicitors, DR 469/448/2, <http://www.nationalarchives.gov.uk/a2a/records.aspx?cat=188-dr469&cid=382-44-2#382-44-2>.
[59] Slatter Son and More, Solicitors, DR 469/443/1, <http://www.nationalarchives.gov.uk/a2a/records.aspx?cat=188-dr469&cid=382-4#382-4>.
[60] Slatter Son and More, Solicitors, DR 469/434, <http://www.nationalarchives.gov.uk/a2a/records.aspx?cat=188-dr469&cid=375-2#375-2>.
[61] Deeds appendix Warwickshire, ER 3/2618, <http://www.nationalarchives.gov.uk/a2a/records.aspx?cat=188-er3_3&cid=12-2-18-10#12-2-18-10>.
[62] Slatter, Son and More, Stratford-upon-Avon, DR444/6/2/20/4, <http://www.nationalarchives.gov.uk/a2a/records.aspx?cat=188-dr444&cid=6-2-20-4#6-2-20-4>.
[63] Slatter Son and More, Solicitors, of Stratford-upon-Avon, DR 165/319, <http://www.nationalarchives.gov.uk/a2a/records.aspx?cat=188-dr165&cid=2-286-1#2-286-1>.
[64] Stratford-upon-Avon deeds, DR306/44, <http://www.nationalarchives.gov.uk/a2a/records.aspx?cat=188-dr306&cid=38#38>.
[65] Hiron Family of Alveston, DR 74/66, <http://www.nationalarchives.gov.uk/a2a/records.aspx?cat=188-dr74&cid=1-56#1-56>.
[66] Deeds Appendix Stratford-upon-Avon, ER 3/119, <http://www.nationalarchives.gov.uk/a2a/records.aspx?cat=188-er3_1&cid=1-106#1-106>.
[67] Hewitt family papers, PA 1484/41/10, <http://www.nationalarchives.gov.uk/a2a/records.aspx?cat=144-pa1484&cid=2-127#2-127>.
[68] Deeds Appendix, Halford estate, ER 3/2345, <http://www.nationalarchives.gov.uk/a2a/records.aspx?cat=188-er3_3&cid=11-81#11-81>.
[69] Deeds, High Street, Stratford-upon-Avon, DR244/16-17, <http://www.nationalarchives.gov.uk/a2a/records.aspx?cat=188-dr244&cid=13#13>.
[70] Hiron Family of Alveston, DR 74/40, <http://www.nationalarchives.gov.uk/a2a/records.aspx?cat=188-dr74&cid=1-35#1-35>.
[71] Hewitt family papers, PA 1484/42/13, <http://www.nationalarchives.gov.uk/a2a/records.aspx?cat=144-pa1484&cid=2-152#2-152>.
[72] Slatter Son and More, Solicitors of Stratford-Upon-Avon, DR 469/450, <http://www.nationalarchives.gov.uk/a2a/records.aspx?cat=188-dr469&cid=382-46#382-46>.
[73] Slatter Son and More, Solicitors, DR 469/446/30, <http://www.nationalarchives.gov.uk/a2a/records.aspx?cat=188-dr469&cid=382-39#382-39>.
[74] Slatter Son and More, Solicitors, DR 469/446/9, <http://www.nationalarchives.gov.uk/a2a/records.aspx?cat=188-dr469&cid=382-18#382-18>.
[75] Hiron Family of Alveston, DR 74/75-76, <http://www.nationalarchives.gov.uk/a2a/records.aspx?cat=188-dr74&cid=1-62#1-62>.
[76] Slatter Son and More, Solicitors, DR 469/449/3, <http://www.nationalarchives.gov.uk/a2a/records.aspx?cat=188-dr469&cid=382-45-3#382-45-3>.
[77] Slatter Son and More, Solicitors, DR 469/433/iii&iv, <http://www.nationalarchives.gov.uk/a2a/records.aspx?cat=188-dr469&cid=375-1-2#375-1-2>.
[78] Series of manuscript volumes, Wills ER1/108/4, <http://www.nationalarchives.gov.uk/a2a/records.aspx?cat=188-er1&cid=5-2-4#5-2-4>.
[79] Slatter Son and More, Solicitors, DR 469/446/25, <http://www.nationalarchives.gov.uk/a2a/records.aspx?cat=188-dr469&cid=382-34#382-34>.
[80] Slatter Son and More, Solicitors, DR 469/446/12, <http://www.nationalarchives.gov.uk/a2a/records.aspx?cat=188-dr469&cid=382-21#382-21>.
[81] Hunt Family of Stratford-Upon-Avon, Solicitors, DR 42/668-9, <http://www.nationalarchives.gov.uk/a2a/records.aspx?cat=188-dr42&cid=666#666>.
[82] Edge of Strelley, DD/E/38/22, <http://www.nationalarchives.gov.uk/a2a/records.aspx?cat=157-dde_1&cid=38-22#38-22>.
[83] Abstracts of Title, ER 4/17, <http://www.nationalarchives.gov.uk/a2a/records.aspx?cat=188-er4&cid=1-17#1-17>.
[84] Halford estate, ER 3/2347, <http://www.nationalarchives.gov.uk/a2a/records.aspx?cat=188-er3_3&cid=11-83#11-83>.
[85] Halford estate, ER 3/2321, <http://www.nationalarchives.gov.uk/a2a/records.aspx?cat=188-er3_3&cid=11-67#11-67>.
[86] Miscellaneous Deeds and Papers, ER 3/563, <http://www.nationalarchives.gov.uk/a2a/records.aspx?cat=188-er3_1&cid=5-145#5-145>.
