Descendants of Ann Morrison of Co Down, Ireland & thence to NSW, Australia

Synopsis: Descendants of Ann Morrison of Co Down, Ireland & thence to NSW, Australia

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Surname Index Page William Browne of Carrickbeg, Co Waterford Ann Morrison of Co Down, Ireland Sources


Ann's ancestry is unknown and it is almost certain that no records of her birth or parentage survive. The County Down Museum (formerly the Co Down Gaol) has an exhibit on Ann - as an example of one of the many Down natives who were convicted, imprisoned in the gaol and then transported to Australia. The Museum was unable to find in Ireland any surviving record of Ann prior to her trial in 1820 and in fact contacted descendants living in Australia in the vain hope that Ann brought that information to Australia with her (she didn't). Ann was presumably of English or Scottish ancestry - whilst her convict records do not give any indication of her religion (or place of birth or parentage, for that matter), after she married a Roman Catholic she was then baptised into the church of her husband, indicating she was previously a protestant.


1. Anne Morrison,[65,69] born c.1787/1790, Co Down, Ireland.[1,2,6,7,13,24,25,47,58,148] Baptised 2/9/1823, Airds County (Campbelltown), NSW, Australia (registered St Mary's, Sydney), by the rites of the Roman Catholic church.[1,6,13] {See note [86] re location of baptism} Ann was not a Roman Catholic & after her marriage both Ann & her son, Samuel, were baptised into her husband's faith.[1,13] Died 19/6/1858,[1,2,10,13,58,148] Narellan, Camden district, NSW, Australia (70yo).[1,6,10,13,35,58,148] Ann's death certificate notes she was the "widow of a farmer & inn keeper".[58] Cause of death was 'old age'.[58] The informant for Ann's death was her son, William, who gave Ann's children as Mary Ann (32yo), William (30yo) & Margaret (deceased), curiously no mention was made of Samuel.[35,58] Ann was buried 21/6/1858,[58] with her husband, St John the Evangelist Graveyard (Roman Catholic), cnr George & Broughton Streets, Campbelltown, NSW, Australia (separate headstones).[1,2,6,10,47,58] Father John Paul Roche, priest at St John's, officiated at her burial.[58] Her gravestone reads:
  "Sacred/to the memory of/Anne Brown,/Who departed this life/June 19th, 1858,/Aged 70 years./May the Lord have Mercy upon her Soul/And many troubles she has seen/A tender Mother she has been/and now her body lies here at rest/We hope that Christ her Soul will bless/also/Charles Brown/died January 12th 1861/aged 2 years and 20 days/and also/Mary Brown/died February 16th 1862/age 1 year and 6 months."[10,48]  
{DOD taken from gravestone.[10] Some secondary sources give a DOD of 10/6/1858.[1,6]} Ann was convicted of knowingly possessing a forged note of the Bank of Ireland,[1,6,21,24,148] 22/3/1820, at the Down Assizes, Downpatrick, Co Down, Ireland,[1,2,6,7,8,21,111,148] and sentenced to 14 years transportation.[1,2,6,7,21,24,25,111,148] Prior to transportation she was an inmate of the Down County Gaol.[6,21] {The gaol, which was built around 1790,[21] is now the Down County Museum and life-sized models of Ann and her son, Samuel, are on exhibit in the restored Cell Block.[6,21]} Transported to Sydney, NSW, Australia, on the "John Bull",[1,6,7,8,23,24,148] departed Cork, Ireland, on 25/7/1821,[8,23,24,148] and arrived Port Jackson, Sydney, NSW, Australia, 18/12/1821.[1,6,7,8,21,23,24,148] Her description, on arrival, was given as 33yo, pock-pitted complexion, hazel eyes & dark brown hair, with her occupation listed as country servant.[1,6,21,24,25,148] Upon arrival Ann was transferred to the "Female Factory" at Parramatta where she remained until she married in 1823.[1,2,24] {Ann probably remained at the 'Factory' for such a comparatively long time since she had a child - female convicts remained at the Factory until they were chosen as a wife or household servant, the existence of a child would have been a disincentive for either of these fates} Ann received her ticket of leave (No.29/1028) on 28/12/1829,[1,6,24,111,148] "granted in pursuance of the Government order of the 17th March 1829", to remain in the District of Airds, on recommendation of the Airds Bench, dated 22/9/1829.[111] Received her complete freedom when her sentence expired in 1834.[1,2]
About 1831 Ann's husband, John Brown, bought 10 acres of land facing onto the Cowpasture Road at Narellan[1] from William Howe, the Campbelltown Police Magistrate, a corner lot near the Junction at Narellan.[35] John built a brick dwelling on the property & from 1831 until his death in 1835 John & Ann operated a licensed inn from this dwelling, named the "Currency Lass".[1,2,6,24,26] {a currency lad or lass was a term for the first generation of colony-born children. John no doubt named the inn in honour of his daughters} John acquired yearly publican licenses for the Currency Lass dated 28/6/1832, 4/7/1833, 25/6/1834 & 8/7/1835.[6,45] The inn was located on Cowpasture Road at the intersection of the roads from Campbelltown (present day Narellan Road) & Sydney (Cowpasture Road, now Camden Valley Way).[24] A Publican's Licence required the holder to be of exemplary character,[1,2] and an annual fee of 20 per year,[1,2,6] indicating that the family was relatively affluent by that time.[1,2] At the time Narellan was a barely populated village near Campbelltown.[26] After John's death Ann continued to operate the "Currency Lass" & hold a Publican's License in her own name until 1840,[1,2,6,26] with yearly publican licenses for the Currency Lass dated 30/6/1836, 4/7/1837, 27/6/1838 & 28/6/1839.[6,26,45] {[6] states Ann was granted the licence 6/1840, however the licence was granted to David Dillon that year.[45]} In 1838 there were 426 publican's licenses in NSW, with 23 of them being women.[26] 'Currency Lass' was one of the more popular inn names in the rural areas surrounding Sydney.[26] Shortly after the death of her husband, Ann advertised for lease a property at Yagoona which her husband had willed to his natural-born son, William (then a minor) - the property was a private residence at the time John acquired it, however it was previously a Public House known by the name "Crooked Billet".[143,144]
  "To be let. That well-known Old Established Public House, formerly known by the Sign of the "Crooked Billet," situated on the side of the Liverpool Road, at the 14 Mile Stone, containing eleven Rooms, Kitchen, Stabling, containing twelve Stalls, good Yard and Garden, with forty acres of Land, divided into two Paddocks, fenced with a three railed Fence, and to be Let for the term of three, four, or five years, according as is agreed upon. Anne Browne, Currency Lass, Cowpasture Road, August 7, 1835."(SMH 10/8/1835).[143]  
A few years later the Yagoona property was destroyed by fire:
  "25 Reward. Whereas, on the Evening of Friday the 13th instant, some person or persons maliciously set on Fire the dwellinghouse, Out Houses and Premises, the property of the undersigned, and known as Pugh's old Public House, at the fourteen mile stone on the Liverpool Road. Any person giving such information as may lead to the conviction of the offender or offenders, otherwise than the parties who have perpetrated the deed, shall receive the above reward, on application to Anne Browne, Currency Lass, Cowpasture Road. Cowpasture, 19th July. 1838."(Australian 14/7/1838).[144]  
On 15/5/1840 Ann was listed as one of the subscribers who donated money towards the building of a Catholic School at Campbelltown, having donated 1.[133] On 2/7/1840 (and again on the 4th, 7th, 9th, 11th & 14th of the same month) a notice was published in the 'Australasian Chronicle' which indicated that Ann was experiencing financial difficulties (In the early 1840s the colony suffered a serious depression due to the combination of a long drought and the cessation of convict transportation.[1] ):[134]
  "Notice. The public are informed that no debts due to the estate of Mrs. Anne Brown, of the Currency Lass, Cowpasture, are to be paid to any person except the Rev. G. Goold, or Mr. Patrick Fennell, of Campbell Town, nor any transaction whatsoever done in the said estate with out the concurrence of the undermentioned Executors. All claims against the estate are requested to be sent to the Executors. G. Goold, Patrick Fennell, Executors of the Estate of Mrs. Anne Brown. Campbell Town, 1st July, 1840."[134]
 
The following month another notice was published in the 'Australasian Chronicle' referring to Ann's financial difficulties & her debts:[135]
  "Notice. I, Anne Browne, of the Cowpastures, do hereby appoint my son, Samuel Browne, to collect all debts due to me during the time I held a license at the "Currency Lass", now occupied by Mr. David Dillon, and also to transact business for me now and no other person's receipt but his shall be final. Anne Browne "X" (her mark). Witness, David Dillon.(Aust. Chronicle, 27/8/1840, 29/8/1840, 1/9/1840, 3/9/1840)"[135]
 
In the earlier notice Ann was still residing at the Currency Lass,[134] however less than two months later she had eveidently moved and David Dillon was leasing the inn.[135] In fact in 1840 (22/6/1840) and 1841 (30/6/1841), the Publican's License for the 'Currency Lass' was issued to David Dillon & not Ann,[45] although Ann appears to have retained ownership of the property.[6,26] Ann was forced to borrow a promissory note for 308 17s 3p to continue operating the inn.[6] On 12/5/1841 Ann & her son, Samuel, were summoned to court for damages of 600,[6,24] interest due was 8 per sentum per annum.[6] Ann was unable to repay the loan and on the 29/10/1841 she was forced to sell the Currency Lass & the furnishings therein at auction:[43]
  "In the Supreme Court, Sheriff's Office, Sydney, 22nd October, 1841. Cooper and another v. Brown and another. On Friday, the 29th instant, at noon, on the Premises at Narellan, the Sheriff will cause to be sold a quantity of Household Furniture, and a Gig; after which, all the right, title, interest, and estate, of the above defendants, in and to all that piece or parcel of ground at Narellan, containing about ten acres, on which is erected an Inn, known as the Currency Lass, together with a Cottage adjoining, unless this execution be previously satisfied. 4432 Cornelius Prout Under Sheriff.(Sydney Herald 19/10/1841)"[43]
 
In 1842 (30/5/1842), 1843 (29/6/1843) & 1844 (27/6/1844), the Publican's License for the 'Currency Lass' was issued to Henry Doran.[45] In 8/1844 Doran advertised the inn for lease,[44] & there were no subsequent licences issued for the 'Currency Lass'.[45]
  "Public House to Let. To be let, with immediate possession, that well-known old established house the Currency Lass Inn, situated at Narellan, on the Cowpasture Road, and now in full trade, with bar fixtures, and public house furniture complete (if required). Terms very liberal. Any steady couple possessing a small capital will find the above a most valuable concern, as the Royal Mail from Sydney to Berrima, stops at the house for the passengers to breakfast every morning. For particulars apply to Mr. John Hurley, Campbelltown, or to Mr. Henry Doran on the premises, if by letter post paid. Currency Lass Inn, Narellan, August 5. 1702.(SMH 9/8/1844)"[44]  
The 'Currency Lass' was eventually re-named "Geary's",[27] although there were no licences issued in NSW issued prior to 1861 for an inn of that name.[45] On 8/7/1842, Ann Brown, of The Cowpasture, filed for insolvency.[51,137] On the 4/8/1842 at 11am Ann's case appeared before the Chief Commissioner, at the Supreme Court, with debts of 95 12s 6d and credits of 172 5d.[137,138]
  "Minutes of Proceedings in the Insolvent Estate of Ann Brown. At a meeting holden before me, William Henry Kerr, Esquire, Chief Commissioner of Insolvent Estates at Sydney, at the Supreme Court House, on the Fourth day of August in the year of our Lord one thousand eight hundred and forty-two, for the proof of Debts against the said Estate, and for the election of a trustee or trustees for the collection, administration and distribution of the said estate. Pursuant to Advertisement in the Government Gazette, of the Twelfth day of July last, the following persons proved debts against the estate of the said Ann Brown, who being called did not appear, that is to say,
List of Creditors:"
Names and places of abode of the creditors and claimants to the Estate of a Anne BrowneParticulars of debt and security of any
S. H. Cohenexecution of warrant78 12s 6d
S. R. Swain, M.D., Narellanmedical attendance17


95 12s 6d
"In the Insolvent Estate of Ann Brown,
Spelman Robertson Swaine of Narellan maketh oath and saith that Ann Brown of Narellan is justly and truly indebted to him, this deponent in the sum of seventeen pounds, one shilling (for) medical & surgical attendance by this deponent to and for the use of the said Ann Brown. And this deponent further saith that the said Ann Brown has no set off against the said sum as far as this deponent knows and believes and that this deponent has no security for the said sum or any part thereof. <signed> S. R. Swaine.
Sworn before me at Sydney this fourth day of August, AD 1842, <signed> William H. Kerr."[136]
{Spelman Robertson Swaine, Esq, surgeon of Narellan, died 22/11/1843.[139]}

 
Two days later, on the 6/8/1842, Ann was in Campbelltown Gaol, writing a petition to the Supreme Court about her situation:[136]
  "To The Honourable the Judges of the Supreme Court of New South Wales.
The petition of Ann Brown prisioner in Campbell Town Gaoler, and her residence, Cowpastures.
Sheweth -
That your Petitioner by misfortune and without any fraud or dishonesty on her part, hath become and is Insolvent wherefore she is desirious of surrendering her Estate for the benefit of her Creditors accordng to Law and hereby surrenders her said Estates, and prays that the same may be accepted and placed under sequestration and in proof of the matters aforesaid your Petitioner has annexed hereto a true statement on Oath of her whole estate and effects, and the debts, claims, and liabilities, affecting the same to the best of her knowledge and beliefs; also the affidavit of Ann Brown.
Dated at Campbelltown Gaol this 6th day of July in the year of Our Lord One Thousand Eight Hundred and Fourty Two. <signed> Ann Brown "X" <her mark>
Insolvent Schedule of Ann Brown Cowpasture
 To Amount of Debts due by the insolvent (Debts) 95 12s 6d
By Amount of Outstanding Debts (Assets) 172 5d
 
Ann Brown of the Cowpasture maketh Oath and saith that the above is a true statement to the best of her knowledge and belief of her whole Estate and Effects real and personal in possession, expectancy or contingency or to which she has any eventual right, and of all Debts due to and by her, to the best of her knowledge and belief.
Sworn this 6th day of July 1842 before me at Campbelltown, <signed> Jo. Allman
I accept the signing of this Estate and order that it be placed under signed in the hands of the Chief Commissioner of Insolvent Estates at Sydney according to Law. <signed> James Dowling."
List of outstanding debts, bonds, bills & other assets
 