[87] Halford estate, ER 3/2328, <http://www.nationalarchives.gov.uk/a2a/records.aspx?cat=188-er3_3&cid=11-71#11-71>.
[88] Miscellaneous Deeds and Papers, ER 3/471, <http://www.nationalarchives.gov.uk/a2a/records.aspx?cat=188-er3_1&cid=5-53#5-53>.
[89] George Sherwood, Record Agent, ER101/64, <http://www.nationalarchives.gov.uk/a2a/records.aspx?cat=188-er101&cid=2-35#2-35>.
[90] George Sherwood, Record Agent, ER101/75, <http://www.nationalarchives.gov.uk/a2a/records.aspx?cat=188-er101&cid=3-2#3-2>.
[91] Slatter Son and More, Solicitors, DR 469/437, <http://www.nationalarchives.gov.uk/a2a/records.aspx?cat=188-dr469&cid=377-1#377-1>.
[92] Verney (Lords Willoughby De Broke) of Compton Verney, DR 98/1760, <http://www.nationalarchives.gov.uk/a2a/records.aspx?cat=188-dr98&cid=5-11#5-11>.
[93] Slatter Son and More, Solicitors, DR 469/215/ix, <http://www.nationalarchives.gov.uk/a2a/records.aspx?cat=188-dr469&cid=169-1-9#169-1-9>.
[94] Slatter Son and More, Solicitors, DR 469/445/2, <http://www.nationalarchives.gov.uk/a2a/records.aspx?cat=188-dr469&cid=382-54#382-54>.
[95] Slatter Son and More, Solicitors, DR 469/446/14, <http://www.nationalarchives.gov.uk/a2a/records.aspx?cat=188-dr469&cid=382-23#382-23>.
[96] Halford estate, ER 3/2297-2300, <http://www.nationalarchives.gov.uk/a2a/records.aspx?cat=188-er3_3&cid=11-54#11-54>.
[97] W.B. Bickley, antiquarian, MS 3069/Acc1906-002/192495, <http://www.nationalarchives.gov.uk/a2a/records.aspx?cat=143-ms3069_1&cid=2-45#2-45>.
[98] Hunt Family of Stratford-Upon-Avon, Solicitors, DR 42/438-9, <http://www.nationalarchives.gov.uk/a2a/records.aspx?cat=188-dr42&cid=438#438>.
[99] Edge of Strelley, Surveys, valuations and rentals, DD/E/106/1, <http://www.nationalarchives.gov.uk/a2a/records.aspx?cat=157-dde_3-1&cid=1-1-1-1#1-1-1-1>.
[100] Hunt Family of Stratford-Upon-Avon, Solicitors, DR 42/12, <http://www.nationalarchives.gov.uk/a2a/records.aspx?cat=188-dr42&cid=12#12>.
[101] Slatter Son and More, Solicitors, DR 469/433/i&ii, <http://www.nationalarchives.gov.uk/a2a/records.aspx?cat=188-dr469&cid=375-1-1#375-1-1>.
[102] Shottery Deeds, DR539/1-2, <http://www.nationalarchives.gov.uk/a2a/records.aspx?cat=188-dr539&cid=1-1#1-1>.
[103] Records of the Prerogative Court of Canterbury, PROB 11/1247, <http://www.nationalarchives.gov.uk/documentsonline/details-result.asp?queryType=1&resultcount=1&Edoc_Id=346173>.
[104] Deeds appendix Warwickshire, ER 3/2628, <http://www.nationalarchives.gov.uk/a2a/records.aspx?cat=188-er3_3&cid=12-2-18-20#12-2-18-20>.
[105] Slatter Son and More, Solicitors, DR 469/444, <http://www.nationalarchives.gov.uk/a2a/records.aspx?cat=188-dr469&cid=382-8#382-8>.
[106] Halford estate, ER 3/2343-4, <http://www.nationalarchives.gov.uk/a2a/records.aspx?cat=188-er3_3&cid=11-80#11-80>.
[107] Halford estate, ER 3/2329-31, <http://www.nationalarchives.gov.uk/a2a/records.aspx?cat=188-er3_3&cid=11-72#11-72>.
[108] Halford estate, ER 3/2302, <http://www.nationalarchives.gov.uk/a2a/records.aspx?cat=188-er3_3&cid=11-56#11-56>.
[109] Slatter Son and More, Solicitors, DR 469/451, <http://www.nationalarchives.gov.uk/a2a/records.aspx?cat=188-dr469&cid=382-47#382-47>.
[110] Hewitt family papers, PA 1484/42/10, <http://www.nationalarchives.gov.uk/a2a/records.aspx?cat=144-pa1484&cid=2-149#2-149>.
[111] High Street, Stratford-upon-Avon, DR244/18, <http://www.nationalarchives.gov.uk/a2a/records.aspx?cat=188-dr244&cid=14#14>.
[112] High Street, Stratford-upon-Avon Deeds, DR192/5, <http://www.nationalarchives.gov.uk/a2a/records.aspx?cat=188-dr192&cid=1-4#1-4>.
[113] Halford estate, ER 3/2306, <http://www.nationalarchives.gov.uk/a2a/records.aspx?cat=188-er3_3&cid=11-59#11-59>.
[114] Hiron Family of Alveston, DR 74/47, <http://www.nationalarchives.gov.uk/a2a/records.aspx?cat=188-dr74&cid=1-40#1-40>.
[115] Halford estate, ER 3/2313-5, <http://www.nationalarchives.gov.uk/a2a/records.aspx?cat=188-er3_3&cid=11-62#11-62>.