Names & places of abodeParticulars of the debtors of Ann BrownDebts security or proofAmount
Bruce McMahon, Berrimagoodssupplied1 16s 9d
John P. Lloyd, Liverpool""18s
John Gowan, Anissengle""2 16s
John McConnor, Cabramatta""3
William Klineenduff, Liverpool""1 9s 3d
H. H. McFitture, Parramatta""2 1s
Oliver Whiting, Stonequarry""1 7s
James Simpson, Onelongla""3 2s 3d
S. H. Cohesn, Sydney""10s 6d
Robert Campbell, Esq, Sydney ""1 10s
John Rolf, _____""17 6s
James Wilson, Penrith""7 2d
Mrs Jackson, Gundaroo""1 1s 6d
A. B. Packer, Broughton Pass""1 2s 6d
William Williams, Sydney ""1 4s
James Cullen, Gundaroo""2 11s
Henry Duggin, Stonequarry""2 2d
John Algin, Stonequarry""2 6s 7.5d
Edward Brown, Hurne River""3 15s 2d
James Gillogly, AppinCashLent6 1s
William Lackey, Parramattagoodssupplied1 19s 4d
Mrs J. Pearson, Camden""1 1s 9d
Denis Flaney, Greendale""7 19s 4d
George Riley, Bong Bong""5 12s 7.5d
George Hill, Pitt St, Sydney""7s
Charles Edgehill Sr, Stonequarry""2 10s
Charles Edgehill Jr, Stonequarry""3
Edward Winllworth, Phillip""9 9s 6d
George Billet, Camden""1 2s 6d
John Williams, Camden""1
Edward Getety, Bargo""24
William Budd, Cowpasture""18 5s 6d
William Budd, Cowpasture""4 2s 6d
William Mannix, Camden""9 15s
Pat Kelly, Argyle""5s 3d
John Prestete, Stonequarry""2 17s 6d
J. G. Petergale, Sydney""1 12s 10d
James Nowlan, Bringelly""3 7s 7d
A. H. Jacques, Wollongong""1 2s 5.5d
William Tyson, Narellan Grange""3 14s 7d
Charles Wood, Sydney""7 10s 2d
Alex. Martin, Mulgoa""2 17s
William Rassiten, Bringelly""1 5s
James Brown, Camden""1 6s
Thomas Griry, Cowpasture""1 2s 6d
James Buckley, Argyle""2
Patrick Blake, Campbelltown""1 18s 5d
Michael Rich, Bungonia""2 6s 1d
William Billengsly, Malonga""1 12s
  Total amount 172 0s 5.5d
 
{Some of the names & locations above are difficult to read & there may be some errors}.[136]
 
On 8/8/1842 Alexander Rollason, accountant, was appointed trustee of Ann's estate:[136]
  "In the Supreme Court of NSW. In the matter of the Insolvency of Ann Brown, on Thursday the Eighth day of August, in the year of our Lord one thousand eight hundred and fourty-two. It is ordered that Alexander Rollason be appointed trustee financially (?) and until the creditors shall in the choice of a trustee. And it is further ordered that the appointment of the abovenamed master be confirmed by the court. <signed> William H. Kerr, Chief Commissioner."[136]
"In the Insolvent Estate of Ann Brown, of the Cowpastures.
Whereas the Estate of Ann Brown was on the 8th day of July, 1842, placed under Sequestration in my hands, by order of His Honor Sir James Dowling, Knight, Chief Justice, I hereby appoint a Meeting od the Creditors of the said Ann Brown to be holden at the Supreme Court House, Sydney, on Thursday, the 4th day of August next, to commence at 30 minutes past 10 AM, and end at 11 AM, for proof of Debts, and election of a Trustee or trustees, for the collection, administration, and distribution of the said Insolvent's Estate; and unless at the said Meeting it be shewn that the goods and effects of the Insolvent exceed 100, the Commissioner will summarily proceed to rank the Debts which shall be then proved, and will direct theproceeds to be distributed by the Trustees accordingly. Dated this 9th Day of july, 1842. William H. Kerr, Chief Commissioner of Insolvent Estates."(Government Gazette 12/7/1842).[140]
 
Rollason presented a statement of account on the 11/8/1842 for the insolvent estate of Ann Brown.[136] On 17/8/1842 Rollason noted: "The trustee is of the opinion that this Estate will never yield one farthing and prays the Court to release him from his trust."[136] On the same date he also noted the claimant by one of the creditors, Spelman Robert Swaine of Narellan, for 17 10s, being for medical & surgical attendance proved, by his own affidavit; William H. Kerr by <signed> George Christie(?).[136] After losing the Currency Lass Ann made repeated attempts to regain a license, which were all unsuccessful, however Ann continued to sell beer and spirits "at her own discretion" in an unlicensed inn and hostelry near the site of the Currency Lass,[24] under the name "Mother Brown's",[1,2,6,24,26,27] probably located on the opposite of the road to the Queen's Head, about 400 metres towards Camden.[27] {If one takes this measurement from the location of the Currency Lass, this would put the location of Mother Brown's' close to the intersection of Cowpasture Road (now Camden Valley Way) & The Northern Road} The bankruptcy only involved Ann & her son, Samuel, the remainder of John's estate, which went to the other children, remained in the family.[35]
Married John Browne, 24/5/1823, at St Mary's Cathedral (Roman Catholic), Sydney, NSW, Australia,[1,2,5,6,11,13,24,47] by Father John Joseph Therry, according to the rites of the Roman Catholic Church,[1,2,5,6] after bans were posted and consent granted by the Governor.[6] Witnesses were Maurice Hallinan, James Smithers and Ann Smithers.[11] {The marriage certainly would have been one of the first Catholic marriages in the colonies, since the first Catholic priest did not arrive until about 1820} On 20/5//1823 Rev John Joseph Therry applied to the Colonial Secretary for permission to marry John Brown, free, and Ann Morrison, a convict who arrived on the John Bull, according to the rites of the Roman Catholic Church. (along with 3 other couples).[108] John Browne,[3,7,9,36,64,65,69] was born 1788/[1,2,3,5,6,47]1790,[1,4] Carrickbeg, Co Waterford, Ireland.[1,2,5,6,47,125] Died 9/7/1835,[1,2,6,10,47] Narellan, Upper Minto district, NSW, Australia,[1,2,6,47] & buried St John the Evangelist Graveyard (Roman Catholic), cnr George & Broughton Streets, Campbelltown, NSW, Australia, along with his wife and several of his grandchildren.[1,10] John's will, dated 8/7/1835, the day before he died, named his wife, Ann, and Father John Joseph Therry as joint executors,[1,5,6] dividing most of his estate between his son & adopted son, with some provision for his two daughters, with full control of his estate to remain with his widow until her death after which his children would inherit.[1,5,6] Probate was granted 31/12/1835 to Ann Brown, Father Therry having renounced his co-executorship.[2,5,6] Both John & Ann were illiterate.[31]
Resided 1822, Female Factory, Parramatta, NSW, Australia.[2] Resided 1822-1835, Narellan, Upper Minto, NSW, Australia.[1,6,68] (Upper Minto extended from a point just north of Appin, west to Narellan and north to Liverpool along the Cowpasture Road.[1] The 1828 census lists Brown, John (40yo), Ann (37), Samuel (10), Margaret (3), Mary Ann (2) & William (9mo).[6]). Resided 1838-1841, Narellan, NSW, Australia.[26] Resided 1840, Currency Lass, Cowpasture Road, Narellan, NSW, Australia.[134] Resided 1842, The Cowpastures, Narellan, NSW, Australia.[51,136,137] Resided 1858, Narellan, Camden district, NSW, Australia.[1,6,13]

Children of Anne Morrison & unknown (possibly Mr Smith[63]):
*
i.
 
Samuel Morrison, born 2/1/1819,[1,2,6,13,35,47] Downpatrick, Co Down, Ireland.[1,2,6,35,47] Father unknown, but death certificate lists his name as "Samuel Smith, generally called and known as Brown."[63] (Accompanied Ann Morrison when she was transported to Australia. John Browne adopted the child who was raised as Samuel Browne.[1,2,6]) Resided with parents, 1828 (10yo).[6]

Children of Anne Morrison & John Browne:

ii.
 
John Brown, baptised 1825, St Mary's Roman Catholic, Sydney, NSW, Australia.[13] Died 1826, registered St Mary's Roman Catholic, Sydney, NSW, Australia.[13] {At the time most Roman Catholic BMD's were registered at St Mary's, regardless of the actual location}

iii.

Margaret Browne, born 1824/1825,[6] & baptised 9/2/1825, Upper Minto district,[1,2,6,35,47,52,65] registered 1825, St Mary's Roman Catholic, Sydney, NSW, Australia.[13] Sponsors were John Whelan & Bridget Harrington.[65] Died 1854, registered St James' Roman Catholic, Sydney, NSW, Australia (27yo).[13] {According to [35] died 1858, Deniliquin, NSW, Australia, no parents listed. The death certificate for this Margaret states "Margaret Brown, Servant, aged Abt 30. Wife of Michael Brown. Born in Derry, Ireland and cause of death was Excessive indulgence in ardent spirits."[50,60]} Resided with parents, 1828 (3yo).[6] Listed in the will of her father, 1835.[6] No known marriage or issue.[35]
*
iv.

Mary Ann Browne, born 14/7/1826,[6,65] & baptised, 2/11/1826, Airds County, Upper Minto, NSW, Australia,[1,2,6,35,47,52,65] registered 1826, St Mary's Roman Catholic, Sydney, NSW, Australia.[13] Sponsors were John Gibney & Mary Bent.[65] Resided with parents, 1828 (2yo).[6] Listed in the will of her father, 1835.[6] Refer to Brown chart for additional details & descendants.
*
v.

William Browne, born 24/1/1828, Narellan, Upper Minto/Cowpastures, NSW, Australia.[1,2,6,13,47,52,68,69] Baptised 4/3/1828, St Mary's Roman Catholic, Sydney, NSW, Australia,[13,35,69] by Father John Joseph Therry.[35,69] Sponsors were Connor Dwyer & Anne Brady.[69] Resided with parents, 1828 (9mo).[6] Refer to Brown chart for additional details & descendants.


Downpatrick, Co Down, Ireland
Downpatrick, Co Down, Ireland
Painting - Lydia De Burgh
Noelene Williams with Ann & Samuel Morrison exhibit, Co Down Gaol
Ann & Samuel Morrison
exhibit, Co Down Gaol

Photo - Noelene Williams
(in photo)
Cell Block, Co Down Gaol
Cell Block, Co Down Gaol
Photograph - Down County Museum

Downpatrick is one of the oldest Irish towns and was noted by the Roman geographer Ptolemy in his map of the country in the 2nd century AD. But although its early history undoubtedly influenced its shape and development, the Downpatrick that we know today dates mainly from the 18th and 19th centuries. The contribution of the Southwell family during the 18th century was particularly noteworthy. In 1703 Edward Southwell, Chief Secretary of Ireland, acquired the Manor of Down. He controlled the waters of the Quoile river and reclaimed the marshes, built a harbour and customs house and reconstructed the streets of the town. His son continued his work and through their efforts, Downpatrick changed from a derelict town of less than 1,000 inhabitants into a prosperous commercial centre for the barony. The first Court House was built in 1737. In 1832 Downpatrick passed from the hands of the Southwell family to David Ker. His drainage scheme enabled the development of Church Street (opened 1838) and Market Street (opened 1846). The population of the town in 1831 was 4779 people with 897 houses. If the 18th century was a period of expansion the 19th century was one of decline. Changes in technology of the linen industry coincided with a postwar slump in agriculture caused by a rapid fall in grain prices on the English market. Downpatrick inevitably suffered. The breweries, tanneries, small tobacco factory and soap works ceased to exist, while the failure of Pilson's linen mill in Bridge Street in the 1840s put 700 weavers out of work, the majority of them living in or near the town. Some of the corn merchants managed to survive the crisis of these years, but the almost total abandonment of arable farming in Lecale after 1870 eventually put them out of business. In 1846 the population of the parish was 8812 with 4651 people living in Downptrick by 1851 there were 4013 people inhabiting 765 homes in the district. The effects of this prolonged recession were very obvious in Downpatrick and Lecale in the early decades of the 19th century; shops, factories, large houses and offices were vacant, the poorer streets had deteriorated into slums and each census return showed a continued decline. The town population in 1910 was 2993.[Ros Davies' Co Down] Down County Gaol was opened in 1796, built & administered by the County Grand Jury of Down, the gaol housed prisoners convicted of a wide variety of offences. During its period of operation (1796-1830) the gaol saw many changes in attitudes to crime and punishment. Georgian gaols had been notoriously unregulated and haphazard in their operation of prison legislation. As the eighteenth century gave way to the nineteenth the gaol became increasingly outmoded and unable to implement increasing bureaucracy and stricter attitudes to separating classes of criminals. The Gaol was a transportation gaol - those sentenced to be sent to the penal colonies in Australia were held in the gaol prior to being transported to Australia. Transportation from Great Britain to Australia began in 1787 but it was only in 1791 that the first ship left Irish shores. Over the next seventy-seven years between 45,000 and 55,000 Irish convicts are thought to have been transported. Most of them were destined for New South Wales and Van Diemen's land (now Tasmania). As a punishment transportation appealed to a broad range of groups. Penal reformers welcomed the idea because it held out the possibility of a new and reformed life within a disciplined context. Many others from the propertied classes recognised it as a good means of ensuring retribution and deterrence at a time when public opinion shrank from the death penalty. Above all, it served a practical need as prisons were overcrowded and ineffective. However, most convicts were transported for very petty crimes. Most male convicts in Down were found guilty of larceny involving small amounts of money, cloth, handkerchiefs, leather or pieces of jewellery. The 66 women transported from Down Gaol over the period the gaol operated were mostly indicted for stealing money, clothes and cloth along with shoplifting and forgery. Once in Australia, abele bodied men were assigned to free settlers as workers or worked on government building schemes. Women were usually assigned as farm servants or, if they had small children, to the female factory at Parramatta. On completion of their sentences, or in many cases, in advance of that, convicts were given a ticket of leave. Most convicts became good citizens of the Colony and led productive lives. Some became rich or achieved prominence in their new country. In March 1788 the Belfast Newsletter announced that the County Grand Jury of Down intended to build a new gaol for the County. The gaol was to be modelled according to the recommendations of the penal reformer John Howard. The architect was Charles Lilly who also carried out work on Down Cathedral. The gaol opened in 1796. It was hoped that the new building would have none of the overcrowding associated with the old prison system and would be an important tool in the reformation of society. However the 1790s in Ireland were times of economic and political turmoil and the consequent rise in crime soon led to the gaol being overcrowded and insufficient for the needs of the County. There were only 18 cells in the gaol, all of them uniformly small, yet up to 130 prisoners were accommodated at once. They were fed on a diet of potatoes, oatmeal and water, with some bread. The water supply was poor, the cells unheated and unglazed. In 1818 there was a serious outbreak of typhus in the summer, so serious a gaol infirmary had to be established. Discipline was very bad, breakouts were common with at least three transportees making a successful bid for freedom. In 1804, the turnkey, Owen White, was even sacked for aiding an abetting a large scale rescue of prisoners. Conditions soon became so bad that a new gaol was planned. This eventually opened in 1830. The old gaol was then used as barracks for soldiers. The South Down Militia used it for much of the nineteenth century. American and Canadian Servicemen were stationed here during the Second World War. It had a variety of uses in the 1950-70s before falling into dereliction. It was rescued by Down District Council in 1980 and purchased as a site for the County Museum.[Down Museum]

Dr William Elyard
Dr William Elyard
Painting - Samuel Elyard
Parramatta Female Factory, c.1826
Parramatta Female Factory, c.1826
Painting - Augustus Earle
Parramatta Female Factory, 1919
Parramatta Female Factory, 1919
PhotographGovernment Printing Office

The John Bull departed Cork, Ireland on 25/7/1821, via St Jago (Cape Verde Islands off West Africa, departing there 25/8/1821) & arrived Port Jackson, Sydney, Australia 18/12/1821. Ship's master was William Corlett & the ship's surgeon was Dr William Elyard. The John Bull, at 464 tons,carried 80 female convicts with some children, 22 free passengers (relatives of convicts already in NSW), and some free settlers travelling to the colony.[Convict Ships, OzShips]
  "On Tuesday arrived from, Ireland, with 80 female prisoners, the ship John Bull, Captain Corlett. The Surgeon of this vessel is, Dr. Elyard, who is accompanied by his Lady, and five children. John Lawrie, a soldier, with his wife and five children, comes out as passenger. She sailed from Cork the 25th July, and touched at St. Jago's, which she left the 25th August."[Sydney Gazette 22/12/1821]
"His Excellency the Governor paid a visit to Town early yesterday morning; and, in the forenoon, inspected the prisoners landed from the ship Minerva, Captain Bell. Afterwards His Excellency proceeded on board the John Bull, Captain Corlett, and inspected the female prisoners, who were immediately dispatched, by water, to Parramatta. His Excellency Sir Thomas Brisbane returned to Parramatta in the afternoon."[Sydney Gazette 22/12/1821]
 
The journal of the ship's surgeon on the John Bull, Dr William Elyard, makes for interesting reading of the voyage. Whilst it makes no mention (at least by name) of Ann Morrison (it does mention Ann Anderson several times), it does give an insight into the voyage and what the convicts went through. The lack of any mention of Ann Morrison would seem to imply that not only did she survive the voyage with relatively good health, but that she was also well behaved. Elyard's journal detailed the procedures involved in preparing the ship for the reception of convicts & for the long sea voyage. Early on a seaman was found with smallpox. While this man was evacuated ashore, the rest of the crew was checked with one man being vaccinated, then the ship was well cleaned, fumigated & ventilated. A week later the convicts arrived, berths were allocated, blankets and pillows distributed & the women locked up for the night. The following day the free passengers joined the ship. A daily schedule was established: Breakfast for the prisoners on deck between 7 and 8 a.m. after which they did their washing and sewing. Each adult received a pound of soap with the children being allocated half a pound. The sleeping accommodation was thoroughly washed and aired while the women were on deck. Dinner, the second and final meal of the day, was served mid-afternoon and at sunset the convicts were mustered and taken below to be locked up for the night. On the first Sunday, bibles, testaments, prayer books and Psalters were issued when Surgeon Elyard performed divine service. After church he directed them to attend to their own Bibles and other manuals of devotion "for their afternoon's amusement." Note should be made that while most of the women were Roman Catholic the service and tracts reflected the teachings of the Church of England. About a month after sailing, a hurricane frightened several of the convicts but the surgeon assured them he would keep them advised of any danger. At the beginning of September dark and gloomy weather set in with heavy rain, thunder, lightening and wind. Only the cooks were encouraged on deck to prepare meals, although the prison doors were left open for the convicts to go up and down at will. Sometimes water washed through the living quarters making conditions very uncomfortable. During the night prisoners were known to call out in alarm, wishing to go on deck, but Elyard did not permit them out of their quarters once the evening muster had been conducted. Elyard sometimes found women missing when taking a head count. Often they were located on the forecastle in the company of Mr. Wise, the second officer, and Mr. Moore, steward to the purser. Wise proved troublesome for the whole journey, sometimes protesting and behaving in a threatening way to the captain. In fact, Wise urged mutiny and as the women were intruding onto the quarter-deck, the officers were uneasy about possible support for him, so the prisoners were taken below and confined to their quarters. Two of the women were persistently absent without leave. When it was found that the two men again had secreted them away, lying about their whereabouts, the women were put in irons and detailed in the hospital overnight and for the next morning. One other problem the surgeon encountered with the women's behaviour was their taking lighted rags below to permit smoking once they were confined for the night. Quarrelling was a regular occurrence with detentions in the coal hole, sometimes with an iron collar. Minor thieving was a constant problem. One time two of the women discovered their bed ticking missing only to find a child wearing a pinafore of the same material the next day. Over 30 of the 80 prisoners were named by the surgeon.[British National Archives, Elyard Genealogy]
 