[116] Halford estate, ER 3/2307-9, <http://www.nationalarchives.gov.uk/a2a/records.aspx?cat=188-er3_3&cid=11-60#11-60>.
[117] Halford estate, ER 3/2304-5, <http://www.nationalarchives.gov.uk/a2a/records.aspx?cat=188-er3_3&cid=11-58#11-58>.
[118] Hiron Family of Alveston, DR 74/52-53, <http://www.nationalarchives.gov.uk/a2a/records.aspx?cat=188-dr74&cid=1-45#1-45>.
[119] Halford estate, ER 3/2351-2, <http://www.nationalarchives.gov.uk/a2a/records.aspx?cat=188-er3_3&cid=11-87#11-87>.
[120] Hewitt family papers, Quindene of Easter, 8 George I. Final Concord, PA 1484/42/4, <http://www.nationalarchives.gov.uk/a2a/records.aspx?cat=144-pa1484&cid=2-144#2-144>.
[121] Slatter Son and More, Solicitors, DR 469/446/15, <http://www.nationalarchives.gov.uk/a2a/records.aspx?cat=188-dr469&cid=382-24#382-24>.
[122] Hiron Family of Alveston, DR 74/73, <http://www.nationalarchives.gov.uk/a2a/records.aspx?cat=188-dr74&cid=1-60#1-60>.
[123] Slatter Son and More, Solicitors, DR 469/449/1, <http://www.nationalarchives.gov.uk/a2a/records.aspx?cat=188-dr469&cid=382-45-1#382-45-1>.
[124] W B Bickley, antiquarian, MS 3069/Acc1906-002/192494, <http://www.nationalarchives.gov.uk/a2a/records.aspx?cat=143-ms3069_1&cid=2-44#2-44>.
[125] Halford estate, ER 3/2339, <http://www.nationalarchives.gov.uk/a2a/records.aspx?cat=188-er3_3&cid=11-77#11-77>.
[126] Halford estate, ER 3/2324-5, <http://www.nationalarchives.gov.uk/a2a/records.aspx?cat=188-er3_3&cid=11-69#11-69>.
[127] Halford estate, ER 3/2310-12, <http://www.nationalarchives.gov.uk/a2a/records.aspx?cat=188-er3_3&cid=11-61#11-61>.
[128] Halford estate, ER 3/2295-6, <http://www.nationalarchives.gov.uk/a2a/records.aspx?cat=188-er3_3&cid=11-53#11-53>.
[129] Stratford-upon-Avon deeds, DR65/50, <http://www.nationalarchives.gov.uk/a2a/records.aspx?cat=188-dr65&cid=7-4#7-4>.
[130] Will of Edward Townsend Higgins, Gentleman of Alveston, Warwickshire, Records of the Prerogative Court of Canterbury, PROB 11/1531, <http://www.nationalarchives.gov.uk/documentsonline/details-result.asp?queryType=1&resultcount=1&Edoc_Id=969112>.
[131] Will of Thomas Townsend, Gentleman of Alveston, Records of the Prerogative Court of Canterbury, PROB 11/833, <http://www.nationalarchives.gov.uk/documentsonline/details-result.asp?queryType=1&resultcount=1&Edoc_Id=621492>.
[132] Slatter Son and More, DR 469/455/7, <http://www.nationalarchives.gov.uk/a2a/records.aspx?cat=188-dr469&cid=382-59#382-59>.
[133] Slatter Son and More, DR 469/446/27, <http://www.nationalarchives.gov.uk/a2a/records.aspx?cat=188-dr469&cid=382-36#382-36>.
[134] Slatter Son and More, DR 469/443/4, <http://www.nationalarchives.gov.uk/a2a/records.aspx?cat=188-dr469&cid=382-7#382-7>.
[135] Hewitt family papers, PA 1484/41/12, <http://www.nationalarchives.gov.uk/a2a/records.aspx?cat=144-pa1484&cid=2-129#2-129>.
[136] Deeds Appendix Stratford-upon-Avon, ER 3/2430, <http://www.nationalarchives.gov.uk/a2a/records.aspx?cat=188-er3_3&cid=12-1-5#12-1-5>.
[137] Halford estate, ER 3/2322-3, <http://www.nationalarchives.gov.uk/a2a/records.aspx?cat=188-er3_3&cid=11-68#11-68>.
[138] Miscellaneous papers, ER1/108/6, <http://www.nationalarchives.gov.uk/a2a/records.aspx?cat=188-er1&cid=5-2-6#5-2-6>.
[139] Stratford-upon-Avon and Hampton Lucy Peculiars, DR148/2/42, <http://www.nationalarchives.gov.uk/a2a/records.aspx?cat=188-dr148&cid=2-42#2-42>.
[140] Slatter Son and More, DR 469/402/10, <http://www.nationalarchives.gov.uk/a2a/records.aspx?cat=188-dr469&cid=347-1-10#347-1-10>.
[141] George Sherwood, Record Agent, ER101/77, <http://www.nationalarchives.gov.uk/a2a/records.aspx?cat=188-er101&cid=3-4#3-4>.
[142] Deeds appendix, HALFORD ER 3/4364, <http://www.nationalarchives.gov.uk/a2a/records.aspx?cat=188-er3_4&cid=35-211#35-211>.
[143] Settlements, Wills, Titles, Executorship & Cognate Papers, DD/E/105/172, <http://www.nationalarchives.gov.uk/a2a/records.aspx?cat=157-dde_2&cid=2-18-21-6#2-18-21-6>.