5 June    The John Bull arrived at the Cove of Cork and I [William Elyard, surgeon] was discharged from the John Barry in which I came with my family from Deptford and on the same morning I [William Elyard, surgeon] went on board the John Bull. Elyard on the same day wrote to the Honourable Commissioners of His Majesty's Navy informing them of the arrival of the said ship at the Cove: reported the same to Admiral Rowley and with Captain Corlett the master of the john Bull called upon Lieutenant Lewis the naval agent for transports and Doctor Trevor the Inspector General of the Convicts.
8 June
Doctor Trevor came on board to visit a seaman who was attacked with small pox and the man was sent on shore to sick quarters.
9 June
Navy Board informed about the small pox case (see 8 June 1821 above).
10 June
Ship well fumigated with Devils and the windsails down and ports open day and night. Vaccinated John Watson, seaman, from an uncertainty of his having had small pox.
12 June
Watson's arm was somewhat inflamed (see 10 June 1821).
15 June
Watson's inflammation had disappeared and the incision quite dried up. It wa ascertained afterwards that Watson had had the natural small pox. (see 10 June 1821).
13 July
The Brig Park from Dublin arrived with the convicts and free passengers relatives of convicts.
14 July
Received on board 80 female convicts and some children
16 July
Received on board from the Brig Park 22 women and children relatives of convicts going out to their relations in Sydney.
17 July
Doctor Trevor came on board and vaccinated the following children: Mary Kelly, aged 5; John Brennan, aged 9; Elizabeth Wade, aged 2; Letitia Murphy, aged 1 and ; Isabella Paterson, aged 6 months; Mary Ann Kilrea, aged 4; Rose Hinds, aged 7; Biddy Donnell, aged 2; Mary Brady, aged 20; Jane Moore, aged 19; Dr Trevor having sent oatmeal on board for the convicts breakfast to be boiled into stirabout with water and sugar they refused to eat it and threw it away-on my representing it to the Doctor he said it was good enough for them.
19 July
Doctor Trevor examined the arms of the vaccinated but they appeared all doubtful.
20 July
The surgeon, [William Elyard] received on board his family as passengers and settlers at Van Dieman's. The arms of the vaccinated appeared like flea bites.
21 July
At noon the Reverend Mr Whitty and Captain Morris, RN, came on board and examined the state of the ship and the regulation of the convicts.
22 July
Issued to the convicts bibles, testaments, prayer books and psalters. Divine service performed and a sermon read from Dr Cooper's publication. On examining the arms of the vaccinated a small vesull of pearl colored lymph was visible.
23 July
Unmoored ship and dropt down to man of wars bay.
24 July
At 3pm attended serving provisions, the bread sent by the Contractor who was present on board not being so good as it ought, he took it on shore with him. At this time the seamen being busily employed in weighing anchor, the hold was obliged to be open for the reception of the cable which the convicts taking advantage of they stole there out a bag of bread and before the officers could get below they had scattered it about between decks. Therefore had them immediately locked up. At 5pm the pilot directed the ship to be anchored again in man of war’s bay at which time came on board by order of Lieutenant Lewis agent transports the following free settlers for a passage to Port Jackson, John Lowry, his wife and five children. The pustules on the arms of the vaccinated being about the size of a pea with a small inflamed circle. I punctured the arm of Elizabeth Wade and took what lymph I could from it, this child being the most healthy and free from blemish. Received a letter from Lieutenant Lewis naval agent of Transports at Cove, for me to deliver to his excellency Sir Thomas Brisbane on my arrival at Sydney.
25 July
At 3am got under way and stood out to sea. At 6am discharged the pilot. Served out Dilworth’s spelling books and also childrens books (12 of each).
26 July
Spoke the Princess Charlotte of Brixham bound to Liverpool.
27 July
Many of the convicts still sea sick. The vesicles on the arms of the vaccinated were much larger and an areola with considerable inflammation was formed round them.
29 July
At 8pm when mustering the convicts to their beds I detected Mary Hinds with a lighted rag and a nutmeg grater used to carry fire below for the purpose of smoking after being locked up-of course took it away and reprimanded her. The vaccinated patients complained of slight headache-had some degree of fever and the areola was considerably enlarged and the inflammation extensive and the hardness was felt on the arm about the areola and a small tumor under the arm pit.
31 July
At 7pm Jane Mitchell, convict, having been turbulent and riotous and when desired to desist being insolent was confined in the coal hole until 8pm at which time she was released. The areola on the arms of the vaccinated was more extensive. The patients were relieved from headache and the axilla was not so tender.
1 Aug
At 8am got all the convicts on deck with their beds, attended serving breakfast, at which time Mary O’Neil being quarrelsome with her messmates, throwing their allowance of tea water overboard and being insolent to the Captain. I thought it requisite to punish her by confinement in the Coal Hole. Mary O’Neil was released from confinement at noon. The areola is putting on a dark brown appearance. The pock sinking in the centre beginning to dry up.
2 Aug
At half past 2pm punished Mary Downs by confining her in the hospital with a collar on her neck for assaulting Matilda Brown and for making a second attack upon her in the presence of myself the Captain, Officers, convicts and ships company on the quarterdeck although advised to desist. At 8pm released Mary Downs from confinement.
3 Aug
At sunset in consequence of Jane Hamilton being quarrelsome and abusive to Maria Wade whom she threatened with revenge and being insolent when ordered to desist, I confined her in the hospital all night and darkened the place by putting on the gratings and tarpaulins on fore hatchways as well as to prevent any communication with the seamen.
4 Aug
A strange sail in sight, but no communication with her. At 8am discharged Jane Hamilton from confinement. The tenderness under the arm pits of the vaccinated has gone off the areola became of a brown color and not so hard. The pock itself dried up and of a dark brown color and the patients have no fever but appear quite well.
5 Aug
A strange sail in sight. At 11 a large French ship supposed to be an East Indiaman showed her colours which was repeated by the John Bull.
7 Aug
At 5am passed a vessel standing to the Northward.
8 Aug
The scabs on the arms of the vaccinated appear to be thoroughly dry and begin to loosen, and all appear to be very well.
9 Aug
At 5am passed by the Deserters. Received from Captain Corlett, 12 bottles of port wine, for which I signed a receipt this day. Some of the convicts being sea sick, I gave them wine and sugar to mix with gruel which they preferred to their tea.
11 Aug
At 4am Great Salvage Island bore south 2 or 3 miles distant. Hove too off Teneriffe for the Quarantine Boatswain-having no bill of health we were not allowed to go on shore as we had proposed to send reports to our Government as well as to procure some wine for our mess. Therefore made sail again. Several of the women being seasick and not eating their provisions I appointed Jane Burne and made her furnish them with good gruel with wine etc.
14 Aug
The scabs had all dried on the arms of the vaccinated patients and fallen off left an scar on each sufficient to satisfy me that they had regularly gone through the process of vaccination as laid down in the directions.
15 Aug
Joseph Best, child of a passenger; sick or hurt, suddenly attacked with a contraction of the legs and arm of the left side complaining of considerable pain in the groin and shoulder, had no great degree of fever but appeared very low and weak; put on sick list 15 August 1821, discharged 20 September 1821.
16 Aug
This day on missing my number of convicts I searched the forecastle and found there amongst the seamen Margaret Finlay, sent her on deck and reprimanded her and then locked her up in the prison for the day.
17 Aug
Several of the women took opening medicine this day not being able to prevail on them to drink salt water.
18 Aug
At 10am anchored in Port Praya, St Jago. Gave the master (Captain Corlett) an order to purchase fresh beef, vegetables and fruit and to complete the water there being no consul at this place. At noon went on shore with Captain Corlett and waited on the Governor who was willing to allow a supply of what was required. Gave emetics to Mary Moran, Jane Mitchell, Ann Fitzpatrick, Ellen Lachlan all complained of foul stomachs.
19 Aug
A salute was fired of 21 guns from the battery at 2pm by order of the governor for the safe arrival of the King of Portugal at Lisbon and acknowledgement of the new constitution.
20 Aug
At noon waited on the Governor. At 1:30 pm returned on board. At 3pm Mr Hodges the American consul dined on board. During the time I was mustering the convicts to their beds having observed some intimacy between Mr Wise and the convicts who did not immediately answer their call I requested Mr Wise not to take liberties with the convicts, upon which he was very insolent and said he was not going to be under the control of any bloody doctor, to which I replied that I did not expect him to be under my control at the same time while I had to take care of the convicts that I should expect he would not interfere with them. The chief mate (Mr Campbell) had this afternoon particularly pointed out the freedom Mr Wise was making with some of the convicts with whom Mr Wise was drinking tea near the main hatchway immediately after the captain went out of the ship to go on shore. I expected he would have struck me but he thought better of that and I mustered them and locked up. The captain not being on board at the time of the above insult, and not wishing to make any disturbance on the ship, I made no complaint to him about it.
22 Aug
The boats from the shore brought off the last of the water, two bullocks and fruits for the convicts. At noon while weighing the kedge anchor preparing to unmoor ship, John Roberts, seaman, received a severe contusion on the side by the hawser running out and was brought on board in a state of insensibility. At 5pm went on shore to the Captain to approve his bills in payment for fresh beef, fruit and vegetables. At 7pm returned on board. At 11pm came on to blow a hurricane. Gave Margaret Finlay to bathe her wrist some volatile liniment. Gave Elizabeth Moss, Mary Kennedy and Ellen Keenan some decoct sennce comp and ordered gruel for them all.
23 Aug
Ship preparing for sea. Gale still continuing. Ship pitching very much and in much danger appearing every now and then to be driving nearer to the rocks. At midnight blowing very hard the ship in the surf near the rocks, the captain had oars put in the boats in case of the ship striking.
24 Aug
Having observed the inattention of the mothers of the respective children in teaching them to whom I had issued cards and books which many had destroyed. I appointed as the General School mistress to the children, Rose Richey, as well as to those adults who were inclined to be taught, most of them if not indeed rejected education. At 6pm unmoored ship and got underway, very glad of the opportunity to leave Porta Praya St Jago and its rocks. At 8pm on mustering the convicts to their beds I missed some of them and on procuring a light found Margaret Finlay under the forecastle with the seamen and Ellen Keenan and Mary Brady in the Cooks Kitchen in the Gally, sent them below. Gave Catherine Baines, a saturnine lotion for a bruise on her leg. Gave Jane Maher decoct senne for a constipation.
25 Aug
Mary Burne; sick or hurt, bad haemorrhoidal tumors inclining to fistula; put on sick list 25 August 1821, last entry 17 December 1821.
28 Aug
At 8am Mr Campbell the chief officer detected John Collard and Ann Anderson convict fighting on the forecastle, the captain punished the seaman and Ann Anderson was confined in the coal hole with a collar on for two hours when she was released. Detected Mary Dorons with a lighted rag and pipe of tobacco for the purpose of smoking after being locked up, took them from her and after telling her the result of fire occurring in the night, threw the pipe overboard.
29 Aug
At 8am being in the hospital overheard a quarrelling among the convicts who were making use of very infamous language. I went into the prison and reprimanded the parties concerned and threatened them with severe punishment if such language was again made use of.
30 Aug
Gave Mary Morcin some adhesive plaster for a boil.
31 Aug
At 9pm upon hearing Jane Mitchell noisy and quarrelsome below, I went and spoke to her, on which being insolent I confined her in the hospital with a collar on for about half an hour when upon her promising of being quit for the future I released her.
1 Sept
Gave Ellen Clark an emetic for a foul stomach. Gave Mrs Lowry a free settler an emetic for foul stomach. Gave Mary Kennedy a dose of Ol. Ricini to open the bowels.
2 Sept
several of the women took salts.
6 Sept
At 8pm Jane Hamilton being quarrelsome and riotous and when ordered to be quiet was impertinent. She was confined in the Coal Hole being the second time until 10pm when she was released.
7 Sept
Gave Catherine Kelly some adhesive plaster. Gave Catherine Connelly some camphorated spirit having hurt her wrist.
8 Sept
Gave several of the women salts. Gave Ann Evans an emetic having a foul stomach with a little headache, ordered the nurse to supply them all with gruel.
9 Sept
At half past twelve on mustering the convicts to church I missed Margaret Finlay, Ann Anderson and Mary Ryan. The two former I observed coming from under the forecastle but Mary Ryan was so concealed that she could not be found and the Church service was performed by me in her absence. At 7pm on mustering the beds and the convicts to their births Mary Ryan made her appearance having been hid away all day with Mr Wise, 2nd Officer or Mate with whom she had been drinking as she was at this time intoxicated, nor would she have come then had I not prevented any one from taking her bed below for her and finding she could not escape she came forward and confessed. On my going forward to the hospital this evening, I was attacked by William Moore, purser's steward, in consequence of a woman having made a complaint against him to the Captain. The steward had been the greatest part of the day in the hold , was then drunk, made use of very insolent abusive language, threatened me with personal injury and desired me to be on my guard for most likely he would meet me on shore. The Boatswain came to me requesting I would take no notice of the steward for that he was drunk and did not know what he was doing or saying.
10 Sept
Having represented the steward's conduct to the Captain he gave him a severe starting. At 4pm being in the hospital I heard scrambling on deck, when I ran up found the 2nd Officer, Mr Wise, resisting the Captain with whom he had had some dispute relative to his neglect of duty and whom he had insulted by improper language. He then being in the Captain's cabinbrown1.html ran upon deck and in a mutinous manner called for support and assistance against the Captain. When I came on the quarterdeck Mr Wise appealed to me and I told him as he had been in the King's Service he must know his duty was not to oppose his Captain that I of course should do my duty in supporting the Captain in the duty of his command and I recommended him to go below quietly. He still resisted and Mr Campbell and one of the men carried him below to his cabin where he was confined. In consequence of the convicts showing a disposition to intrude on the Quarter Deck to give assistance to Mr Wise and not knowing what influence he had among them I ordered all below and locked them in and kept watch the greater part of the night.
11 Sept
In consequence of having heard that the convicts had made use of mutinous language during the night and had talked much about the mutiny of the Lady Jane Shore formerly taken away by female convicts and crew, I consulted the officers, and it was considered prudent not to allow more than the cooks and one of each mess on deck to provide for the rest
12 Sept
At 11am the convicts having petitioned for a release from confinement and assuring me that they had no mutinous intentions, that their conversation of the Lady Jane Shore was no insinuation that they meditated any ill design on this ship or officers and they would give information of any seditious intentions that might be made at any time hereafter, after explaining to them I let them all on deck as usual.
13 Sept
Having bought some snuff at St Jago, gave all the women who chose it a pinch to keep them in good humour.
15 Sept
Captain Corlett discharged Mr Wise from confinement and put him with the seaman under the forecastle.
17 Sept
In consequence of a complaint from Mr Campbell chief officer of the turbulent conduct of Jane Hamilton, Catherine Kelly, Maria Wade, Mary Kilrea, Mary Hinds and Margaret Brennan, they were removed from the after prison to the main prison, and their places filled up by Eliza Brown, Eliza Dockerty, Biddy O'Hare, Susan Campbell, Sarah Cooney, and Celia Cox.
18 Sept
Eliza Wilson and Margaret Donelly having washed their bed ticks and blankets and hung them up to dry-in the evening missed them and this day the child of Maria Wade having on a pinafore of bed ticking it was proved on examination that part of the bed tick with the King's Mark and the number of Margaret Donelly's Bed was found wet in Maria Wade's bed cut in separate from the tick and she had given slips of the same to others of the convicts. Gave Eliza Wilson one of the hospital beds. Gave several of the convicts brown1.htmland passengers salts.
25 Sept
Trinidad at day light bearing East. Confined Ellen Rourke in the hospital with a collar for about half an hour for being noisy and quarrelsome.
26 Sept
Gave Ellen Keenan an emetic for nausea of the stomach.
27 Sept
Having appointed David Quin to superintend the cleaning of the main prison he was assaulted by Mary O’Neil and Ellen Nolan who were abusive to him as well as to the officer who spoke to them in consequence of which they were confined in the coal hole with collars on. The weather coming on squally and a heavy sea let Mary O'Neil out of confinement but Ellen Nolan still continuing abusive and threatening David Quin with revenge she was left in the coal hole for the night. Ellen Keenan much better.
28 Sept
Ellen Nolan discharged from confinement. At 6pm on mustering the convicts I found Ann Cane had cut up her blanket took it from her and made her sew it again.
1 Oct
Margaret Carrol; sick or hurt, having a small boil on her leg took some salts and put a poultice on her leg.; put on sick list 1 October 1821, discharged 16 October 1821
2 Oct
Gave Catherine Stafford and Matilda Brown one blanket each. At 8pm observing a strong smell of tobacco smoke I went into the prison and took away lighted pipes from Jane Nicholson, Mary Day, Mary McMahon and Mary Lachlan and threw them overboard.
5 Oct
At 9am Elizabeth Moss put in a collar for insolence and abusive language. Moss was released at 1.30pm.
6 Oct
At 6pm mustered the convicts to their beds and found that Mary Ryan and Mary Moran were missing. Mary Ryan had been hidden away by Mr Weiss and Mary Moran by Moore the purser's steward. Beibrown1.htmlng the second time that these women had hidden themselves they were both put in irons.
7 Oct
At 12.30pm I performed the church service with all the convicts, passengers and children along with Mary Ryan and Mary Moran and read to them a religious tract on intemperance and another on chastity and endeavoured to point out to them the consequences that must result from their disobeying my orders against prostituting themselves to the seamen. Ryan and Moran taken to the hospital as prisoners. It grieved me to see women in irons and after church I consulted with the Captain and Mr Campbell and we determined to release them from Irons, but to keep them below as prisoners till their arrival at Port Jackson to be disposed of and further punished as His Excellency the Governor may determine upon.
10 Oct
Mary Ryan and Mary Moran on expressing contrition for their misconduct were let on deck.
13 Oct
Ann Cane being charged with theft was stripped but nothing was found on her.
21 Oct
This evening some disturbance occurred in the ship in consequence of Dennis Hartagan, cooper, and John Jones, seaman, opposing the chief officer in the duty of the ship, which was soon quelled by the officers securing the men in irons.
22 Oct
Gave Ann Anderson an emetic complaining of nausea at the stomach.
25 Oct
Gave Elizabeth Moss an emetic having a foul stomach.
27 Oct
Sarah Cunningham having assaulted Bridget Lunny and being insolent to Captain Collett was confined in the coal hole, until she was discharged in the morning.
29 Oct
Gave Ann Evans and Mary Moran, ol ricini, and several others salts, having requested them.
30 Oct
Gave several of the women salts.
1 Nov
Jane Maher took some salts for constipation.
2 Nov
At 2:30pm the convicts reported that Jane Hamilton was beating her child threatening to murder it. They requested me to go and save the child, when going, I found Mary Day had forcibly taken the child from her, the head had been cut with a half pint tin pot and was bleeding very much. Took the child into the hospital, stopped the haemorrhage and dressed the head. Then left the child to the care of Jane Burne the nurse.
3 Nov
Jane Hamilton was ordered to remain below as prisoner until further notice. Hamilton's child was placed in the care of Rose Richey, the scholl mistress, until the pleasure of His Excellency the Governor to dispose of her should be known. Finding she had no more clothes than what she had on, and those not in good condition, I gave to Mrs Richey for her 3 yards calico, 3 yards flannel, tapes, thread, needles and a comb. Also gave her a cloth gown of Mrs Elyards to be made into a pock for her. I desired Mrs Richey not to allow the mother to see nor speak to the child as she had been in the habit of teaching the child to swear. At same time I understood that whenever the mother had been offended by any person she had always beaten and ill treated the child. In consequence of hearing a disturbance in the prison at night, I investigated a complaint being made that Margaret Donnelly was continually prowling about in the night. I ordered her to go to her berth which refusing so to do I enforced it by following her to her bed with a ropes end and having seen her safe in bed and given directions to Jane Nicholson to watch her.
4 Nov
At 11:30 am upon giving notice to the convicts to attend for their wine and missing some I went forward to the forecastle and saw the following women come from below, Margaret Finlay, Ann Anderson, Jane More, Mary Ryan, Mary Downs and Ellen Clarke whom I sent below to the prison. Applied a blister to Elizabeth Moss complaining of pain in the chest.
5 Nov
discharged the prisoners (see 4 November 1821).
6 Nov
Ellen Keenan having insulted and dared the Captain to confine her, she was put into the coal hole with a collar on. At 1pm Keenan was released from confinement. Gave emetics to Ellen Tucker, Mary Ryan, Mary McMahon and Eliza Galesby. To Bridget White's child an aperients and to Jane Mitchell, magnes sulph, and Elizabeth Magnes, sulph.
7 Nov
gave Ann Evans, magnus sulph.
8 Nov
gave Bridget Gahagar an emeti, and Ann Evnas, magnes sulphas.
9 Nov
Discharged Jane Hamilton from confinement on promise of not interfering with her child or the woman who has charge of it.
10 Nov
Gave Mary McMahon, Margaret Carroll and Ann Evans salts.
11 Nov
At 2pm attended serving provisions at which time I detected Jane Nicholson in the act of taking away in her pocket some sugar about or more than 1lb which she said McClure the cooper gave her, confined her on the quarterdeck till 6pm when I sent her below and having mustered all their beds I locked them up for the night. At 9pm finding the convicts quarrelsome, and riotous below and many out of their beds, I saw them all in bed undressed and threatened them with a severe flogging in the morning if they continued so riotous. Ann Evans; sick or hurt, dysentery; put on sick list 11 November 1821. By 24 November 1821 discharged.
13 Nov
At 6am went into the prison when Bridget Kerrigan complaining of having received abuse from Ann Clarke. I cautioned her against ill language and recommended her to be quiet and civil.
14 Nov
At 9am on calling for the women to clean the berths found Jane Moore missing. Had her called from amongst the men and threatened to punish her with a severe flogging on the bare back having repeatedly cautioned her not to prostitute herself.
15 Nov
Confined Mary McMahon and Mary Day in the coal hole for quarrelling and making use of infamous language. They were released at 6pm from confinement.
17 Nov
Gave Ellen Laughlan magnes sulph.
18 Nov
Between 9 to 10pm, John Lowry reported to the chief officer that the convicts were very riotous and there was a cry of murder by Jane Mitchell. They went down and for a time quieted them but as soon as returned the noise began and Mr Lowrey again went down requesting them 'for god's sake not to be so mutinous' and gave them such advice as he was able when Ellen Rourke jeered him and treated him with contempt and then he left them.
19 Nov
On investigating the cause of the riot last night I was informed by Ally Peirce and Rose Mcdonald that it was begun by Mary Brady abusing Mary Smith and on Rose McDonald's desiring Mary Brady to hold her peace she damned her soul and told all to go to hell and said she would do as she liked. Margaret Brennan was put out of her own bed and went to Mary Kings bed into which she went, her son after calling to her several times to return to her bed went to Mary King's bed after her, when Rose McDonald insisted on Margaret Brennan's going to her own bed and pushed her and the boy away. Margaret Brennan then went away to Jane Mitchell's bed and attacked her about some bags that were in the bed when Jane Mitchell cried out murder! murder! murder! upon which alarm the chief officer and Mr Lowrey went down to quiet them. During the time that Margaret Brennan was in Mary King's bed, an attack was made with biscuit, shoes and bowls upon those who were quiet in bed and it was ascertained that Mary Brady was the aggressor. After the chief officer had left them Margaret Brennan again began by saying that she knew she should be put into the coal hole but if she was put there 19 times she would have revenge of Jane Mitchell. I ordered Ellen Rourke, Margaret Brennan and Mary Brady to the hatchway and prepared the catarrh seizings and read the 24th article of my instructions with additions, with a promise to flog them all three as an example to the rest, but Mr Lowry interceding for them I ordered them to be confined in the coal hole with collars on. At 6pm went down into the coal hole, when all asking pardon with a promise of quietness I released them.
20 Nov
When going down the main hatchway to bed this evening, Mary Brady dislocated the patella which was immediately replaced.
21 Nov
Mary Kennedy complaining of bowel pains.
24 Nov
At 2pm while attending serving provisions, I observed some pieces of pork which had been dirtied and mangled by the rats. On representing them to the Captain as unfit for the convicts to eat, he had them thrown overboard. About 1pm Patrick Montgomery, a boy relative of a convict going as a free passenger with his mother and brothers to his father a convict at Sydney, accidentally was knocked overboard by the staysail sheet. A boat immediately lowered into which the Captain got and in about 15 minutes returned with the boy who gave signs of returning life.
25 Nov
Confined Ellen Keenan and Ellen Purcell or Clarke for quarrelling and fighting on the quarterdeck till evening. On visiting the hospital in the morning I found Patrick Montgomery quite well.
28 Nov
At 2:30pm Ellen Clarke having been found in the galley in company with the Captain's Steward, Cook, and Cooper who were quarrelling about her I ordered her aft on the quarterdeck and confined her there until bedtime. At 6pm sent Ellen Clarke below and having mustered all hands to bed locked up for the night.
29 Nov
Gave Mary Hindes, Biddy Garraty and several others salts.
30 Nov
At 2pm attended serving provisions at which time Mr Lowrey made a complaint against the purser's steward which the Captain deferred investigating until arrival in port. Gave Ann Anderson and Mary Hinds salts.
1 Dec
Celia Cox having complained of griping pains.
2 Dec
Gave Eliza Wilson and Margaret Riley salts and Celia Cox an anodyne.
3 Dec
Gave Celia Cox and Rose McDonald some Donkin's concentrated gravy soup which they did not approve preferring gruel. Rose McDonald and Ann Clarke took salts. John Brown, captain's steward having occasioned a disturbance between Ellen Keenan and Ellen Clarke and having been insolent to me upon my desiring him not to interfere with any of the convicts I represented it to the Captain who immediately gave him a severe flogging and in order to prevent any further communication I thought it prudent to confine the two women in prison until our arrival at Sydney.
4 Dec
At 8am confined to the quarterdeck for quarrelling Ellen Tucker and Ellen Nolan who promising not to cause any further disturbance were released at 9am.
6 Dec
Gave Margaret McCawley and Jane Farley magnes sulph.
7 Dec
Bridget Linney and Elizabeth Wilson having grossly abused Mary Moran I ordered them to be locked up in the prison.
9 Dec
Bridget Linney and Elizabeth Wilson released from prison. Alice Brown having desired John Brown not to interfere with one of the women in confinement whom he was waiting for and told him he would be scalded again. On my hearing the noise and going there he complained to me and finding that I saw he was in fault he complained to the Captain that I would not punish the women whom I had sent below, when after some altercation between myself and the Captain. The Steward was confined to the quarterdeck so as to have no communication with the women.
9 Dec
Bridget Linney and Elizabeth Wilson released from prison.
10 Dec
Gave Ally Brown and several other women salts.
11 Dec
Biddy Lunny, Eliza Wilson, and Jane Mitchell charged by Catherine Stafford with holding committees and forming mischief and mutiny. It appears that has been their general character in Roscommon and Cork jails and brought on board from the jailors the character of being very dangerous, malignant and undermining, and no account to be credited.
12 Dec
In consequence of the information yesterday given by Catherine Stafford gave orders to all the convicts to have no communication with Biddy Lunny and Eliza Wilson and that if any committees were again assembled they would be severely flogged. Mary Connor having fallen and hurt her back it was bathed twice a day with volatile liniment. She took a dose of slats and at night an opium pill.
13 Dec
Made King's Island Bass's straights at 4am. At 9pm Sir Roger Curtis's Island North 3 or 4 leagues distant.
14 Dec
At 2am passed the New Rock. At 10.30 am a heavy sea struck the ship right aft, stove in all the windows and filled the cabins, state rooms, and convicts prisons with water. The convicts were very much alarmed and screamed out. My own family sleeping in the after cabin were completely soaked in their hammocks and on their screaming out, I attempted to get out of bed when the water from the Captain's cabin rushed into my State Room window into the bed where my wife and infant child lay and knocked me backwards. On the heel of the ship the water retreating I jumped out of bed and was jammed up by the broken frames of the stern windows and our chests all floating, the water being at this time above my knees. As soon As I could obtain a light and the confusion had a little subsided I obtained two men and two boys with buckets to bail the water out of the state and after cabins, which occupied us all for two hours, having nothing dry, our shoes and boots carried by the retiring sea out of the stern windows, hats, cloaths, chests and every thing floating about, and everything quite wet and having only my shirt on which was very wet, after securing everything as well as we could I went to bed again, having had the stern ports or windows secured by the carpenters.
15 Dec
On opening the afterhold [in the morning] found that a considerable quantity of water had got below and damaged bread and other articles.
16 Dec
At 9am set all convicts, passengers to rinse and dry their cloathes also to wash their beds blankets and pillows now being in sight of the Land and hoping to arrive in Sydney Cove tomorrow morning. The officers and servants employed in drying charts, books, papers and parcels and their instruments and cloathing. Myself and family employed in drying our chests, cloaths, books, papers and parcels and some of the women washing and rinsing the articles that were soaked with salt water. On opening my chest containing my surgical instruments I found the amputating and trepanning set very much injured as well as the case containing them. Most of the instruments are rendered completely useless by rust.
18 Dec
At pm anchored in Sydney Cove, New South Wales. Captain Piper, the naval officer came on board to whom I gave all letters and dispatches for His Excellency the Governor.
19 Dec
Convicts preparing for disembarking. At 10am went on shore and waited on Captain Piper. Reported my arrival to the Lieutenant Governor Colonel Erskine and called at the office of Major Goulburnt, Colonial Secretary and left my letter from the Colonial Office in London. At same time left a letter of application for one of the convict women to continue in the service of my family, she having attended us on our passage out.
20 Dec
At 10am Major Goulburnt Colonial Secretary came on board and inspected the convicts, passengers and free settlers and children. Major Weymiss came on board and served out slops to the convicts, to be disembarked tomorrow.
21 Dec
At 10am His Excellency Major General Sir Thomas Brisbane, K.B, Governor of New South Wales and suite came on board, inspected the convicts and their children, the wives of convicts and their children. The children of convicts and the free settlers and was pleases to express his approbation of their appearance and good order. At 1pm served out provisions to the convicts going to Parramatta factory, at which time they were disembarked from the ship into schooners appointed to take them to their destination. On going away they all returned us their thanks for our lenity and attention to them, many of them kissing our hands as they went over the sides. Mr Tress, master builder, came on board and began to knock down the prison.
23 Dec
Went on shore at 8am and took my journal to Dr Bowman to examine and breakfasted with him.
26 Dec
Mr Lourey and family went on shore to their lodgings.
8 Jan
Disembarked with my family.
 
Surgeon's general remarks. The convicts were in general very comfortable, but if knitting needles and worsted or cotton had been put on board in order to employ the women it would not only be serviceable to them but would prevent their inclination for other purposes not so much to the morality of themselves nor inconvenience to the Superintendents.[British National Archives]
 
The voyage was described as 'troublesome' and charges brought against the captain and chief officer by 23 crewmen.[Elyard Genealogy] Charges were also brought against at least 20 of the ship's crew:
  "On Friday last, at a Bench of Magistrates at Sydney at which Mr. Justice Field presided, no fewer than twenty seamen of the John Bull, convict ship, were convicted of contumacious disobedience and very disorderly conduct, under the 33d Article of the Port Regulations, and were sentenced to work at government labour, in the public streets, chained together in a gang, lest they should run away, and to be fed upon bread and water only, until the ship sails; or until they should return to their duty, which they one and all, loudly refused to do in the face of the Bench."[Sydney Gazette 18/1/1822]  
Parramatta Female Factory. The 'Female Factory' was the destination of all convict women transported to the colony who had not been assigned as servants. Australia's first Female Factory, the Factory above the Gaol was located in what is now Prince Alfred Park, Parramatta, New South Wales. It was a simple log walled and thatched roof construction built in 1796 and used primarily as a place of confinement for convict re-offenders. The original construction burnt down and was replaced with a two storey stone building in 1802. This building was also damaged in a fire and again rebuilt in 1804 during Governor King's administration. The upper floor of the gaol was used as a place of confinement for delinquents and a house of industry for female convicts known as the Factory above the Gaol and later the Female Factory. Within a decade there was considerable pressure on the authorities to deal with increasing numbers of female convicts who could not be adequately accommodated at the Factory but it was not until the arrival of Governor Lachlan Macquarie that a solution was found. Macquarie selected a 4-acre site on the opposite bank of the Parramatta River from the Governor's Domain to build a new Factory and issued instructions to convict architect Francis Greenway to design a building that would accommodate 300 women. The Factory was built using convict labour from locally quarried sandstone and was completed in 1821 at the cost of 4778 pounds. The walls of the main building ranged from 2' 6" at the foundation to 20" at the apex of its three storeys. It had an oak shingled roof, floors of 6" paving or stringbark with barred leadlight windows in the basement and lead glazed windows on the upper floors. The first floor was used for meals with the top two floors for sleeping. The porter, deputy superintendent, superintendent and matron were provided separate accommodation on the site. The Factory was often referred to as the Nunnery and served as a refuge, a gaol, an asylum, a home for the infirm, a labour exchange, a marriage bureau, a hospital and a manufactory. In 1821 Macquarie wrote describing the Factory:
  "A Large Commodious handsome stone Built Barrack and Factory, three Stories high, with Wings of one Story each for the accomodation and residence of 300 Female Convicts, with all requisite Out-offices including Carding, Weaving and Loom Rooms, Work-Shops, Stores for Wool, Flax etc. etc.; Quarters for the Superintendant, and also a large Kitchen Garden for the use of the Female Convicts, and Bleaching Ground for Bleaching the Cloth and Linen Manufactured; the whole of the Buildings and said Grounds, consisting of about Four acres, being enclosed with a high Stone Wall and Moat or Wet Ditch."  
Originally intended as a place of refuge for the women and children of the NSW colony, within a decade it became more like a conventional prison. The Factory was the site of Australia's first industrial action in 1827 when women rioted for better food and conditions. It was also the site of the colony's first manufactured export producing 60,000 yards of woven cloth in 1822. By 1842 the Factory accommodated 1,203 women in the most deplorable conditions, riots occurred frequently and reforms were called for which resulted in the cessation of solitary confinement and alterations to the main building. With the end of convict transportation to the NSW colony the site was reassigned as a Convict Lunatic and Invalid Asylum in 1847.[Wikipedia, Gordon Family History]

Site of the Currency Lass, Narellan, 1995
Site of the Currency Lass, Narellan, 1995
Photograph - John Kooyman
Cottages, Upper Minto, 1800s
Cottages, Upper Minto, 1800s
Drawings - State Library NSW
Cowpasture Bridge, Camden, 1842
Cowpasture Bridge, Camden, 1842
Photograph - Thomas Woore R.N.

As best can be determined, the site of the Currency lass would have been close to where the photographer was standing, probably at least partially under the road immediately in front of the photographer. The Burtons Arms, on the opposite side of the road, was originally nearly opposite the Lass, across a country road wide enough to take horses and bullock-drawn wagons .. certainly a lot narrower than what is in the foto, and which is even wider today.[David Powell] Airds is a suburb of Campbelltown, 56 km south-west of the Sydney CBD. Airds is a predominantly residential area. Governor Lachlan Macquarie named the region Airds, after the Scottish family estate of his wife Elizabeth Campbell. Airds appeared in land grant lists, and referred to almost the entire area between Glenfield and Gilead. The name fell into disuse as Campbelltown and other settlements along the valley floor came to be known by their individual names after the 1820s. In 1975, tenders for the first homes in the Housing Commission's 'Kentlyn' subdivision were called but the name Airds was not approved until 1976.[WikipediaNarellan began with a number of land grants made to prominent settlers during Governor Macquarie’s reign in the early 1800s when he was encouraging settlement on Sydney's western fringes. Narellan lies in the central part of the Camden Municipality, although it was originally part of Nepean Shire Council until it was abolished in 1948. In 2001 the village had a population of 3859. The name Narellan is used for the village, the district and the parish and was probably derived from William Hovell’s 1816 grant of ‘Narralling’ of 700 acres, which covered much of what is now the suburb of Narellan. Most of the parish of Narellan was granted to settlers by Governer Macquarie between 1810 and 1818. In 1827 Robert Hoddle and John Oxley (the surveyor-general) surveyed the site of the village, set out in a rectilinear plan and marked the site of a church, school, courthouse and lockup, by 1832 a licensed inn along with several sly grog shops on the village fringes were operating out of the fledgling village. By 1830 the Benches of Magistrates were issuing inn licences throughout the colony, and the earliest licence in Narellan was given to Thomas Avery, an associate of Mrs Herbert, for the Travellers Rest from 1830-1832. A church school was built in 1839. By 1842 there were 45 children being taught under the capable hand of Mr Samuel Turton, and in 1846 this had increased to 96 children. The school was also used by the Reverend Thomas Hassall for church services. Despite land allotments offered for sale in the 1840s, settlement in Narellan was scarce due to the popularity of nearby Camden. In 1847 the the village only had a pound, an inn, a few mechanics’ shops and a school house that served as a church on Sundays. Farming in the local area consisted of vineyards, orchards and dairying. The area did become a popular choice for the country estates of Sydney's elite, including the grand estates such as Studley Park and Camelot which still exist today. In 1875 a government National School was established on the site for the courthouse and later became Narellan Public School. Edmund Blackett designed St Thomas’s Church of England in 1879, which was consecrated in 1884. It was set on the highest point in the village with vistas of the surrounding countryside. With the extension of a railway line linking Narellan with Camden and Campbelltown in 1882, the suburbs dairy farms, orchards and timber mill had access to a trade route which linked them to the Sydney Markets and greatly increased settlement in the suburb. Narellan was still a primarily rural area in the early 1900s. A popular choice for heavy industry in the 1940s, a brickworks opened along with coal handling facilities which were transferred from Camden to Narellan in 1941 to process the coal from the Burragorang Valley mines. The coal industry transformed Narellan and by the 1970s it was one of the suburbs biggest employers encouraging significant housing development in the suburb. With the local coal industry transferred further west in the 1980s, Narellan’s position as an industry hub would be eclipsed by Camden and the unused land of Narellan became popular for housing development. By the 1990s commercial development in Narellan has usurped the dominance of Camden. Narellan had become the commercial centre of the local district.[About NSW, Camden History]