[144] Hewitt family papers, PA 1484/42/5, <http://www.nationalarchives.gov.uk/a2a/records.aspx?cat=144-pa1484&cid=2-145#2-145>.
[145] Will of Thomas Townsend, Gentleman of Alveston, Warwickshire, Records of the Prerogative Court of Canterbury, PROB 11/604, <http://www.nationalarchives.gov.uk/documentsonline/details-result.asp?queryType=1&resultcount=1&Edoc_Id=6310>.
[146] Hiron Family of Alveston, DR 74/48, <http://www.nationalarchives.gov.uk/a2a/records.aspx?cat=188-dr74&cid=1-41#1-41>.
[147] Deeds: Stratford-upon-Avon, ER 2/67, <http://www.nationalarchives.gov.uk/a2a/records.aspx?cat=188-er2&cid=1-1-67#1-1-67>.
[148] Records of the Stratford-upon-Avon Corporation, BRU12/7/355, <http://www.nationalarchives.gov.uk/a2a/records.aspx?cat=188-br_1-1&cid=1-12-7-352#1-12-7-352>; Records of the Stratford-upon-Avon Corporation, BRU12/7/356, <http://www.nationalarchives.gov.uk/a2a/records.aspx?cat=188-br_1-1&cid=1-12-7-353#1-12-7-353>.
[149] Hiron Family of Alveston, DR 74/68-69, <http://www.nationalarchives.gov.uk/a2a/records.aspx?cat=188-dr74&cid=1-58#1-58>.
[150] Hewitt family papers, Lease and Marriage Settlement, PA 1484/42/2-3, <http://www.nationalarchives.gov.uk/a2a/records.aspx?cat=144-pa1484&cid=2-143#2-143>.
[151] Hewitt family papers, Assignment of Mortgages, PA 1484/42/6, <http://www.nationalarchives.gov.uk/a2a/records.aspx?cat=144-pa1484&cid=2-146#2-146>.
[152] Hewitt family papers, Lease and Release, PA 1484/42/7-8, <http://www.nationalarchives.gov.uk/a2a/records.aspx?cat=144-pa1484&cid=2-147#2-147>.
[153] Deeds appendix: Solicitors' deposits from the offices of Frederick Lane and Thomas Hunt, ER 3/1414, <http://www.nationalarchives.gov.uk/a2a/records.aspx?cat=188-er3_2&cid=1-728#1-728>.
[154] Slatter Son and More, DR 469/446/29, <http://www.nationalarchives.gov.uk/a2a/records.aspx?cat=188-dr469&cid=382-38#382-38>.
[155] Abstracts of Title, ER 4/558, <http://www.nationalarchives.gov.uk/a2a/records.aspx?cat=188-er4&cid=1-559#1-559>.
[156] Miscellaneous Wills, ER5/88, <http://www.nationalarchives.gov.uk/a2a/records.aspx?cat=188-er5&cid=88#88>.
[157] Slatter Son and More, DR 469/446/7, <http://www.nationalarchives.gov.uk/a2a/records.aspx?cat=188-dr469&cid=382-16#382-16>.
[158] "The registers of Stratford-on-Avon : in the county of Warwick", Vol.6 Baptisms 1558-1652, Richard Savage, Private printing for the Parish Register Society, 1897, <http://www.archive.org/details/registersofstrat06stra>.
[159] "The registers of Stratford-on-Avon : in the county of Warwick", Vol.55 Burials 1558-1653, Richard Savage, Private printing for the Parish Register Society, 1897, <http://www.archive.org/details/registersofstrat55stra>.
[160] Miscellaneous Deeds and Papers, ER 3/638, <http://www.nationalarchives.gov.uk/a2a/records.aspx?cat=188-er3_1&cid=5-220#5-220>.
[161] George Sherwood, Record Agent, ER101/58, <http://www.nationalarchives.gov.uk/a2a/records.aspx?cat=188-er101&cid=2-29#2-29>.
[162] Miscellaneous genealogical papers, ER20/125, <http://www.nationalarchives.gov.uk/a2a/records.aspx?cat=188-er20&cid=122#122>.
[163] Abstracts of Title, ER 4/287, <http://www.nationalarchives.gov.uk/a2a/records.aspx?cat=188-er4&cid=1-288#1-288>.
[164] Abstracts of Title, ER 4/247, <http://www.nationalarchives.gov.uk/a2a/records.aspx?cat=188-er4&cid=1-248#1-248>.
[165] Hewitt family papers, PA 1484/42/10, <http://www.nationalarchives.gov.uk/a2a/records.aspx?cat=144-pa1484&cid=2-150#2-150>.
[166] Hiron Family of Alveston, DR 74/67, <http://www.nationalarchives.gov.uk/a2a/records.aspx?cat=188-dr74&cid=1-57#1-57>.
[167] Halford estate, ER 3/2320, <http://www.nationalarchives.gov.uk/a2a/records.aspx?cat=188-er3_3&cid=11-66#11-66>.
[168] High Street, Stratford-upon-Avon, DR266/35, <http://www.nationalarchives.gov.uk/a2a/records.aspx?cat=188-dr266&cid=3-1#3-1>.
[169] Hiron Family of Alveston, DR 74/81-82, <http://www.nationalarchives.gov.uk/a2a/records.aspx?cat=188-dr74&cid=1-66#1-66>.
[170] W.B. Bickley, antiquarian, MS 3069/Acc1906-002/192500, <http://www.nationalarchives.gov.uk/a2a/records.aspx?cat=143-ms3069_1&cid=2-50#2-50>.