St John the Evangelist, Campbelltown, NSW
St John the Evangelist, Campbelltown, NSW
PhotographDarryl H.
St John the Evangelist, Campbelltown, NSW
St John the Evangelist, Campbelltown
PhotographDarryl H.
St John the Evangelist, Campbelltown
St John the Evangelist, Campbelltown
Photograph - Campbelltown Council

St John the Evangelist Roman Catholic, Campbelltown. Now known as St Patricks College, St John's was built upon land offered to the church by James Burke in 1825. The gift of 5 acres was made so that the Church could build a Chapel and a School House and also use portion of the land as a cemetery. Although the foundation stone is dated 12/12/1824, the building was not completed for some years and the Church was not opened until 31/8/1841. The Church is believed to have been designed by Fr. Therry, the first official Catholic Priest on the mainland of Australia. He arrived in the colony in 1820. It is the oldest Catholic Church building on the mainland & the oldest masonry Catholic Church building in Australia. For the next ten years Campbelltown Catholics struggled to raise funds for the completion of St. John's Church. Early records are dotted with references of meeting to finance the project. The Catholic Community gathered at local public houses such as Cullen's Inn and the Forbes Hotel to mound fund raising campaigns. On 20/9/1835 Fr. Therry commenced duty as Parish Priest of Campbelltown. (which included Illawarra & Argyle, an area which extended beyond Yass). On 1/9/1822 the First Mass was celebrated in Campbelltown. It was to have been held on 'The Green', Mawson Park, but with rain coming on, it was held in the unfinished Anglican Church of St. Peter. The first Mass was celebrated in the unfinished building on 27/7/1834 and was said on a regular basis from 19/7/1835. St John's is a stuccoed brick church of simple Georgian design. The arched window openings and pilasters are marked by projecting render work and quoins represent ashlar work. The main roof and that over the porch are of simple pitched form. It is a large building, ambitious for its day, but owing to the scarcity of funds was not completed until 1841. It was not of a fashionable design, and was built of unrendered stone. It has large upper windows and smaller lower ones and gives a picture of strength and ruggedness. It was opened on 31 August 1841 by Fr. J. A. Gould and a collection was taken amounting to 40-0-0, for the purpose of erecting a tower. It was opened with a solemn High Mass by the Rev. F. Murphy, Vicar General assisted by Deacons Kenroy and Grant, Rev. Frs. Goold, Sumner, Slattery, Marcum, Fitzpatrick, Dunphy, Magennis and Hogan, the latter delivering an eloquent sermon on the attributes of the Saint for whom the Church was named, (St. John the Evangelist). Webbe’s mass in “G” was rendered by the choir, Mr. Morgan presided at the Seraphine. It was used as a Church until the end of 1886, when the new Church in Cordeaux Street was completed. In 1887, the ashlar walls were rendered to make them weatherproof and in 1888 it became St. Patrick’s Convent under the control of the Good Samaritan Sisters. An intermediate floor and two chimneys were added and a corrugated iron roof. Built on the grounds of the now St Patricks College is a very small building not much larger than a hut. This building was the home of Father Joseph Therry when he first came to Campbelltown. Father Therry was the first Roman Catholic Priest in the district and resided in Campbelltown for many years before St Johns Church opened. The first recorded Catholic buried in the District of Airds was that of Thomas Acres in 1824. The Cemetery was consecrated 27/12/1826. Probably the best known grave is that of James Ruse, a First Fleeter and Australia’s first successful farmer. James Ruse was Australia’s first official farmer and was the first man to receive a land grant in this country. He personally claimed he was the first person to set foot on Sydney soil when he carried Major Johnson ashore on the arrival of Governor Phillip’s First Fleet. The quaintly worded headstone was written by James Ruse himself, leaving only the date to be added when he died in 1837. During 1984 and with financial assistance from the Heritage Conservation Fund the Church returned the building largely to its original 1830s form. On 14/6/1886 the Foundation stone of the new St John’s Church, at the corner of Cordeaux & Lindesay Streets was laid by Cardinal Moran. On 22/5/1887 the new church was officially opened by Cardinal Moran. The new church was designed by Barlow and Roskell.[St John's, Heritage NSW, Campbelltown Council]

Fr John Joseph Therry
Fr John Joseph Therry
Campbelltown Hist. Soc.
Ann Brown, St John's
Ann Brown, St John's
Photo - David Powell
John Brown, St John's
John Brown, St John's
Photo - David Powell
John & Ann Brown, St John's
John & Ann Brown, St John's
Photo - Murphy & Rhodes [48]



1.1. Samuel Morrison, (s/o Ann Morrison) born 2/1/1819,[1,2,6,13,35,47,52] Downpatrick, Co Down, Ireland.[1,2,6,35,47] Father unknown, however was also known as Smith.[63] Baptised 2/9/1823, Airds County, (Campbelltown), NSW, Australia (registered St Mary's, Sydney), by the rites of the Roman Catholic church.[1,13,47] {See note [86] re location of baptism} Died 19/11/1870, 'The Lodge', Harrington Park, Narellan, NSW, Australia (51yo).[1,2,6,13,35,47,52,63] "Samuel Smith, generally called and known as Brown."[63] informant was Harriet Smith alias Brown, widow, of Harrington Park.[63] Buried 21/11/1870,[63] St John's Roman Catholic Cemetery, Campbelltown, NSW, Australia,[1,47,63] by Rev. J. Carroll according to the rites of the Roman Catholic Church.[63] {Samuel does not have a gravestone at St John's & his burial is not listed in the St John's graveyard transcription, nor any other cemetery in Campbelltown.[48]} Accompanied his mother, Ann Morrison, when she was transported to Australia.[1,2,6] John Browne adopted the child who was raised as Samuel Browne & provided for Samuel in his will.[1,2,6] Resided with parents, 1828 (10yo).[6] In 1835 Samuel inherited from his step-father's estate 30 acres of land at West Bargo (which had previously been described as 'worthless') as well as the 'Currency Lass' and 0.5 acres of land surrounding the inn (part of the original 10 acre purchase). After his step-father's death, Samuel & his mother continued to operate the "Currency Lass" until 1841, although his mother held the publican's licence.[1,2,6,26] Due to a depression that was afflicting the colony, Samuel & Ann were forced to issue promisary notes in order to continue operating the Currency Lass.[35] On 12/5/1841 Ann & Samuel were summoned to court for debts, interest & court costs totalling 600.[6,24] They were unable to repay the loan and was declared bankrupt.[6] Most of Samuel & Ann's assets were siezed by debtors & the court.[1,2,6] The bankruptcy only involved Ann & her son, Samuel, the remainder of John's estate, which went to the other children, remained in the family.[35] On 7/12/1842 in the Insolvency Court, J. Thrope and Co. proved a claim against Samuel Brown of 22 16s 10d and Joseph Walford proved a claim against Samuel of 77 18s 4d.[142] On 24/12/1842 Samuel Browne, labourer, of Narallan, filed for insolvency.[51,141] After losing the 'Currency Lass' Samuel worked for his brother, William (a butcher), butchering cattle for him.[35] Carpenter, 1870.[1,35,47,63] Labourer.[47] Married Harriet Tomsett, 16/4/1849, St Paul's Church of England, Cobbitty, NSW, Australia.[1,2,6,13,35,47,52,63] {[52,63] gives DOM as 17/4/1849} Harriett, d/o Thomas & Elizabeth,[1,13,47] baptised 27/3/1830, Yalding, Co Kent, England,[1,2,6,47] died 28/7/1916, Campbelltown, NSW, Australia,[1,2,6,13,35,47,48,52] & buried Congregational Church Cemetery, Lot 13, St Johns Road, Campbelltown, NSW, Australia.[1,6,35,47,48] {[47] gives DOD of 7/7/1916} "In Loving Memory Of/My Dear Wife And Our Mother/Susanna Hagan/Died 23rd November 1931 Aged 77/Also Harriet Brown/Died July 1916 Age 36/Also William Henry Hagan/Died 26th April 1940 Aged 80/At Rest."[48] Harriett arrived in Australia with her father & step-mother, on the 'Earl Grey', 24/6/1841.[1,35,47] Resided 1842, 1851-1865, Narellan, NSW, Australia.[1,2,6,13,51] Resided 1870-1890s, 'The Lodge', Harrington Park, Narellan, NSW, Australia.[1] Resided 1916, Campbelltown, NSW, Australia.[1,2,6,13]

Children of Samuel Morrison & Harriet Tomsett:

i.
 
Samuel Brown, born 24/2/1851, Narellan, NSW, Australia.[1,2,6,13,47,52] Died 3/1851, Narellan, NSW, Australia.[1,2,6,13,47,52]

ii.

Harriet Ann Brown,[63,101] born 12/9/1852, Narellan, NSW, Australia.[1,2,6,13,47,52] Died 24/2/1927, Newtown, Sydney, NSW, Australia.[1,2,6,13,47,52] Buried Church of England Cemetery, Camden, NSW, Australia.[1] Seamstress & needleworker.[1] Married George Edward Kettley,[101] 14/3/1887, Camden, NSW, Australia.[1,2,13,47,52] George born 1846 & died 8/12/1903,[1,2,13,52] Camden, NSW, Australia.[13,52] Buried Church of England Cemetery, Camden, NSW, Australia.[1] Cause of death was a heart attack aggravated by alcoholism.[1] George was previously married with 8 children to his first wife, Maria.[1]
  "Insolvency Court, 31/1/1878. Surrender, George Kettley, of Camden, near Sydney, labourer. Causes of insolvency: Pressure of creditors and illness of himself and family. Liabilities, 55, 11s. 7d. Assets, 10s. Mr. R. H. Sempill, official assignee."(SMH 1/2/1878).[95]  
Resided 1870-1890s, 'The Lodge', Harrington Park, Narellan, NSW, Australia.[1] Resided 1890s, Murray Street, Camden, NSW, Australia.[1] Resided 1915, Elizabeth Street, Camden, NSW, Australia.[101] Resided 1920s, with daughter Adele, Newtown, Sydney, NSW, Australia.[1]
Children: (a)
 
Edith Agnes Brown, born 24/10/1874, Harrington Park, Narellan, NSW, Australia.[1,13,52] Died 6/11/1949, Drummoyne, Sydney, NSW, Australia.[1,52] {Father listed as Samuel on death.[13]} Buried Field of Mars Cemetery, Sydney, Presbyterian, Section E, grave 120.[1] Married John Kemp Picard, 7/10/1896, St Andrew's Presbyterian Church, Gladesville, Sydney, NSW, Australia.[1,13,52] John, s/o Alexander & Emma,[13] born 21/2/1868,[1] Marrickville, St George, Sydney, NSW, Australia, died 2/1/1950,[1,13,52] Gladesville,[52] Balmain registration district, Sydney, NSW, Australia,[13] & buried with his wife.[1] Post master.[1] Resided 1896-1950, Martin Street, Hunters Hill, Sydney, NSW, Australia.[1]
Children: (1)
 
Alexander Frederick Picard, born 31/5/1897, Hunters Hill, Sydney, NSW, Australia.[1,13,52] Died 1/4/1984, Winston Hills, Sydney, NSW, Australia.[1,52] Wool auctioneer.[1] Married Julia Annie Ryan, 1920, Ryde, Sydney, NSW, Australia.[1,13,52] Julia, d/o Daniel & Mary,[13] born 31/7/1895,[1,13] Balmain South, Sydney, NSW, Australia,[13] & died 17/1/1940,[1,13,52] Boronia Park, Ryde, Sydney, NSW, Australia.[1,13] Both buried Field of Mars Cemetery, Sydney, Roman Catholic, Section E, grave 2154.[1]
(2)
Ernest Kemp Picard, born 25/8/1898, Hunters Hill, Sydney, NSW, Australia.[1,13,52] Died 13/7/1975, North Shore Hospital, North Sydney, Sydney, NSW, Australia.[1,52] Accountant.[1] Cause of death was throat cancer.[1] Body donated to science for cancer research.[1] Married Kathleen Jane McCarthy, 27/2/1926, St Stephen's Presbyterian, Sydney, NSW, Australia.[1,13,52] Kathleen, d/o John & Eimina, born 1/12/1901, Port Macquarie, NSW, Australia & died 1/6/1975, Harboard, Sydney, NSW, Australia.[1,13,52]
(3)
Linda Emily Picard, born 8/8/1900, Hunters Hill, Sydney, NSW, Australia.[1,13,52] Died 31/8/1984, Gladesville, Sydney, NSW, Australia.[1,52] Municipal Clerk, Hunters Hill.[1] Married Henry Nathaniel Bradley, 31/12/1924, Presbyterian Church, Rozelle, Sydney, NSW, Australia.[1,13,52] Henry, s/o Henry & Bertha, born 2/4/1897, Hobart, Tasmania,[1] & died 14/6/1967, Balmain Hospital, Sydney, NSW, Australia.[1,13] Both cremated & ashes interred Northern Suburbs Crematorium.[1] Had issue.[1]
(4)
Edith Mary Picard, born 5/9/1908, Hunters Hill, Sydney, NSW, Australia.[1,13,52] Died 31/10/2005, Willoughby, Sydney, NSW, Australia.[52] Municipal Clerk, Hunters Hill.[1] Married Russell William Desreaux, 7/9/1935, St Stephen's, Chatswood, Sydney, NSW, Australia.[1,13,52] Russell, s/o Alfred Thomas & Elizabeth, born 10/12/1908, Catherine Hill Bay, Sydney, NSW, Australia & died 9/6/1966, St Leonards, Sydney, NSW, Australia.[1,13]
(b)
Harold Osborne Brown, born 29/10/1877, Harrington Park, Narellan, NSW, Australia.[1,13,49,52] Died 7/4/1912, Bundaberg Hospital, Queensland, Australia.[1,49,52] Cause of death was rupture of the intestines & peritonitis after being kicked in the stomach by a horse.[1] Buried Bundaberg Methodist Cemetery,[1] Section D6, plot D526.[49] Farmer.[1] Married Margaret Lack, 1905, Hunters Hill, Sydney, NSW, Australia.[1,13,52] Margaret born 28/6/1875 & died 1955, Cooroy, Queensland, Australia (80yo).[1,152] Moved to Bundaberg, Queensland, 1911.[1] In 1912, after Harold's death, his widow moved to Cooroy, Queensland, to be closer to family there.[1]
Children: (1)
 
Florence Mildred Brown, born 1906, Campbelltown, Sydney, NSW, Australia.[1,13,52] Died 1947, Cooroy, Queensland, Australia.[1,52] Dressmaker & tailoress.[1] Married William Frederick Zerner, 9/10/1929, Cooroy, Queensland, Australia.[1,52] William born 1906, Cooroy, Queensland & died 1977, Cooroy, Queensland, Australia.[1]
(2)
Frederick Brown, born 1908, Sydney, NSW, Australia.[1,13,52] Changed name to Ronald Harwood.[1]
(3)
Winifred Edith Brown, born 24/8/1910, Liverpool, Sydney, NSW, Australia.[1,13,52] Died 11/1971, Cooroy, Queensland, Australia.[1,52] Dressmaker & tailoress.[1] Married Frederick George Zerner, 1/1939, Cooroy, Queensland, Australia.[1,52] Frederick born 23/5/1910, Cooroy, Queensland & died 31/3/1977, Cooroy, Queensland, Australia.[1]
(4)
Percival Ernest Brown, born 10/1912, Cooroy, Queensland, Australia.[1,52] Died 1956.[1,52] Changed name to Percival Harwood.[1] Married Olive Irene Grant, 1942, Queensland, Australia.[1,52]
(c)
Alfred Ernest Asherly Brown, born 5/10/1880, Harrington Park, Narellan, NSW, Australia.[1,13,52] Died 1955, Kempsey, NSW, Australia.[13,52] {Father listed as Edward on death,[13], possibly illegitimate child of Edward Kettley or listed his step-father on his death} Does not appear to have married.[13]
(d)
Herbert Noel Bensley Brown, born 31/10/1884, Harrington Park, Narellan, NSW, Australia.[1,13,52] Died 11/2/1969, Papakura, Auckland, New Zealand.[1,52] Dairy farmer.[1] Married Ellen Huxford, 4/12/1906, Holy Sepulchre Church of England, Auckland, New Zealand.[1,52] Ellen born 23/8/1884, Auckland, New Zealand, & died 9/4/1926.[1,52] Married 2nd Effie Louise Oldham, 28/10/1933, Auckland, New Zealand.[1,52] Effie born 1894 & died 10/1997, Auckland, New Zealand.[1,52]
Children: (1)
 
Herbert Brown, born 28/4/1907, Te Awamutu, New Zealand.[1,52] Married Kathleen McCormick, 16/5/1927, Auckland, New Zealand.[1,52] Married 2nd Phoebe Phyllis Doreen Thomas, 1933, Hawera, New Zealand.[1,52]
(2)
Florence 'Ena' Brown, born 2/12/1908, Auckland, New Zealand.[1,52] Died 4/3/1990, Pukekohe Hospital, Auckland, New Zealand.[1,52] Married Murray Isaac Wooton, 21/6/1932, Auckland, New Zealand.[1,52]
(3)
Leslie Brown, born 15/2/1910, Auckland, New Zealand.[1,52] Farmer.[1] Married Zena Anderson, 30/1/1935, Bombay Presbyterian Church, Auckland, New Zealand.[1,52] Zena born 29/12/1915 & died 9/3/1997, Auckland, New Zealand.[1,52]
(4)
Marjorie Brown, born 15/6/1912, Auckland, New Zealand.[1,52] Married James Peter Cochrane, 23/12/1939, Presbyterian Church, Pukekohe, New Zealand.[1,52] Council foreman.[1]
(5)
Monica Ruth Brown, born 15/9/1913, Auckland, New Zealand.[1,32,52] Died 2/1996, New Zealand.[1,52] Needlewoman.[1] Married Richard Arthur Malton.[1,32,52] Richard born 9/4/1909 & died 10/1987, New Zealand.[1,52] Coppersmith.[1]
(6)
Noel Roy Brown, born 23/1/1916, Remuera, Auckland, New Zealand.[1,52] Died 7/1991, Pukekohe, New Zealand.[1,52] Farmer & panelbeater.[1] Married Eva Lillian Stewart, 1944, Auckland, New Zealand.[1,52]
(e)
Ansley F. Kesley/Ketley, born 1887, Camden, NSW, Australia.[1,13] Died 1893, Camden, NSW, Australia.[1,13,52]
(f)
Eva Mildred Kettley, born 1890, Camden, NSW, Australia.[1,13,52] Died 12/3/1939, Waverley, Sydney, NSW, Australia.[1,52] Buried Waverley Cemetery, C/E Ord. Section 2, plot 41-42.[1] Married Frederick Kimpson Ross, 6/6/1914, St Mary's Church of England, Waverley, NSW, Australia.[1,13,52,96] "Ross-Kettley.-June 6th at St. Mary's CE, Waverley, by the Rev. R. McKeown, Frederick Kempton, second son of David Ross, J.P., of Roslyn, Waverley, to Eva Mildred, daughter of the late George Kettley, of Camden."[96]
  "At St. Mary's Church of England, Waverley on Saturday, June 6. Eva Mildred, daughter of the late George Kettley and Mrs. Kettley of Camden, was married to Frederick Kempton, second son of David Ross, J.P., and Mrs Ross, of Roslyn, Waverley, the ceremony being performed by the Rev. R. McKeown. The bride, who was given away by Mr. D. Ross of Randwick, wore a trained gown of Ivory crepe de Chine over satin, the bodice-being draped with Honiton lace, orange blossoms and lily of the valley, and pearls. An embroidered Brussels veil was worn over a wreath of orange blossoms, the former being a gift of an old friend. She carried a beautiful shower bouquet of roses, carnations, and sweet peas, tied with hand-painted satin streamers. The bridesmaid was Miss Dorothy Ross, sister of the bridegroom, who wore Ivory marquisette and hat of ivory silk, and carried a bouquet of pink roses and sweet peas, which, with a gold necklet, was the bridegroom's gift. Mr. John Ravens acted as best man. Mrs. Ross, mother of the bridegroom, wore a black corded silk coat and skirt, trimmed with royal blue applique black velvet hat with blue ostrich plume, and carried a bouquet of blue sweet peas. After the ceremony a reception was held at Roslyn. Later Mr. and Mrs. Ross left by motor for Katoomba, tho bride travelling in a dress of nattier blue crepe de Chine, trimmed with black fur, with hat to match, and a set of black foxskin furs, the gift of the bridegroom."[97]  
Frederick born 1889 & died 21/8/1941, Waverley, Sydney, NSW, Australia.[1,52] Cause of death was a work accident.[1] Monumental mason.[1]
(g)
Walter Stephen Kettley, born 9/1893, Camden, NSW, Australia.[1,13,52,101,102,103] Died 1/10/1941, Randwick, Sydney, NSW, Australia (48yo).[1,13,52,99,101,102] Buried 3/10/1941, Eastern Suburbs Crematorium, Botany Cemetery, Sydney, NSW, Australia.[1,98,101]
  "Kettley -The Relatives and Friends of Mrs Emma G Kettley and Family are invited to attend the Funeral of her beloved husband and their father Walter Stephen Kettley, late 56th Batt 1st A.I.F. to leave his late residence, 27 Trevelyan Street Botany This Friday afternoon at 3.45 o'clock for Eastern Suburbs Crematorium. Molloy Bros Sydney Funeral Directors, 240-2 King St Newtown LA2009.
Kettley - G.U.O.O.F. [Grand United Order Odd Fellows] - Banksmeadow Lodge No 10796. The Officers and Members of the above Lodge are requested to attend the Funeral of their late esteemed Bro Walter Kettley. For particulars see femllv notice. sister Engert N.G, Bro R Sanders, Sec."(SMH 3/10/1941).[98]
 
"Walter Stephen Kettley. late of Botany, in the State of New South Wales, Tram Driver, died on 1st October, 1941. An Election to Administer with the Will dated 15th June, 1926 annexed was filed by the Public Trustee on 23rd July, 1946."(SMH 26/7/1946).[99] Labourer, 1915.[101] Tram driver.[1,99] Enlisted Australian Imperial Forces, 3/10/1915, rank of private, assigned to the 56th Battalion, 12th Light Horse Regiment, 7th Reinforcement, Service No.1547.[101,103] Enlistment accepted 11/10/1915.[103] Labourer, single, 23yo & 0 months (ie: born 9/1893), next of kin was his mother, Mrs Harriet Anne Kettley, Elizabeth Street, Camden.[101] Was not an apprentice & had no previous military service, although had been refused enlistment previously on medical grounds - small chest & poor teeth.[103] Description at enlistment was given as height 5' 4", weight 116 pounds, chest 33.5", fair complexion, brown eyes & eyes, eyes good, Church of England & no physically distinctive marks or features.[103]
 
11/10/1915  -  Enlisted in AIF
20/11/1915  -  Embarked for Active Service abroad
25/2/1916  -  Admitted 1st A.A.H., Heliopolis
28/2/1916  -  Transferred Conv. Depot, Helouhan - tonsilitis
5/3/1916  -  Discharged from hospital to unit
1/4/1916  -  Taken on strength of 5th D.A.C. Moascar and mustered as Gunner.
12/5/1916  -  Transferred 5th Cyclists battalion, Ferry Post.
17/6/1916  -  On duty near Tanta, Egypt, while proceeding by troup train to Alexandria. Concussion caused by being struck by a stone or similar article thrown by a native into the open truck. Soldier was in no way to blame. injury was certified as having occured whilst in the performance of military duty.
17/6/1916  -  Admitted 21st General Hospital, Alexandria - severe skull fracture
5/7/1916  -  Still in hospital
6/7/1916  -  Admitted Ras-el-Tin Convalescent Home - concussion
7/8/1916  -  Transferred Con. Depot Montazah ex Bas-el-Tin - concussion
13/8/1916  -  Embarked per Kanowna for England from Alexandria
27/8/1916  -  Admitted Tower Australian Hospital, Rainhill, Lancashire - concussion slight
15/9/1916  -  Discharged from hospital to Weymouth
15/9/1916  -  Marched into No.2 Command Depot, Weymouth, ex-Southall
19/10/1916  -  Marched into AIF Head Quarters from 2nd Australian Cycle Corps, ex 14th Training Battalion
31/12/1916  -  Proceeded overseas to France via Folkestone, 7/2/17 T.O.S. 56 Btn
23/8/1917  -  Detached for duty with Brigade Signal Section, 14th Brigade, France. Attached permanently to 5th Division Signals Company from 56th Battalion, France.
10/10/1917  -  Proceeded to rejoin 56th Battalion in the Field
11/10/1917  -  Rejoined unit from detachment
8/2/1918  -  To England, on leave
23/2/1918  -  Rejoined battalion from leave
15/6/1918  -  To 14th Brigade, School Guard, France
21/6/1918  -  Admitted 8th A.F.A. Field, influenza, ex-School
30/6/1918  -  Discharged from hospital, to duty
23/7/1918  -  Rejoined battalion in France, ex-sick
2/9/1918  -  Wounded in action, in the field
2/9/1918  -  Admitted 14th A.F.A. Field, gunshot wound to thigh
3/9/1918  -  Transferred to 9th General hospital, Rouen, gunshot wound to thigh
6/9/1918  -  Embarked for England, invalidated wounded
8/9/1918  -  Admitted to 2/1st Southern General Hospital, Dudley Road, Birmingham, gunshot wound to right thigh
10/10/1918  -  Marched into No.4 Command Depot, Hurdcott, from 3rd A.A.A. Dartford
7/1/1919  -  Marched into No.4 Command Depot, Hurdcott, from G.O.C. Staff Fovant
3/7/1919  -  Left England on the Zealandic for return to Australia
23/8/1919  -  Disembarked at Melbourne for Sydney
18/10/1919  -  Discharged from AIF at Sydney.[103]
 
Received the 1914-15 Star (No.21019), British War Medal (No.22914) & Victory Medal (No.22686).[101,103] Saw active service in Egypt & France.[102,103] Married Emma Gertrude Critchley, 27/1/1919, St Mary's, Prescot, Co Lancashire, England.[100,102,103] Marriage according to the rites of the Church of England, by licence, W. Jones, curate.[103] At the time Walter resided No.4 Command Depot, Hurdcott, 25yo & single, & Emma resided No.13 Houghton Street, Prescot, Co Lancashire, England, 22yo & single.[103] Emma, d/o William (a miner) & Margaret,[103] born December quarter, 1896, Prescot, Co Lancashire, England, & died 30/4/1979, Yagoona, Sydney, NSW, Australia.[102] Resided 1915, Elizabeth Street, Camden, NSW, Australia.[101] Resided 1941, 27 Trevelyan Street, Botany, Sydney, NSW, Australia.[98,103] Resided (Emma) 1979, Botany, Sydney, NSW, Australia.[102]
(h)
Adele Alice Ida Florence Kettley, born 1897, Camden, NSW, Australia.[1,13,52] Died 21/12/1959, Marrickville, Sydney, NSW, Australia.[1,52] Married John Bertie Willis Bowes, 1918, Newtown, Sydney, NSW, Australia.[1,13,52] John died 1971, Long Jetty, NSW, Australia.[52] Married 2nd Charles Arthur Burton, 1940, Newtown, Sydney, NSW, Australia.[1,13,52] Charles born 1887 & died 10/6/1976, Marrickville, Sydney, NSW, Australia.[52]
Children: (1)
 
Florence Adele Bowes, born 7/12/1919, Redfern, Sydney, NSW, Australia.[1,13,52] Died 15/10/1997,[1,52] Monterey, NSW, Australia.[52] Married Llewelyn Charles Russell, 1943, Marrickville, Sydney, NSW, Australia.[1,13,52] Llewelyn born 1920 & died 21/5/1996, Monterey, NSW, Australia.[52]

iii.