[171] Archer of Tanworth, DR 37/2/Box 92/13, <http://www.nationalarchives.gov.uk/a2a/records.aspx?cat=188-dr37_1&cid=2-21-13#2-21-13>.
[172] Records of the Stratford-upon-Avon Corporation, BRU12/5/123, <http://www.nationalarchives.gov.uk/a2a/records.aspx?cat=188-br_1-1&cid=1-12-5-123#1-12-5-123>. Also Records of the Stratford-upon-Avon Corporation, BRU12/5/138, <http://www.nationalarchives.gov.uk/a2a/records.aspx?cat=188-br_1-1&cid=1-12-5-138#1-12-5-138>.
[173] Records of the Stratford-upon-Avon Corporation, BRU15/13/69, <http://www.nationalarchives.gov.uk/a2a/records.aspx?cat=188-br_1-2&cid=1-1-13-65#1-1-13-65>.
[174] Deeds appendix, ER 3/1300, <http://www.nationalarchives.gov.uk/a2a/records.aspx?cat=188-er3_2&cid=1-614#1-614>.
[175] Robert Lunn and Lowth, Stratford-Upon-Avon, Solicitors, DR 27/233, <http://www.nationalarchives.gov.uk/a2a/records.aspx?cat=188-dr27&cid=118-2#118-2>.
[176] Hunt Family of Stratford-Upon-Avon, Solicitors, DR 42/13, <http://www.nationalarchives.gov.uk/a2a/records.aspx?cat=188-dr42&cid=13#13>.
[177] Sale Particulars, ER6/122/1-2, <http://www.nationalarchives.gov.uk/a2a/records.aspx?cat=188-er6&cid=1-121-1#1-121-1>.
[178] Slatter Son and More, Solicitors, of Stratford-upon-Avon, DR 149/152/37, <http://www.nationalarchives.gov.uk/a2a/records.aspx?cat=188-dr149&cid=8-1-37#8-1-37>.
[179] Deeds: Old Stratford, Shottery, Welcombe, Wilmcote, etc., ER 2/437, <http://www.nationalarchives.gov.uk/a2a/records.aspx?cat=188-er2&cid=1-3-3#1-3-3>.
[180] Prerogative Court of Canterbury and related Probate Jurisdictions: Will Registers, PROB 11/167, <http://www.nationalarchives.gov.uk/documentsonline/details-result.asp?queryType=1&resultcount=1&Edoc_Id=936491>.
[181] Records of the Stratford-upon-Avon Corporation, BRU15/1/7, <http://www.nationalarchives.gov.uk/a2a/records.aspx?cat=188-br_1-2&cid=1-1-1-7#1-1-1-7>.
[182] Records of the Stratford-upon-Avon Corporation, BRU12/5/300, <http://www.nationalarchives.gov.uk/a2a/records.aspx?cat=188-br_1-1&cid=1-12-5-300#1-12-5-300>.
[183] Slatter Son and More, Solicitors, DR 469/372/1, <http://www.nationalarchives.gov.uk/a2a/records.aspx?cat=188-dr469&cid=317-1-1#317-1-1>.
[184] Deeds Stratford-upon-Avon, ER 2/17, <http://www.nationalarchives.gov.uk/a2a/records.aspx?cat=188-er2&cid=1-1-17#1-1-17>.
[185] Slatter Son and More, Solicitors, DR 469/372/2, <http://www.nationalarchives.gov.uk/a2a/records.aspx?cat=188-dr469&cid=317-1-2#317-1-2>.
[186] Records of the Stratford-upon-Avon Corporation, Chapel Lane BRU8/3/7, <http://www.nationalarchives.gov.uk/a2a/records.aspx?cat=188-br_1-1&cid=1-8-3-7#1-8-3-7>.
[187] Records of the Stratford-upon-Avon Corporation, BRU15/4/190, <http://www.nationalarchives.gov.uk/a2a/records.aspx?cat=188-br_1-2&cid=1-1-4-190#1-1-4-190>.
[188] Records of the Stratford-upon-Avon Corporation, BRU8/3/3, <http://www.nationalarchives.gov.uk/a2a/records.aspx?cat=188-br_1-1&cid=1-8-3-3#1-8-3-3>.
[189] Wheler Papers, ER1/1/65, <http://www.nationalarchives.gov.uk/a2a/records.aspx?cat=188-er1&cid=1-1-65#1-1-65>.
[190] William Shakespeare's will, <http://www.nationalarchives.gov.uk/museum/additional_image_types.asp?item_id=21&image_id=29&extra_image_type_id=2>.
[191] "Shakespeare's church, otherwise the collegiate church of the Holy Trinity of Stratford-upon-Avon; an architectural and ecclesiastical history of the fabric and its ornaments", James Harvey Bloom & L. C. Keighly Peach, 1902, T. F. Unwin Pub, pp.168-169,174-175,215,226, <http://www.archive.org/details/cu31924028220055>.[192] Stratford-upon-Avon Borough Sessions, BRT4/1/1/21, <http://www.nationalarchives.gov.uk/a2a/records.aspx?cat=188-brt4&cid=1-1-21#1-1-21>.
[193] Stratford-upon-Avon Borough Sessions, BRT4/1/1/16, <http://www.nationalarchives.gov.uk/a2a/records.aspx?cat=188-brt4&cid=1-1-16#1-1-16>.
[194] Records of the Stratford-upon-Avon Corporation, BRU15/5/72, <http://www.nationalarchives.gov.uk/a2a/records.aspx?cat=188-br_1-2&cid=1-1-5-72#1-1-5-72>.