Susannah Brown,[63] born 18/1/1854, Narellan, NSW, Australia.[1,2,6,13,47,52] Died 23/11/1931, Campbelltown, NSW, Australia (77yo).[1,2,6,13,47,48,52] Buried with her mother, Congregational Church Cemetery, Lot 13, St Johns Road, Campbelltown, NSW, Australia.[1,6,48] "In Loving Memory Of/My Dear Wife And Our Mother/Susanna Hagan/Died 23rd November 1931 Aged 77/Also Harriet Brown/Died July 1916 Age 36/Also William Henry Hagan/Died 26th April 1940 Aged 80/At Rest."[48] Married William Henry 'Harry' Hagan, 10/7/1885, Wesleyan Parsonage, West Camden, NSW, Australia.[1,2,6,13,52] William, s/o John & Ann, born 11/1/1860, Vaucluse House, Waverley, Sydney, NSW, Australia,[1,6,47] baptised 1860, Oakville, NSW, Australia, died 26/4/1940, Camden, NSW, Australia (80yo),[6,13,47,48,52] & buried with his wife.[48] William was a farmer.[1]
  "In the Supreme Court of NSW - Probate Jurisdiction -In the Will of William Henry Hagan late of Campbelltown, in the State of New South Wales, Farmer, deceased. Application will be made after fourteen days from the publication hereof that Probate of the last Will and Testament of the abovenamed deceased dated the sixteenth day of September one thousand nine hundred and thirty-one may be granted to Robert William Cobcroft and Elizabeth Cobcroft the Executors named in the said Will and all notices may be served at the undermentioned address. All creditors in the Estate of the said deceased are hereby required to send in particulars of their claims to the undersigned. Payten & Pye, Proctors, for the Applicants. 4 Castlereagh street, Sydney."(SMH 8/5/1940).[91]  
Resided 1885-1891, 1931, 1940, Campbelltown, NSW.[1,13,47,48,52,91]
Children: (a)
 
Ellen Mary Amelia 'Nellie' Hagan, born 17/10/1885, Campbelltown, NSW, Australia.[1,13,47,52] Died 28/12/1956, Dolans Bay, NSW, Australia.[1,47,52] Nurse.[1] Married Charles Gordon Alexander, 25/2/1914, Presbyterian Church, Drummoyne, Sydney, NSW, Australia.[1,13,47,52] Charles, s/o John & Annie Jessie, born 1874, Berrima, NSW, Australia & died 30/9/1957, Dolans Bay, Sydney, NSW, Australia.[1,13,52] Charles a boat-shed builder.[1]
Children: (1)
 
Lyla Jessie Gordon Alexander, born 30/3/1915, Drummoyne, Sydney, NSW, Australia.[1,13,52] Died 16/3/1939, Dolans Bay, Sydney, NSW, Australia.[1,13,52] Did not marry.[1]
(2)
John 'Jack' William Alexander, born 29/7/1916, Windsor, NSW, Australia.[1,13,52] Died 11/10/1937, Dolans Bay, Sydney, NSW, Australia.[1,13,52] Did not marry.[1]
(3)
Elizabeth Yolande Alexander, born 20/5/1919, NSW, Australia.[1,13,52] Died 18/10/2008, John Paul Village, Heathcote, Sydney, NSW, Australia.[52]Needlewoman.[1]  Married Bruce Douglas Philip,[1] 1944, Sutherland, Sydney, NSW, Australia.[13,52] Bruce was a public transport driver.[1]
(4)
Margaret Alexander, born 16/4/1924, Dolans Bay, Sydney, NSW, Australia.[1,52] Died 18/4/1924, Dolans Bay, Sydney, NSW, Australia (2do).[1,52]
(5)
George Edward Alexanxder, born 1920s.[13] Died 1941, Mosman, Sydney, NSW, Australia.[13,52]
(6)
Frank Lee Alexander.[52] Died 1953, Mosman, Sydney, NSW, Australia.[52]
(7)
Charles West Alexander.[52] Died 1949, Paddington, Sydney, NSW, Australia.[52]
(b)
Elizabeth Hagan,[91] born 4/8/1887, Campbelltown, NSW, Australia.[1,13,47,52] Died 7/1/1972, Bundanoon, NSW, Australia.[1,47,52] Nurse.[1] Buried Rookwood Cemetery.[1] Married William Robert Cobcroft,[91] 1909, Presbyterian Church, Gladesville, Sydney, NSW, Australia.[1,13,47,52] William, s/o Oliver & Emily Jane, born 1880, Richmond, NSW, Australia & died 7/1950, Woolwash Road, Campbelltown, NSW, Australia,[1,13,52] & buried Rookwood Cemetery.[1] No issue.[1]
(c)
Ann 'Annie' Hagan, born 28/3/1891, Campbelltown, NSW, Australia.[1,13,47,52,92] Died 19/8/1988, Bundanoon, NSW, Australia.[1,52,92,94] {[47] gives DOD 8/5/1975, however there is no matching entry in the BMD index.[13]} Buried Columbarium 1 section, row 1 plot 4, Bong Bong Presbyterian Cemetery & St Andrews Moss Vale, Moss Vale, NSW, Australia.[94] Married John 'Jack' Oag Clyne, 21/6/1913, Gladesville, NSW, Australia.[1,13,47,52,92] John, s/o George & Isobel, born 24/10/1887, Wick, Scotland & died 8/5/1975, Bundanoon, NSW, Australia (87yo).[1,13,52,92,93] {[92] gives place of death as Campbelltown} Buried Columbarium 1 section, row 1 plot 5, Bong Bong Presbyterian Cemetery & St Andrews Moss Vale, Moss Vale, NSW, Australia.[93] "In Loving Memory of John Oag Clyne, Dearly Loved husband of Ann, died 8th May 1975, Aged 87 years."[93] John was a baker & gift-shop proprietor.[1]
Children: (1)
 
Isobel Susannah Clyne, born 3/5/1914, Gladesville, Sydney, NSW, Australia.[1,13,52,92] Married Robert Henwood Greason, 7/7/1937, Bundanoon, Moss Vale, NSW, Australia.[1,13,52,92] Robert born 1911 & died 12/2/1981, Sydney, NSW, Australia.[52] Butcher.[1] No issue.[92]
(2)
William George 'Bill' Clyne, born 20/3/1916, Gladesville, Sydney, NSW, Australia.[1,13,52,92] Died 30/5/2006, Gladesville, Sydney, NSW, Australia.[52,92] Police Superintendant, CID.[1] Married Eileen May Pride, 17/10/1942, Gladesville, Sydney, NSW, Australia.[1,13,52,92] Eileen born 27/3/1914, Balmain, Sydney, NSW, Australia,[1,52] & died 27/7/2006, Gladesville, Sydney, NSW, Australia.[52]

iv.

William Thomas Brown, born 14/10/1856, Narellan, NSW, Australia.[1,2,6,13,47] Died 17/3/1861, Narellan, NSW, Australia.[1,2,6,13,47,52] Buried St John's, Campbelltown, NSW, Australia.[52]

v.

Mary Brown, born 30/7/1858, Narellan, NSW, Australia.[1,2,6,13,47] Died 1858, Narellan, NSW, Australia.[1,2,6,13,47,52] Buried St John's, Campbelltown, NSW, Australia.[52]

vi.
Henriette Elizabeth Brown, born 1865, Narellan, NSW, Australia.[2,13,47] Died 26/12/1865, Narellan, NSW, Australia.[1,2,6,13,47,52] Buried St John's, Campbelltown, NSW, Australia.[52]


Harriet (Thomset) & Edith Agnes Brown c.1880
Harriet (Thomset) & Edith
Agnes Brown c.1880

Photo - Noelene Williams
Susannah Brown, c.1884
Susannah Brown,
c.1884

Photo - Noelene Williams
Gravestone, Harriet Brown (Tomsett)
Gravestone, Harriet Brown (Tomsett)
Congregational Cemetery, Campbelltown

Photo - Pictorial Cemetery Register [48]
St Paul's C/E, Cobbity
St Paul's Church of England,
Cobbity, NSW, c.1880

Photograph - Historic Houses Trust

Cobbitty is a village of the Macarthur Region near the town of Camden. The area is mostly farmland. Settlement began in the early 19th century following the establishment of John Macarthur's Camden Park Estate nearby. At the 2006 census, Cobbitty had a population of 655. St Paul's, Cobbity, was consecrated in 1842. At that time it was described as "a very sightly Gothic structure ...beautifully situated on a hill, overlooking the Vale of Denbigh" and having a tower surmounted with a "well-built stone spire".[Wikipedia, Historic Houses Trust]

Harriet & Herbert Brown, The Lodge, 1880s
Harriet Ann & Herbert Brown, The Lodge, 1880s
Photograph - F. Stubbs & Co
Harrington Park House, 1910s
Harrington Park House, 1910s
PhotographCamden Library
Harrington Park, 1854
Harrington Park, 1854
Drawing - Frederick Mackie

Harrington Park. Shortly after the arrival of the First Fleet in Sydney in 1788, four cows and two bulls strayed from a Government Farm at Rosehill and found their way to a rich expanse of lush land southwest of Sydney. It was seven years before the healthy herd (which had grown in number) was discovered. Governor Hunter had the region surveyed in 1795 and named it Cowpastures in honour of the herd. The region was declared a Government reserve although settlers such as John Macarthur soon lobbied the Governor for land grants in the rich farming area. In 1813, 2,000 acres in the area were granted to trader Captain William Douglas Campbell as compensation for the loss of his ship, the Harrington, which was seized by convicts and later destroyed by the HMS Dedaigneuse. Campbell called the land Harrington Park in remembrance of his vessel. When Captain Campbell died in 1827, he left Harrington Park to his two nephews, Murdock and John from Scotland, both of whom worked on the land. In 1833, young Murdock was shot on the property by bushranger James Lockhardt.Abraham Davy bought Harrington Park from James Rofe in 1853. His widow, Jane, sold the property in 1875 to William Rudd. The property remained in the Rudd family, operated as a dairy farm, until the 1920s, when it was sold to Arthur Swan. Swan sold the estate in 1944 to Sir Warwick Fairfax, who operated a cattle stud & flower nursery on the site. Until 1976, Sir Warwick ran a Poll Hereford stud where he bred many show winning champions. Sir Warwick spent much time at Harrington Park with his family and dogs. It was a place where he enjoyed writing, country walks, picnics and devoting time to his family. The Harrington Park property is still owned by the Fairfax family. The core of the estate remains in the possession of the Fairfax family, however the bulk of the estate was sub-divided in the late 20th Century & developed as a residential suburb, also named Harrington Park. Harrington Park is of State significance as one of the earliest 'Cow Pasture' homesteads on the Cumberland Plain. The homestead was built in stages between 1817 and 1827. In addition to the homestead, several 19th century cottages & farm sheds survive. The Homestead is comprised of a single storey rendered brick vernacular section (1817), now the kitchen wing, and a two storey single pile Georgian rendered brick section which faces south (the earliest part was built between 1817-29).[Wikipedia, Heritage NSW]

Campbelltown, c.1880-1935
Campbelltown, c.1880-1935
PhotographState Library of Victoria
Murray Street, Camden 1920s
Murray Street, Camden 1920s
Photograph - Roy Dowle
Wesleyan Parsonage, Elizabeth St, Camden
Wesleyan Parsonage, Elizabeth St, Camden
Photograph - Camden Historical Society

Campbelltown is a suburb in south-western Sydney, 51 km south-west of the Sydney CBD. Campbelltown is a major commercial centre and a central business district of South-western Sydney and Macarthur region. Campbelltown gets its name from Elizabeth Campbell, the wife of former Governor of NSW Lachlan Macquarie. Originally called Campbell-Town, the name was later simplified to Campbelltown. Not long after the arrival of the First Fleet in Sydney in 1788, a small herd of six cattle escaped and weren't seen again by the British settlers for seven years. The colonial administration was keen for the herd to establish itself so forbade killing of the cattle or settlement in the area. But John Macarthur, who wanted to establish sheep in the colony, convinced the British government to overrule the local administration and grant him 5,000 acres in 1805. Four years later a number of other grants were made to farmers between Camden and Liverpool. A drought in 1814 led to tensions between the British and Aboriginal residents. Governor Macquarie felt a permanent settlement would lead to order in the area and so Campbell-Town was born in 1820. Development of the town was slow at first, particularly after the departure of Macquarie, and it wasn't until 1831 that residents took possession of town land. However, it was during this period that Campbelltown's most famous incident occurred. In 1826, local farmer Frederick Fisher disappeared. According to folklore, his ghost appeared sitting on a fence rail over a creek just south of the town and pointed to a site where his body was later found to be buried. In memory of the incident, the Fisher's Ghost festival is held each November in Campbelltown. Campbelltown's population increased steadily in the decades following. The southern rail line was extended to Campbelltown in 1858, leading to further development. Campbelltown became the first country town in New South Wales to have piped water in 1888 and in the period between the World Wars, a local power station was built to supply electricity to residents. Campbelltown was designated in the early 1960s as a satellite city and a regional capital for the south west of Sydney.[Wikipedia] Camden is a historic town of the Macarthur Region of Sydney, 65 km south-west of the Sydney CBD. It lies on the fringe of the Sydney Metropolitan area and is close to the Sydney suburb of Campbelltown. Explorers first visited the area in 1795 and named it 'Cowpastures' after a herd of cattle that had disappeared was discovered there. In 1805, Governor King instructed a surveyor to measure 5,000 acres for John Macarthur at Cowpastures, where Macarthur had been promised land by the Secretary of State for War and the Colonies, Lord Camden. Macarthur named his property Camden Park in honour of his sponsor. As Macarthur's wool industry thrived, local citizens began pushing for the establishment of a town in the area to support the industry. Surveyor-General Major Thomas Mitchell suggested Macarthur surrender 320 acres of his land for the purpose to which he refused. Following his death in 1834, his children decided to subdivide the land and the first lots in the new town of Camden went on sale in 1840. By 1883, the population had grown to over 300 and a movement began to establish a local council which held its first meeting in 1889.[Wikipedia]



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People who have an interest in the Morrison family, not necessesarily related to my Morrison's. This is not a comprehensive list, just a listing of those whom I have been in contact with. Some of these email addresses may no longer be valid. REMOVE 'SPAM' FROM THE ADDRESSES!