[195] Records of the Stratford-upon-Avon Corporation, BRU12/7/278, <http://www.nationalarchives.gov.uk/a2a/records.aspx?cat=188-br_1-1&cid=1-12-7-275#1-12-7-275>. Also, ibid, BRU12/7/229, <http://www.nationalarchives.gov.uk/a2a/records.aspx?cat=188-br_1-1&cid=1-12-7-226#1-12-7-226>.
[196] Records of the Stratford-upon-Avon Corporation, BRU15/13/50, <http://www.nationalarchives.gov.uk/a2a/records.aspx?cat=188-br_1-2&cid=1-1-13-46#1-1-13-46>.
[197] Deeds Appendix, Rother Street ER 3/4642, <http://www.nationalarchives.gov.uk/a2a/records.aspx?cat=188-er3_4&cid=35-455#35-455>.
[198] Records of the Stratford-upon-Avon Corporation, BRU8/10/21, <http://www.nationalarchives.gov.uk/a2a/records.aspx?cat=188-br_1-1&cid=1-8-10-21#1-8-10-21>.
[199] Abstracts of Title, ER 4/280, <http://www.nationalarchives.gov.uk/a2a/records.aspx?cat=188-er4&cid=1-281#1-281>.
[200] Records of the Stratford-upon-Avon Corporation, BRU8/17/31, <http://www.nationalarchives.gov.uk/a2a/records.aspx?cat=188-br_1-1&cid=1-8-17-31#1-8-17-31>.
[201] Deeds: Old Stratford, Shottery, Welcombe, Wilmote, etc., ER 2/453, <http://www.nationalarchives.gov.uk/a2a/records.aspx?cat=188-er2&cid=1-3-19#1-3-19>.
[202] Tomes of Long Marston Deeds, Mickleton, L3/92, <http://www.nationalarchives.gov.uk/a2a/records.aspx?cat=187-l3&cid=1-7-28#1-7-28>.
[203] Records of the Stratford-upon-Avon Corporation, Expired leases, BRU8/17/33, <http://www.nationalarchives.gov.uk/a2a/records.aspx?cat=188-br_1-1&cid=1-8-17-33#1-8-17-33>.
[204] Deeds Stratford-upon-Avon, ER 2/77, <http://www.nationalarchives.gov.uk/a2a/records.aspx?cat=188-er2&cid=1-1-77#1-1-77>.
[205] Wheler Papers, ER1/1/120, <http://www.nationalarchives.gov.uk/a2a/records.aspx?cat=188-er1&cid=1-1-121#1-1-121>.
[206] Records of the Stratford-upon-Avon Corporation, BRT8/202/41, <http://www.nationalarchives.gov.uk/a2a/records.aspx?cat=188-br_3-2&cid=1-6-3-194-41#1-6-3-194-41>.
[207] Wheeler papers, ER1/1/125, <http://www.nationalarchives.gov.uk/a2a/records.aspx?cat=188-er1&cid=1-1-126#1-1-126>.
[208] Deeds Appendix, Stratford-upon-Avon, ER 3/2431-2, <http://www.nationalarchives.gov.uk/a2a/records.aspx?cat=188-er3_3&cid=12-1-6#12-1-6>.
[209] Deeds: Old Stratford, Shottery, Welcombe, Wilmote, etc., ER 2/467, <http://www.nationalarchives.gov.uk/a2a/records.aspx?cat=188-er2&cid=1-3-33#1-3-33>.
[210] Records of the Stratford-upon-Avon Corporation, BRU15/14/71, <http://www.nationalarchives.gov.uk/a2a/records.aspx?cat=188-br_1-2&cid=1-1-14-71#1-1-14-71>.
[211] Records of the Stratford-upon-Avon Corporation, Expired Leases, BRU8/17/35, <http://www.nationalarchives.gov.uk/a2a/records.aspx?cat=188-br_1-1&cid=1-8-17-35#1-8-17-35>.
[212] Deeds Old Stratford, Shottery, Welcombe, Wilmote, etc., ER 2/470, <http://www.nationalarchives.gov.uk/a2a/records.aspx?cat=188-er2&cid=1-3-36#1-3-36>.
[213] Deeds Old Stratford, Shottery, Welcombe, Wilmote, etc., ER 2/471,472, <http://www.nationalarchives.gov.uk/a2a/records.aspx?cat=188-er2&cid=1-3-37#1-3-37>.
[214] Hunt Family of Stratford-Upon-Avon, DR 42/680, <http://www.nationalarchives.gov.uk/a2a/records.aspx?cat=188-dr42&cid=678#678>.
[215] Hunt Family of Stratford-Upon-Avon, DR 42/680a, <http://www.nationalarchives.gov.uk/a2a/records.aspx?cat=188-dr42&cid=679#679>.
[216] Deeds Old Stratford, Shottery, Welcombe, Wilmote, etc., ER 2/473, <http://www.nationalarchives.gov.uk/a2a/records.aspx?cat=188-er2&cid=1-3-38#1-3-38>.
[217] Deeds Appendix Stratford-upon-Avon, ER 3/36,37, <http://www.nationalarchives.gov.uk/a2a/records.aspx?cat=188-er3_1&cid=1-34#1-34>.
[218] Deeds Old Stratford, Shottery, Welcombe, Wilmcote, etc, ER 2/477, <http://www.nationalarchives.gov.uk/a2a/records.aspx?cat=188-er2&cid=1-3-42#1-3-42>.
[219] Deeds Old Stratford, Shottery, Welcombe, Wilmcote, etc., ER 2/480, <http://www.nationalarchives.gov.uk/a2a/records.aspx?cat=188-er2&cid=1-3-44#1-3-44>.
[220] Wheler Papers, ER1/1/136, <http://www.nationalarchives.gov.uk/a2a/records.aspx?cat=188-er1&cid=1-1-137#1-1-137>.
[221] Wheeler papers, ER1/1/137, <http://www.nationalarchives.gov.uk/a2a/records.aspx?cat=188-er1&cid=1-1-138#1-1-138>.
[222] Deeds Old Stratford, Shottery, Welcombe, Wilmcote, etc., ER 2/482, <http://www.nationalarchives.gov.uk/a2a/records.aspx?cat=188-er2&cid=1-3-46#1-3-46>.
[223] Wheeler papers, ER1/1/140, <http://www.nationalarchives.gov.uk/a2a/records.aspx?cat=188-er1&cid=1-1-141#1-1-141>.
[224] Deeds Appendix, Stratford-upon-Avon, ER 3/2444, <http://www.nationalarchives.gov.uk/a2a/records.aspx?cat=188-er3_3&cid=12-1-18#12-1-18>.
[225] Deeds Stratford-upon-Avon, ER 2/112, <http://www.nationalarchives.gov.uk/a2a/records.aspx?cat=188-er2&cid=1-1-111#1-1-111>.
[226] Stratford-upon-Avon Papers, ER11/36/5, <http://www.nationalarchives.gov.uk/a2a/records.aspx?cat=188-er11&cid=36-5#36-5>.
[227] The London Chronicle, Vol.XIII No.1011, Thursday, 16/6/1763, <http://books.google.com.au/books?id=8DRSAAAAYAAJ>.
[228] Some Selected Reports from Berrow's Worcester Journal, Thursday, 16/6/1763, <http://freepages.genealogy.rootsweb.ancestry.com/~dutillieul/ZOtherPapers/NewBWJ16Jun1763.html>.
[229] A Description of the Collegiate Church, p.65, <http://brittlebooks.library.illinois.edu/brittlebooks_open/Books2010-04/whelro0001hisand/whelro0001hisand_ocr.txt>.
[230] Records of the Stratford-upon-Avon Corporation, Expired leases, BRU8/15/23, <http://www.nationalarchives.gov.uk/a2a/records.aspx?cat=188-br_1-1&cid=1-8-15-23#1-8-15-23>.
[231] Records of the Stratford-upon-Avon Corporation, BRU15/13/90, <http://www.nationalarchives.gov.uk/a2a/records.aspx?cat=188-br_1-2&cid=1-1-13-86#1-1-13-86>.
[232] Records of the Stratford-upon-Avon Corporation, BRU15/5/214, <http://www.nationalarchives.gov.uk/a2a/records.aspx?cat=188-br_1-2&cid=1-1-5-214#1-1-5-214>.
[233] Records of the Stratford-upon-Avon Corporation, BRU15/11/6, <http://www.nationalarchives.gov.uk/a2a/records.aspx?cat=188-br_1-2&cid=1-1-11-6#1-1-11-6>.
[234] The Walfords of Stratford, <http://www.donatopresents.com/shakespeare/walfords.html>.
[235] 'The borough of Stratford-upon-Avon: Borough', A History of the County of Warwick: Volume 3: Barlichway hundred (1945), pp.247-258, <http://www.british-history.ac.uk/report.aspx?compid=57018>.
[236] Stratford Charity deeds, Tyler's charity, <http://www.nationalarchives.gov.uk/a2a/records.aspx?cat=188-dr535&cid=6#6>.
[237] Stratford Charity Deeds, DR535/35-6, <http://www.nationalarchives.gov.uk/a2a/records.aspx?cat=188-dr535&cid=6-1#6-1>.
[238] Colbourne Williams, DR 149/116/13, <http://www.nationalarchives.gov.uk/a2a/records.aspx?cat=188-dr149&cid=5-4-1-13#5-4-1-13>.
[239] House of Commons papers, Great Britain, HMSO, 1834, pp.471-473, <http://books.google.com.au/books?id=3EcSAAAAYAAJ>.
[240] Stratford-upon-Avon Town Council: Bailiff's & Mayors, <http://www.stratforduponavontowncouncil.com/content/civic-history>.
[241] "History and antiquities of Stratford-upon-Avon: comprising a description of the collegiate church, the life of Shakespeare, and copies of several documents relating to him and his family, never before printed : with a biographical sketch of other eminent characters, natives of, or who have resided in Stratford : to which is added, a particular account of the jubilee, celebrated at Stratford, in honour of our immortal bard", Robert Bell Wheler & Francis Eginton, 1806, J. Ward, Stratford (printer), pp.62,65,88, <http://www.archive.org/details/historyantiquiti00whel>.
[242] "The Plays and Poems of William Shakspeare With the Corrections and Illustrations of various Commentators", Edmond Malone, Vol II, 1821, C. Baldwin, printer, pp.76,77,83,141,166, <http://www.archive.org/details/playsandpoemswi07johngoog>.
[243] "Minutes & Accounts of the Corporation of Stratford-Upon-Avon & Other Records 1553-1620", Richard Savage (transcriber), Vol II (1566-1577), published for the Dugale Society by Oxford University Press, 1924, pp.xi, 1, 3, 4-6, 8-10, 12-14, 19, 22, 24, 28, 31-32, 37-38, 50-52, 54-55, 60-64, 67, 71, 74, 76, 79, 81, 86-87, 90-91, 99, 101-102, 107-108, 111-112, 116-117, <http://www.archive.org/details/publicationsdugd03dugduoft>.
[244] "Minutes & Accounts of the Corporation of Stratford-Upon-Avon & Other Records 1553-1620", Richard Savage (transcriber), Vol V (1577-1586), published for the Dugale Society by Oxford University Press, 1926, p.1, 3, 9-10, 18-21, 23, 29, 32, 34-40, 52, 70, 74-75, 81, 85, 90-93, 99-102, 104, 106, 109-111, 114, 119-123, 125-130, 132, 139-145, 151-154, 156-157, 161-163, 165-167, 169-170, <http://www.archive.org/details/publicationsdugd05dugduoft>.
[245] "Minutes & Accounts of the Corporation of Stratford-Upon-Avon & Other Records 1553-1620", Richard Savage (transcriber), Vol X (1586-1592), published for the Dugale Society by Oxford University Press, 1929, pp.xvii, xxiii-xxiv, 8, 9, 11-12, 18-22, 24-25, 27-29, 33-39, 45-53, 67, 69, 88-92, 119-120, 126, 128, 130-132, 133, 135-139, 141-142, 146-147, 152-153, 158, 163-165, <http://www.archive.org/details/publicationsdugd10dugduoft>.
[246] "Minutes & Accounts of the Corporation of Stratford-Upon-Avon & Other Records 1553-1620", Richard Savage (transcriber), Vol I (1553-1566), published for the Dugale Society by Oxford University Press, 1921, pp.xxiii-xxiv, xlvi, xlvii, li, lv, lvii-lviii, 74, 87, 98, 101, 108, 110-111, 123, 129-131, 136-137, 144, 146-148, <http://www.archive.org/details/publicationsdugd01dugduoft>.
[247] "The vestry minute-book of the parish of Stratford-On-Avon from 1617 to 1699 A.D", Bedford Press (no author or publication date given), pp.17-19, 21-23, 25-26, 28, 31-34, 38, 40-41, 43, 45-46, 50, 53, 56-58, 61, 79, 82, 95-96, 99, 102-105, 107-108, 110-111, 113-119, 121-123, 128, 149, 152, 158, <http://www.archive.org/details/cu31924028220139>.
[248] "Shakespeare's friends", Kate Pogue, Greenwood Publishing Group, 2006, pp.20-22, <http://books.google.com.au/books?id=Oy29eyCMNycC>.

[249] Parish Register transcription, St Nicholas Church, Loxley, Warwickshire, by Michael Gadd, <http://www.loxleyvillage.com>. Baptisms 1581-1879, Burials 1541-1949 & Marriages 1539-1952.
[250] Personal correspondence, Gillian Taylor, 2/5/2015, 22/6/2015. Cites will of Thomas Townsend, 1619; Extracts for: Shakespeare Centre Library and Archive: DR41/26, DR41/72, DR 469/445, DR 469/433/(i,ii,iii,iv), DR 469/433/(ix,x,xi), DR 469/437, DR 469/444, DR 469/445, DR 469/446/3, DR 469/446/4, DR 469/446/5, DR 469/446/7, DR 469/446/8, DR 469/446/8-9, DR 469/446/10, DR 469/446/11, DR 469/446/12, DR 469/446/13, DR 469/446/13/(i,ii,iii), DR 469/446/14, DR 469/446/17, DR 469/446/16, DR 469/446/15, DR 469/452/2, DR 469/446/22, DR 469/446/22, DR 469/446/21, DR 469/446/20, DR 469/446/18, DR 469/440, DR 469/442/1-2, DR 469/442/3-4, DR 469/442/5, DR 469/443/1, DR 469/443/2, DR 469/443/3, DR 469/443/4, DR 469/446/1, DR 469/447, DR 469/449/(1,2,3), DR 469/450, DR 469/453, ER101/58, DR 469/452/1, PROB11/185, ER101/61-77; Coventry Archives: PA 1484/42/4, DR17/8 (Manor Court Rolls), Alveston TS - ER82/3/4, Treddington PRs, PROB 11/212/489, ER101/64, ER101/75, DR 469/454, DR 469/451, Quaker Registers TNA/PRO.
[251] "The Life of William Shakespeare: Including Many Particulars Respecting the Poet and His Family", James Orchard Halliwell-Phillipps, John Russell Smith (Pub), 1848, p.8, <https://archive.org/details/lifewilliamshak00hallgoog>.
[252] Notes from Shakespeare's Haunts near Stratford, E. I. Fripp, p.88, <http://freepages.genealogy.rootsweb.ancestry.com/~shakespeare/books/fripp/index.htm>. Relevant sources not listed but quotes from wills of John Townsend (1546) & Margaret Townsend (1558), as well as sources [251] & [253].
[253] Shakespeare Birthplace Trust Deeds: ER 2/428, <http://discovery.nationalarchives.gov.uk/details/rd/69f432fd-3e6a-43ce-9dda-49ab303e0b5b>.
[254] Court of Chancery, Six Clerks Office: C 1/1222/61-70, <http://discovery.nationalarchives.gov.uk/details/r/C7497306>.
[255] "A calendar of wills and administrations registered in the consistory court of the Bishop of Worcester, 1451-1642", Vol.1: 1451-1600, Edward Alexander Fry, British Record Society (Pub), 1904, <https://archive.org/details/calendarofwillsa01worcuoft>.
[256] Anthony Daffy's Account Book, p.138, published in Medical History Supplement, 2005; (25): 101–158, <http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC2642001/pdf/medhistsuppl00047-0108.pdf>.